Submission guidelines

Instructions for Authors

Manuscript Submission

Manuscript Submission

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

Permissions

Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Online Submission

Please follow the hyperlink “Submit manuscript” and upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.

Source Files

Please ensure you provide all relevant editable source files at every submission and revision. Failing to submit a complete set of editable source files will result in your article not being considered for review. For your manuscript text please always submit in common word processing formats such as .docx or LaTeX.

Manuscript Size and Format

Manuscripts that do not meet our author guidelines will be rejected without review.

Manuscripts that report original research must NOT exceed 6,000 words, including references, but not tables and figures. The manuscript must have 1” margins and written in 12-point Arial or Calibri font. Authors should limit figures to a manageable number (no more than 8 Figures).

Authors may consider publishing additional illustrations as Electronic Supplementary Material. Rare exceptions to these guidelines will be made at the editor’s discretion. Figures and tables may be incorporated into the body of the text or included at the end of the text, after the references. If at the end of the text, please make sure they appear sequentially in the order in which they appear in the text, and indicate approximate placement in the text. Pages should be numbered consecutively beginning with the title page. Each original manuscript must have the following sections only: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if any), References.

Please use the indicated subheading titles and not other titles. Note that a conclusion section is not listed. Any concluding remarks should be incorporated into the end of the discussion section.

Each section should be clearly labeled. Pages must be arranged, and labeled, as follows:

1. Title page

2. Abstract and key terms

3. Introduction

4. Materials and Methods

5. Results

6. Discussion

7. Acknowledgments

8. References

Review manuscripts may be longer, but no more than 8,000 words, excluding references, and they do not need to include the same section labels.

The text should be clear and concise, conforming to accepted standards of English. As indicated, unless manuscripts follow these guidelines, they will be rejected without review.

Mathematical Formula and Equations

Mathematical aspects should be addressed to readers who are not mathematicians. The presentation should include the mathematical strategy, the assumptions on which the mathematics are based, and a summary of the meaning of the final mathematical statement and its limitations. Lengthy or complex mathematical developments central to the article may be put in an appendix.

Structural chemical formulas and complicated mathematical equations should be simplified as much as possible and carefully checked. All subscripts, superscripts, Greek letters, and other unusual characters must be clearly identified in penciled notes in the margin where they first appear. Distinguish between 1 (one) and the letter l (el), 0 (zero) and the letter O, Ç and letter x. Use the slant line (/) for simple fractions (a b)/(x y) in the text rather than the built up fraction, which should be used if the equation is offset from the text. Use subscripts or superscripts wherever feasible and appropriate, because they often simplify the equations [RARD instead of RARD or (RA) (RD)]. Use circles for pools in compartmental or flow−type models and whole arrows for interconnections or flows (not arrows with half−heads, as in reversible chemical equations). Do not use nonstandard mathematical notations; e.g., do not use computer symbols in equations (* for multiplication). Use lowercase letters for time−varying symbols in compartmental model equations, preferably q(t) for masses, c(t) for concentrations, with subscripts as needed. Our convention for numerical subscripts for rate constants (k21) is the same as that used in most life sciences but opposite to that currently used in pharmacokinetics, i.e., our kij is the fractional rate of transfer from compartment j to compartment i (or to compartment i from compartment j). Our notation is consistent with standard nomenclature in applied mathematics for matrices and matrix manipulation algorithms in commercial software packages for scientific/mathematical commutations involving matrices. See Glossary of terms (above).

Types of Papers

Research Articles

Research manuscripts must be original papers, submitted in English. Language must conform to acceptable English usage and syntax. The contents must be clear, accurate, coherent, and logical. In accepting or rejecting a manuscript, the editors will also consider its originality, teaching value, and validity. Manuscripts are accepted for review with the understanding that the same work has not been and will not be published elsewhere, that all persons listed as authors have given their approval for the submission of the paper and further, that any person cited as a source of personal communications or whose effort is recognized in an acknowledgment has approved such citation. Written authorization may be required at the Editor's discretion. Articles published in the ANNALS represent the opinions of the author(s) and should not be construed to reflect the opinions of the Editor(s) or the Publisher.

Revisions

Manuscripts are considered for up to two revisions only. If a manuscript cannot be accepted after the second revision, it will no longer be considered.

References and Citation Format

References are limited to pertinent published works or papers that have been accepted for publication. Usually this is achieved with fewer than 30 references. An abstract may be cited only when it is the sole source.

References should be typed separately, double−spaced, arranged alphabetically by author, and numbered serially, with only one reference per number. The number appropriate to each reference should be superscripted at the proper point in the text. The formats are:

  • Journal articles. Last name of first author, followed by initials, initials and last names of each coauthor; title of article (first word only capitalized); name of journal (abbreviated as in Serial Sources for the BIOSIS Data Base, published by BioSciences Information Service), volume, inclusive pages, and year.

    Example: 1. Haselton, F. R., R. E. Parker, R. J. Roselli, and T. R. Harris. Analysis of lung multiple indicator data with an effective diffusivity model of capillary exchange. J. Appl. Physiol. 57:98−109, 1984.

  • Book references. Author(s) as above; title of book (main words capitalized); city of publication; publisher; year and pages, e.g., Thompson, D. A. W. On Growth and Form.

    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1961, 346 pp.

    For chapter in an edited book: Glass, L. and A. Shrier. "Low

    dimensional chaos in the heart." In: Theory of Heart: Biomechanics, Biophysics, and Nonlinear Dynamics of Cardiac Function , edited by L. Glass, P. Hunter, and A. McCulloch. New York: Springer−Verlag, 1991, pp. 289−−312.

References to government technical documents should be included only when their availability is assured. Citations such as "unpublished observations" or "personal communication" should not be included in the reference list but may be added in parentheses in the text. Authors are responsible for obtaining permissions for reproduced material, cited correspondence.

Review Articles

Submission of review articles is usually by invitation. However, authors who wish to submit a review article should contact the Managing Editor, Bethany Rowson, abmejournal@gmail.com

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor that highlight controversies, ambiguities, or misapplications of theory or method can also be considered. Letters must be typewritten, double−spaced, and include a title. They should be short. Letters are reviewed by the appropriate editor and are subject to editing and possible abridgment. If a letter is found acceptable, a copy will be sent to the author of the article under discussion. The author will have an opportunity to respond with material that will be also considered for publication.

Auxiliary Materials

The Editor, after acceptance, may recommend that auxiliary material containing important data too extensive to publish be deposited with an archival service, such as the National Auxiliary Publications Service in the United States, or otherwise made available by the authors. In that event, an appropriate statement supplied by the authors should be added to the accepted manuscript. Submit such materials for consideration along with the manuscript.

Unique Materials, Data and Computer Code

Work published in the Journal must necessarily be independently verifiable. Authors describing results derived from the use of antibodies, recombinant plasmids and cloned DNAs, mutant cell lines or viruses, and other similarly unique materials are expected to make such materials available to qualified investigators on request. Authors should also submit published nucleic acid/amino acid sequences to a widely accessible data bank.

Authors are encouraged to archive experimental methods of procedure, data, models, detailed derivations of equations, computer algorithms and subroutines.

Computer codes used for special analyses or modeling should be made available to reviewers and readers whenever possible, either through e−mail, via FTP, or other means.

Experimental Procedures

The Society endorses the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki as defined in the "Guiding Principles for Research Involving Animals and Human Beings."

References and Citation Format

References are limited to pertinent published works or papers that have been accepted for publication. Usually this is achieved with fewer than 30 references. An abstract may be cited only when it is the sole source.

References should be typed separately, double−spaced, arranged alphabetically by author, and numbered serially, with only one reference per number. The number appropriate to each reference should be superscripted at the proper point in the text. The formats are:

Journal articles. Last name of first author, followed by initials, initials and last names of each coauthor; title of article (first word only capitalized); name of journal (abbreviated as in Serial Sources for the BIOSIS Data Base, published by BioSciences Information Service), volume, inclusive pages, and year.

Example: 1. Haselton, F. R., R. E. Parker, R. J. Roselli, and T. R. Harris. Analysis of lung multiple indicator data with an effective diffusivity model of capillary exchange. J. Appl. Physiol. 57:98−109, 1984.

Book references. Author(s) as above; title of book (main words capitalized); city of publication; publisher; year and pages, e.g.,: Thompson, D. A. W. On Growth and Form. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1961, 346 pp.

For chapter in an edited book: Glass, L. and A. Shrier. "Low dimensional chaos in the heart." In: Theory of Heart: Biomechanics, Biophysics, and Nonlinear Dynamics of Cardiac Function , edited by L. Glass, P. Hunter, and A. McCulloch. New York: Springer−Verlag, 1991, pp. 289−−312.

For full author instructions, please click on the links below:

Manuscript Size and Format

Suggesting Reviewers and Associate Editor

Submission

Research Articles

Revisions

References and Citation Format

Figures

Submission of Electronic Figures, General

Submission of Scanned Figures

Tables

Mathematical Formulas and Equations

Review Articles

Letters to the Editor

Auxiliary Materials

Unique Materials, Data and Computer Code

Experimental Procedures

Copyright

Permissions

Proofs

Reprints

Springer Open Choice

Examples of Areas of Interest

Guiding Principles for Research

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Manuscripts that do not meet our author guidelines will be rejected without review.

Manuscripts that report original research must NOT exceed 6,000 words, including references, but not tables and figures. The manuscript must have 1” margins and written in 12-point Arial or Calibri font. Authors should limit figures to a manageable number (no more than 8 Figures).

Authors may consider publishing additional illustrations as Electronic Supplementary Material. Rare exceptions to these guidelines will be made at the editor’s discretion. Figures and tables may be incorporated into the body of the text or included at the end of the text, after the references. If at the end of the text, please make sure they appear sequentially in the order in which they appear in the text, and indicate approximate placement in the text. Pages should be numbered consecutively beginning with the title page. Each original manuscript must have the following sections only: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if any), References.

Please use the indicated subheading titles and not other titles.

Each section should be clearly labeled. Pages must be arranged, and labeled, as follows:

1. Title page

2. Abstract and key terms

3. Introduction

4. Materials and Methods

5. Results

6. Discussion

7. Acknowledgments

8. References

Review manuscripts may be longer, but no more than 8,000 words, excluding references, and they do not need to include the same section labels.

The text should be clear and concise, conforming to accepted standards of English. As indicated, unless manuscripts follow these guidelines, they will be rejected without review.

  • Title:

    The title should be informative. It should contain no unnecessary words and should not exceed 116 characters including spaces between words. The title page should have the title of the article, author(s), department and institution in which the work was done with address, an abbreviated title for the running head (not exceeding 55 characters including spaces between words), name and address for correspondence, and a contact telephone number, FAX number, and email.

  • Abstract:

    A one−paragraph abstract of not more than 200 words must accompany each manuscript. It should state concisely the reason for the study, what was done, what was found, what was concluded, and the relevance.

  • Key Terms:

    After the abstract, list three to ten terms not included in the title.

  • Abbreviations, symbols, and terminology:

    Include in the manuscript a list of new or special abbreviations used in the paper, with spelled−out form or definition. Frequently used abbreviations need only be defined at first mention. For commonly accepted abbreviations, word usage, symbols, etc., authors are referred to the CBE Style Manual (sixth edition, 1994). Chemical and biochemical terms and abbreviations should be in accordance with the recommendations of the IUPAC−IUB Combined Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature. Isotope specification should conform to the IUPAC system.

  • Glossary of terms:

    When only a few symbols and terms are used, define each one when it is first introduced.

    The definition should include:

    1) the symbol (Roman or Greek),

    2) its name,

    3) a definition in words, and

    4) units.

  • Units:

    Authors should use the International System of Units (SI) except where common usage contradicts. Authors may follow the SI units with the equivalent value in common units (usually c.g.s. system) in parentheses. Units with more than two components should be written without slashes or dots, using superscripts, as in ml g −1 s −1 for flow per gram of tissue. Units such as ml/g/s are unacceptable.

  • Spelling:

    Follow Webster's Third New International Dictionary for spelling, compounding, and word division.

  • Drugs, Chemicals, and Trade Names:

    Proprietary (trademarked) names should be capitalized. Check spelling. The chemical or generic name should precede the trade name or abbreviation the first time it appears.

  • Footnotes:

    Avoid footnotes. Use parenthetic statements in the text instead.

  • Acknowledgments:

    At the end of the article one or more statements should specify

    (a) contributions that do not justify authorship;

    (b) technical help;

    (c) financial and material support, specifying the nature of the support;

    (d) financial relationships that may pose a conflict of interest.

Manuscripts should meet the requirements outlined above to avoid delay in review and publication. With the exception of the style and ordering of the references, these style requirements match the "Uniform Requirements" published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (Ann. Intern. Med. 126:36−−47, 1997). An online version of the "Uniform Requirements" can be viewed at the end of the chapter.

ABME discourages submissions of routine computational simulations that produce easily anticipated results, lack experimental validation, or represent incremental advancements of understanding.

Papers must be submitted via upload in a word processing format, preferably in Microsoft Word. Authors can submit LaTex manuscripts as is through our online submission process. Our software can accept LaTeX manuscripts, and usually formats them properly when converting them to PDF. Errors that occur in the conversion to PDF will be fixed when the paper is being prepared for publication. However, Microsoft Word files are preferred for upload.

Persons who have contributed intellectually to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be named and their function or contribution described. For example, "scientific advisor," "critical review of study proposal," "data collection," or "participation in clinical trial" are appropriate. Such persons must have given their permission to be named. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from persons acknowledged by name.

Reviewers and Associate Editor

Authors must suggest at least one (1) Associate Editor to oversee their manuscript, and also suggest at least four (4) potential reviewers. Reviewer suggestions must include email addresses. However, there is no guarantee that the suggested associate editor or reviewers will be used. Authors must also select five (5) classifications for their manuscript. Authors should also add personal classifications if they like.

Submission

Manuscripts are to be submitted on−line at the link below.

http://abme.edmgr.com

Figures

Figures published in the journal may be scanned using a digital scanner and integrated with the text of the article to compose completely electronic pages. Please conform with the following guidelines when preparing your illustrations for submission.

Submission of Electronic Figures, General

Authors are requested to supply electronic versions of figures in either Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) or TIFF format. Many other formats, e.g., Proprietary Formats, PiCT (Macintosh) and WMF (Windows), are discouraged and may require hard copy submission.

Figures should be saved in separate files without their captions. Captions should appear with the text of the article. Files should be named according to DOS conventions, e.g., figure1.eps. For vector graphics, EPS is the preferred format. Lines should not be thinner than 0.25pts and in−fill patterns and screens should have a density of at least 10%. Font−related problems can be avoided by using standard fonts such as Times Roman and Helvetica. For bitmapped graphics, TIFF is the preferred format. The following resolutions are optimal: black−and−white line figures — 1200 dpi; line figures with some gray or colored lines — 600 dpi; photographs — 300 dpi; screen dumps — leave as is.

Submission of Scanned Figures

  • Number figures in the order in which they appear in text. Label illustrations with their number, the name of the first author, and "ABME" on the front of the figure well outside the image area. Indicate the top of the figure.
  • Place only one figure per page. Place separate parts of the same figure on one sheet of paper, spaced 1/4 in. apart and leaving a 2−inch bottom margin. Label all figure parts with (a), (b), etc. Make sure each figure is straight on the page. Photocopies of artwork are not acceptable.
  • Prepare illustrations in the final published size, not over−sized. Figures should be sized for one column width of the journal (3.25 in.) in order to avoid problems arising from large reductions in size during scanning. This is especially important for screened or shaded illustration. Reduction of screened/shaded originals during the digitizing process introduces a Moir pattern.
  • Do not use correction fluid or tape on the illustrations. The scanner is extremely sensitive and reproduces all flaws (e.g., correction fluid, tape, smudges, dust). Do not write on the back of the figure because it will be picked up by the scanner.
  • Ensure a minimum of 8−point type size (2.8 mm high; 1/8 in. high) and 1−point line width with illustrations (a 3−point line width if reduction is required.) Avoid inconsistencies in lettering within individual figures, and from one figure to the next. Lettering and symbols must not be handwritten. Avoid small open symbols that tend to fill in if any reduction is necessary.
  • Author's laser−generated graphics are acceptable only if the lettering and lines are dark enough, and thick enough, to reproduce clearly, especially if reduction is necessary. Remember that fine lines in laser−generated graphics tend to disappear upon reduction.
  • Submit continuous−tone photographs in final published size on white glossy or matte paper. Avoid glossy paper stock that is off−white, ivory, or colored because contrast within the illustration will be lost in reproduction. Print the photograph with more contrast than is desired in the final printed journal page. Avoid dull, textured paper stock, which will cause illustrations to lose contrast and detail when reproduced.
  • All color images submitted will be published in full color in print and online at no extra charge.
  • The approximate position of each figure should be indicated in the manuscript.

Tables

  • Statistical summary tables are acceptable. Tables with many lines of individual values may be submitted as Supplementary Material (see below).
  • Number tables consecutively with Arabic numerals and prepare with the size of the journal page in mind: 3.25 inches wide, single column; 6.75 inches wide, double column
  • Type each table double−spaced on a separate page.
  • Give each table a brief title; explanatory matter should be in footnotes, not in the title.
  • Tables must not duplicate material in text or figures.
  • Omit horizontal and vertical rules when possible.
  • Omit non-significant decimal places in tabular data.
  • Use short or abbreviated column heads and expand in footnotes if necessary.
  • Identify statistical measures of variations, e.g., SD, s.e.m., etc.
  • List table footnotes in the order of their appearance and reference them with the standard symbols (* | ? ) — consecutive superior letters should be used throughout.
  • The approximate position of each table should be indicated in the manuscript.

After Acceptance

Upon acceptance, your article will be exported to Production to undergo typesetting. Once typesetting is complete, you will receive a link asking you to confirm your affiliation, choose the publishing model for your article as well as arrange rights and payment of any associated publication cost.

Once you have completed this, your article will be processed and you will receive the proofs.

Article publishing agreement

Depending on the ownership of the journal and its policies, you will either grant the Publisher an exclusive licence to publish the article or will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the Publisher.

Offprints

Offprints can be ordered by the corresponding author.

Color illustrations

Publication of color illustrations is free of charge.

Proof reading

The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor.

After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.

Online First

The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. This is the official first publication citable with the DOI. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers.

Code of Publication Ethics

The Biomedical Engineering Society seeks to maintain high standards concerning publication ethics within its professional community and within the broader publishing community. In order to insure adherence to these standards, authors will be asked to respond to a set of declarations about research conduct and publication preparation at time of submission of an article to a BMES journal. Authors will be asked to indicate that:

- all authors listed have agreed to be named as authors on this manuscript;

- any work (data, text, or theories) of others besides the authors has been properly acknowledged;

- the work is original and not previously published, except possibly as an abstract or conference proceeding and not in full-length form; and that,

- all data are true and accurate to the knowledge of the authors.

If the work involves human subjects, authors will be asked to indicate that the work has been performed with approval by the appropriate ethics review committees related to the institution(s) in which it was performed (e.g. Institutional Review Board, IRB), that the subjects gave informed consent to their inclusion in the study as required, and that the work adheres to the Declaration of Helsinki. In addition, authors will need to include a statement regarding approval, accordance, and consent in the Methods section of the manuscript.

If the work involves vertebrate animals, authors will be asked to indicate that the work was approved by and performed in accordance with guidelines of the institution(s) where it was performed (e.g. Institutional Animal Use and Care Committee, IACUC), and that it adheres to the Guide in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals established by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (or guidelines that insure equivalent or higher standards of care). In addition, authors will need to include a statement regarding approval and accordance appears in the Methods section of the manuscript.

If the work involves human embryonic stem cells, authors will be asked to indicate that the procurement and research has been performed with approval by the appropriate ethical committees (e.g. Embryonic Stem Cell Research Oversight committee, ESCRO) related to the institution(s) in which it was performed, and that it adheres to Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research established by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (or equivalent guidelines regulating use of human embryonic stem cells as required by the government or funding agency supporting research at the institution(s)). In addition, authors will need to include a statement regarding approval and accordance in the Methods section of the manuscript.

If the study makes use of cells or tissues obtained by means other than commercial sale, authors will be asked to indicate that they have been obtained by means approved by the appropriate ethical committees (e.g. IRB) related to the institution(s) in which it was performed. In addition, authors will need to include a statement regarding approval and accordance in the Methods section of the manuscript.

Finally, the authors will be asked to declare all conflicts of interest relevant to their manuscript in a Conflict of Interest statement that must appear within the manuscript. In addition, authors will submit a Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest Form with their manuscript at the time of initial submission to the BMES journal.

The Editor reserves the right to retract any published manuscript that is subsequently determined to involve a violation of one of the publication standards set forth above.

BMES Journals Code of Publications Ethics, adopted by BMES October, 2010

Open Choice

Open Choice allows you to publish open access in more than 1850 Springer Nature journals, making your research more visible and accessible immediately on publication.

Article processing charges (APCs) vary by journal – view the full list

Benefits:

  • Increased researcher engagement: Open Choice enables access by anyone with an internet connection, immediately on publication.
  • Higher visibility and impact: In Springer hybrid journals, OA articles are accessed 4 times more often on average, and cited 1.7 more times on average*.

  • Easy compliance with funder and institutional mandates: Many funders require open access publishing, and some take compliance into account when assessing future grant applications.

It is easy to find funding to support open access – please see our funding and support pages for more information.

*) Within the first three years of publication. Springer Nature hybrid journal OA impact analysis, 2018.

Open Choice

Funding and Support pages

Copyright and license term – CC BY

Open Choice articles do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) agree to publish the article under the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Find more about the license agreement

Conflict of Interest

When authors submit a manuscript they are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interests, patent-licensing arrangements). The journal abides by the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Information is available at: http://www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf Authors are required to complete a ICMJE uniform disclosure form (PDF format) on behalf of all authors available at the above web site and submit the disclosure form at the time of article submission.

Published articles must include a separate Conflicts of Interest section to appear before the Acknowledgments that indicates the nature of the conflict, if any. Example Conflict of Interest statements are provided below, but are not exclusive of other statements,

• No benefits in any form have been or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript.

• The author(s, provide initials) has/have received or will receive benefits for personal or professional use from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript.

• The author(s, provide initials) has/have received or will receive benefits for personal or professional use from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript. Benefits have been or will be directed to a research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other nonprofit organization with which one or more of the author(s) is/are associated.

http://www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf

Research Data Policy

This journal operates a type 1 research data policy. The journal encourages authors, where possible and applicable, to deposit data that support the findings of their research in a public repository. Authors and editors who do not have a preferred repository should consult Springer Nature’s list of repositories and research data policy.

List of Repositories

Research Data Policy

General repositories - for all types of research data - such as figshare and Dryad may also be used.

Datasets that are assigned digital object identifiers (DOIs) by a data repository may be cited in the reference list. Data citations should include the minimum information recommended by DataCite: authors, title, publisher (repository name), identifier.

DataCite

If the journal that you’re submitting to uses double-blind peer review and you are providing reviewers with access to your data (for example via a repository link, supplementary information or data on request), it is strongly suggested that the authorship in the data is also blinded. There are data repositories that can assist with this and/or will create a link to mask the authorship of your data.

Authors who need help understanding our data sharing policies, help finding a suitable data repository, or help organising and sharing research data can access our Author Support portal for additional guidance.

Citation Diversity Statement

The inclusion of a citation diversity statement has been proposed to increase awareness and help correct citation imbalances. These statements should include the proportion of references cited by gender and/or race and ethnicity and appear directly before the reference list. Citation diversity statements serve two purposes. First, by analyzing the authorship of papers included in their reference list, authors may attempt to improve their citation balance. Second, the statements can draw readers’ attention to the problem of citation imbalances and hopefully motivate them to re-evaluate their own work.

All BMES journals now encourage authors to include a citation diversity statement within their manuscripts to work towards correcting citation imbalances in BME literature. The citation diversity statement is not required, but its inclusion will benefit authors, readers, and researchers from underrepresented demographics within BME.

Given the current limitations of gender and race determinations, some authors may opt to not include a diversity statement. Alternatively, an abbreviated statement can reasonably be substituted for the full statement as outlined below.

The citation diversity statement should appear before the references in a manuscript. Its structure should include the following four parts: (1) the importance and motivation behind citation diversity, (2) the proportion of citations by gender and race/ethnicity for the first and last authors, (3) the method used to determine those proportions and its limitations, and (4) steps taken to by the authors to improve citation diversity in the article. The proportions of authors by gender should be divided into four categories based on first/last author combinations: woman/woman, man/woman, woman/man, and man/man. Race and ethnicity proportions should similarly be divided into four categories based on first/last author combinations: author of color/author of color, white author/author of color, author of color/white author, white author/white author. Please see the example below based on the references in this paper. We recognize that one limitation of the proposed method is that it cannot account for intersex, non-binary, and transgender people, or Indigenous and mixed-race authors. One example of software used to determine author proportions for gender and race/ethnicity can be found at https://zenodo.org/record/4104748#.X784zc1KiUm.

More information on the Citation Diversity Statement, and examples of full and abbreviated statements, as endorsed by the journals of BMES, can be found here:

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10439-021-02739-6

EndNote Template

Please find below a link to an EndNote Template courtesy of Dr. Azadeh Yadollahi, who created it and has generously given permission for anyone who wants to use it.

EndNote Template (Download zip, 2 kB)

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Japanese (日本語)

発表に備えて、論文を改善するにはどうすればよいでしょうか?

内容が適切に組み立てられ、質の高い英語で書かれた論文を投稿すれば、編集者や査読者が論文を理解し、公正に評価するための最善の機会となります。多くの研究者は、個別のサポートを受けることで、研究結果を可能な限り最高の形で発表できると思っています。Springer Nature Author Servicesのエキスパートが、英文の編集、建設的な提言、論文の書式、図の調整、翻訳など、論文の作成をサポートいたします。

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Korean (한국어)

게재를 위해 원고를 개선하려면 어떻게 해야 할까요?

여러분의 작품을 체계적인 원고로 발표하는 것은 편집자와 심사자가 여러분의 연구를 이해하고 공정하게 평가할 수 있는 최선의 기회를 제공합니다. 많은 연구자들은 어느 정도 독립적인 지원을 받는 것이 가능한 한 최선의 방법으로 자신의 결과를 발표하는 데 도움이 된다고 합니다. Springer Nature Author Services 전문가들은 영어 편집, 발전적인 논평, 원고 서식 지정, 그림 준비, 번역 등과 같은 원고 준비를 도와드릴 수 있습니다.

지금 시작하면 15% 할인됩니다.

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