Call for Papers: Blockchain for Secure and Optimal Multimedia Processing in Healthcare Systems [1206]

It has been almost a decade since the concept of blockchain, as a distributed peer-to-peer linked structure, was introduced for solving the problem of double-spending and maintaining the order of transactions. Blockchain is now emerging as the optimal and most secure technology for various fields such as healthcare, IoT, multimedia processing, e-commerce, supply chain management, etc. The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) reported that blockchain could be an efficient way to source medical equipment or validate Covid-19 immunity. According to CIO, blockchain will leapfrog population health by providing trust where none exists for continuous access to patient records by directly linking information to clinical and financial outcomes. WSJ also mentioned the advantages of blockchain technology. Blockchains are distributed and fault-tolerant databases that everyone in the network can share, but no single entity can control. Data integrity is provided as the tampering of blockchains is very difficult due to use of cryptography and lack of reliance on secrets. Further, blockchain is resilient to single-point-of-failure.  The data being put onto the blockchain still could be illegitimate data. Stringent procedures are needed to verify that there are no counterfeit products, such as test kits, on the blockchain. Blockchain uses elliptic curve cryptography. The objective of using elliptic curve cryptography is to make it possible to prove that one knows the private key without revealing any information about the private key. In other words, this technique enables users to stay anonymous and establishes confidentiality in the network. Blockchain can compile records like disease registers, lab results, prescriptions, and treatments of the patients on a decentralized ledger. The patient will be given complete authority over his/her medical history and allow them to decide who they wish to share their medical records with through a one tap solution, which inherently also brings information security. This will also enable patients to have the freedom of getting lab results from one institution and the follow up treatment from another. Multimedia medical data includes medical texts (like reports, prescriptions), sensor signals (like ECG, vital signs), medical imaging (like X-Ray, CT) and medical videos (like screenings, surgery). This multimedia data can provide additional information and insights about the patient’s health condition and can be very valuable to the healthcare practitioners. But the management of multimedia data of every patient leads to an increase in human efforts and security risks. In order to overcome this issue, IoT enabled network of multimedia devices can be used which can automatically capture the required data and share the information through a secure service layer that is connected to the blockchain ledger. Similarly, we can increase product safety, security and stability in pharmaceuticals with the help of blockchain technology. Blockchain enables people to get information about the complete provenance of the pharmaceutical products, thereby helping to distinguish counterfeit products from authentic ones.

This special issue will serve as a forum for sharing experiences and findings relating to protocol design, real test-beds, experimental evaluation, prototyping and empirical characterization of security and privacy interoperability issues in distributed computing and blockchain for healthcare industries. This special issue also focuses on techniques, experiences and lessons learned with respect to state-of-the-art security, privacy, interoperability solutions for DLT, secure multimedia processing and blockchain along with some open challenges. Suggested contribution topics include (but are not limited to) empirical and theoretical studies (with a focus on secure and optimal healthcare) in the following areas:

  • Multimedia and IoT in healthcare
  • Secure multimedia processing in healthcare
  • Blockchain based insurance and healthcare
  • Blockchain framework for unified health records
  • Blockchain and IoT in pharmaceutical supply chain
  • Anti-counterfeiting and drug traceability using blockchain
  • Blockchain based genomic market
  • Use of blockchain in clinical trials
  • Decentralized artificial intelligence to monitor health records and notify about anomalies
  • Interoperability in blockchain for healthcare systems
  • Anonymity and privacy issues in blockchain for healthcare systems
  • Blockchain for data integrity and patient digital identities
  • Provenance, consensus of blockchain systems
  • Scalability, sustainability of blockchain systems
  • Economic impact, incentive models for blockchain ecosystems
  • Atomic swapping (also known as atomic cross-chain trading)
  • Blockchain based open-source tools for healthcare systems
  • Blockchain based authentication, authorization and accounting mechanisms for healthcare systems
  • Consensus protocols in blockchains for healthcare systems
  • Health supply chain management Interoperability and health information exchange community
  • Blockchain in healthcare task force
  • Decentralized applications (exchanges, mining pools, trading platforms, etc.)
  • Formal verification of blockchain protocols and smart contracts
  • Incentive mechanisms for blockchain in healthcare systems
  • Sidechain technologies for healthcare systems
  • Simple payment verification modes and lightweight blockchain clients in healthcare systems
  • Smart contract programming languages
  • Transaction graph analysis for healthcare systems
  • Use cases Vulnerabilities of smart contracts
  • Blockchains in NFV-SDN for healthcare systems

Guest Editors

Prof. Suresh Chandra Satapathy (Lead Guest Editor)
Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT), Deemed to be University, Orissa, India
Email:  suresh.satapathyfcs@kiit.ac.in        

Dr. Saurabh Bilgaiyan
Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT), Deemed to be University, Orissa, India
Email:  saurabh.bilgaiyanfcs@kiit.ac.in       

Dr. Celestine Iwendi
University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, China
Email:  celestine.iwendi@ieee.org       

Dr. Uttam Ghosh
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA Email:  uttam.ghosh@vanderbilt.edu      

Important Dates
Manuscript submission deadline: 15 March, 2021
Initial decision: 30 April, 2021
Revised manuscript due: 15 June, 2021
Decision notification: 10 July, 2021
Final manuscript due: 10 August, 2021

Submission Guidelines

Authors should prepare their manuscript according to the Instructions for Authors available from the Multimedia Tools and Applications website. Authors should submit through the online submission site at https://www.editorialmanager.com/mtap/default.aspx and select “SI 1206 - Blockchain for Secure and Optimal Multimedia Processing in Healthcare Systems” when they reach the “Article Type” step in the submission process. Submitted papers should present original, unpublished work, relevant to one of the topics of the special issue. All submitted papers will be evaluated on the basis of relevance, significance of contribution, technical quality, scholarship, and quality of presentation, by at least three independent reviewers. It is the policy of the journal that no submission, or substantially overlapping submission, be published or be under review at another journal or conference at any time during the review process. 

The special issue will consider papers extending previously published conference papers, provided the journal submission presents a significant contribution beyond the conference paper. Authors must explain in the introduction to the paper the new contribution to the field made by the submission, and the original conference publication should be cited in the text. Note that neither verbatim transfer of large parts of the conference paper nor wholesale reproduction of already published figures is acceptable.