Editors

The Official Journal of the Society of Surgical Oncology
The Official Journal of the American Society of Breast Surgeons



EDITOR ROSTER
Editor-in-Chief
Kelly M. McMasters, MD, PhD
Louisville, Kentucky

Executive Editor
Mark S. Roh, MD

Orlando, Florida

Senior Managing Editor
Deborah A. Whippen

 info@asoeditorial.org

Associate Editors - United States

Kirby I. Bland, MD
Birmingham, Alabama
Timothy J. Eberlein, MD
St.Louis, Missouri
Frederick L. Greene, MD
Charlotte, North Carolina
V. Suzanne Klimberg, MD, MSHCT
Galveston, TX
Fabrizio Mechelassi, MD
New York, New York
John E. Niederhuber, MD
Fairfax, Virginia
Nicholas J. Petrelli, MD
Newark, Delaware
Raphael E. Pollock, MD, PhD
Columbus, Ohio
William C. Wood, MD
Atlanta, Georgia


Associate Editors - International

Asia
Arthur K.C. Li, MD

Hong Kong, People's Republic of China

Europe
Markus W. Buchler, MD
Heidelberg, Germany
Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD
Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Latin America
Attila Csendes, MD

Santiago, Chile
Sergio Rodriguez-Cuevas, MD
Mexico City, Mexico
Jose Felix Patino, MD
Bogota, Colombia

Middle East/Africa
Clement Adebayo Adebamowo, MD

Ibadan, Nigeria
Joseph M. Klausner, MD
Tel Aviv, Israel

Deputy Editors

Kelly K. Hunt, MD
Houston, Texas
 
Lisa Newman, MD, MPH
New York, New York
Timothy M. Pawlik, MD
Columbus, Ohio
Mitchell C. Posner, MD
Chicago, Illinois
Kenneth K. Tanabe, MD
Boston, Massachusetts
Sandra L. Wong, MD
Hanover, New Hampshire

Emeritus Editor
Murray F. Brennan, MD
Edward M. Copeland III, MD




Founding and Emeritus Editor
Charles M. Balch, MD


The Society of Surgical Oncology
Chief Executive Officer
M. Eileen Widmer, CAE

Rosemont, Illinois

EDITORIAL BOARD SECTIONS 

Biostatistics
Jose Luiz Barbosa Bevilacqua
Lucas Goense
Alexia Iasonos
Lei Kou
Fang-Shu Ou
Arnold Stromberg
Gong Tang
Jiping Wang

Breast Oncology
Section Editor - Julie A. Margenthaler
Associate Section Editor - Mehra Golshan
Associate Section Editor - Shelley Hwang
Gretchen Ahrendt
Andrea Barrio
Richard J. Bleicher
Ari Brooks
Suzanne Coopey
Jill Dietz
Oluwadamilola ‘‘Lola’’ Fayanju
Carla Fisher
Mary L. Gemignani
Caprice C. Greenberg
Rachel Greenup
Marissa Howard-McNatt
Jacqueline Jeruss
Mark C. Kelley
Brigid Killelea
Tari King
Swati Kulkarni
Christine Laronga
Sarah McLaughlin
Seijo Nakamura
Jennifer Plichta
Roshni Rao
Monica Rizzo
Ronda Henry-Tillman
Isabel Rubio
Maria Louisa Smidt
Kazuaki Takabe
Julia Tchou
Katherine Yao

Colorectal Cancer
Section Editor - Martin R. Weiser
Associate Section Editor -Miguel Rodriguez-Bigas
Glen C. Balch
Geerard Beets
Wim Ceelen
George Chang
Fergal Fleming
James Fleshman
Imran Hassan
Alexander G. Heriot
Tsuyoshi Konishi
Mary Kwaan
Najjia Mahmoud
Nelya Melnitchouk
Amit Merchea
Giuseppe Nigri
Ashwani Rajput
Campbell S. Roxburgh
Elin Sigurdson
Hidekazu Takahashi

Endocrine Tumors 
Section Editor – Carmen Solórzano
Associate Section Editor - Electron Kebebew
Paxton V. Dickson
Alexandra Gangi
Melanie Goldfarb
James Howe
Rachel Kelz
Lawrence Kim
John I. Lew
Naris Nilubol
Sareh Parangi
Kepal Patel
Jennifer Rosen
Randall P. Scheri

Gastrointestinal Oncology
Section Editor - Charles Staley
Associate Section Editor - Shishir Maithel
Waddah B. Al-Refaie
Toru Aoyama
Brian Badgwell
Ronald DeMatteo
Aslam Ejaz
Csaba Gajdos
Sabha Ganai
Travis E. Grotz
Naoki Hiki
Noh Sung Hoon
Michael House
Naruhiko Ikoma
Xavier M. Keutgen
John T. Plukker
Ulysses Ribeiro, Jr.
Robert E. Roses
Maheswari Senthil
Malcolm Hart Squires
Vivian Strong

Global Health Services Research
Section Editor - Chandra Are
Associate Section Editor - Fabian Johnston
Riccardo Audisio
Lesly Dossett
Michael Egger
Elizabeth Habermann
Alex Haynes
Kamran Idrees
Ismail Jatoi
T. Peter Kingham
Hector Martinez-Said
Paul J. Mosca
Samilia Obeng-Gyasi
Juan Sanabria
Todd M. Tuttle

Gynecologic Oncology
Section Editor - Nadeem Abu-Rustum
Robert W. Holloway
Mario Leitao
Yukio Sonoda
Stephanie L. Wethington

Head and Neck Oncology
Section Editor - Baran Sumer
Patrick Ha
Stephen Kang
Luiz Paulo Kowalski
Ashok R. Shaha

Hepatobiliary Tumors
Section Editor - Timothy M. Pawlik
Associate Section Editor - Sharon Weber
Federico Natalio Aucejo
Chad Ball
David Bentrem
Jordan Cloyd
Felipe José Fernández Coimbra
Claudius Conrad
Hidetoshi Eguchi
Ryan C. Fields
Timothy Louis Fitzgerald
Clark Gamblin
Julie Hallet
Ho-Seong Han
Robert C.G. Martin
Nader N. Massarweh
Graeme Poston
Ismael Dominguez Rosado
Teviah Erik Sachs
Carl Schmidt
Feng Shen
Francis Robert Spitz
Keishi Sugimachi
Georgios Tsoulfas
Alan Tsung
Alice C. Wei
Yoo-Seok Yoon
Amer Zureikat

Melanoma
Section Editor - Charlotte Ariyan
Associate Section Editor - Douglas Tyler
Georgia Beasley
Russell Berman
Genevieve Boland
David Gyorki
Tina J. Hieken
James Jakub
David Ollila
John Thompson
Jonathan Zager

Multimedia
Section Editor - Stephen Grobmyer
Elliot A. Asare
David Y. Lee

Pancreatic Tumors
Section Editor - David Kooby
Associate Section Editor - Jennifer Tseng
Daniel Erik Abbott
Marc Besselink
Callisia Clarke
Marco Del Chiaro
Jin He
Melissa Hogg
Knut Jørgen Labori
Hari Nathan
Alexander Parikh
George Poultsides
Motaz Qadan
Flavio Rocha
Kjetil Søreide
Rebecca A. Snyder
Sarah P. Thayer
Charles Vollmer
Emily Winslow
Emmanuel Zervos

Pediatric Oncology
Section Editor - Andrea Hayes-Jordan
Andrew M. Davidoff
Peter Ehrlich
Kenneth W. Gow
Rebecka L. Meyers
Margarett Shnorhavorian

Peritoneal Surface Malignancies
Section Editor - Kiran Turaga
Associate Section Editor - Edward A. Levine
Joel Baumgartner
Lana Bijelic
Dan Blazer
Haroon Choudry
Sean Dineen
Jesus Esquival
Jason Foster
Diane Goéré
Chukwuemeka Ihemelandu
Laura Lambert
Ugwuji N. Maduekwe
Garrett Nash
Konstantinos I. Votanopoulos

Reconstructive Oncology
Section Editor - Charles E. Butler
Associate Section Editor - Ming-Huei Cheng
Brian Gastman
Debra J. Johnson
Clara Lee
Terence M. Myckatyn
Rogerio Izar Neves
Mark Schaverien
Alexander Varey

Sarcoma
Section Editor -Carol Swallow
Adam C. Berger
Brian Brigman
Ken Cardona
Jeffrey Farma
Marco Fiore
Rebecca Gladdy
Alex Gronchi
John T. Mullen
Carolyn Nessim
Christina Roland
Dirk Strauss
Keila Torres

Social Media
Section Editor - Deanna J. Attai
Associate Section Editor - Niraj Gusani
Associate Section Editor - Diane Radford

Thoracic Oncology
Section Editor - Andrew Chang
Associate Section Editor -
Christopher W. Seder
Justin Blasberg
Yin-Kai Chao
Jose Francisco Corona-Cruz
Claire Donohoe
Matthew Fox
Lucas Goense
Caroline Gronnier
Steve Hochwald
Madhabananda Kar
Basil S. Nasir
Takashi Ohtsuka
Meinoshin Okumura
Mohamed Rahouma
Janani Reisenauer
David D. Shersher
Sandra Starnes
Matthew Steliga
Monisha Sudarshan
Christopher W. Towe
Victor Van Berkel
Yogesh Vashist
Masayuki Watanabe
Stephanie Worrell
Sai Yendamuri

Translational Research
Section Editor - Nita Ahuja
Associate Section Editor - Masaki Mori
Zahraa Al-Hilli
Michael Bouvet
Brian Boone
Brian J. Czerniecki
Emmanuel M. Gabriel
Jonathan M. Hernandez
Cheng-Maw Ho
Young Ki Hong
Sajid A. Khan
Amanda Kirane
Nancy Klauber-DeMore
Michael Lowe
Ajay Maker
Katherine T. Morris
Mark Onaitis
Venu G. Pillarisetty
Luz Maria Rodriguez
Winan J. van Houdt
Heather Wachtel
Jennifer Wargo

Urologic Oncology
Section Editor - Jose Karam
Gustavo Franco Carvalhal
Simon P. Kim





-Advisory Boards-


Asian Pacific Advisory Board

Co-Chairs
Yuko Kitagawa, MD

Tokyo, Japan
Paul B.S. Lai, MD
Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
Members
King-Jen Chang, MD, PhD

Taipei, Taiwan
Ho-Seong Han, MD, MS, PhD
Seoul, Korea
Tadashi Ikeda, MD
Tokyo, Japan
Jianju Ji, MD, PhD, FACS
Beijing, China
Seon-Hahn Kim, MD, PhD
Seoul, Korea
Yoshihiko Maehara, MD, PhD, FACS
Fukuoka, Japan
Masaki Mori, MD, PhD, FACS
Beppu, Japan
E. Hemanth Raj, MD
Chennai, India
Zhi-Ming Shao, MD
Shanghai, China
John Thompson, MBBS, BSc(Med), MD, FRACS, FACS
North Sydney, Australia
Michiaki Unno, MD, PhD
Sendai, Japan
Yi-Long Wu, MD
Guangzhou, China
Zhao Yupei, MD
Beijing, China
Zheng-Gang Zhu, MD
Shanghai, China

Latin American Scientific Advisory Board

Co-Chairs
Hector Martinez-Said, MD
Mexico City, Mexico
Augusto R. Leon, MD
Santiago, Chile

Members
Julio Abugattas, MD

Lima, Peru
Ricardo Cesar Pinto Antunes, MD
Sao Paulo, Brazil
Jose Leon Duarte, MD
Asuncion, Paraguay
Antonio Andres Magoulas Perdicaris, MD
Sao Paulo, Brazil
Rogelio Martinez-Macias, MD
Mexico City, Mexico
Heriberto Medina-Franco, MD
Mexico City, Mexico
Luiz Antonio Negrao Dias, MD
Parana, Brazil
William Sanchez Maldonado, MD
Bogota, Columbia

Middle Eastern and European Advisory Board
Co-Chairs


Joseph Klausner, MD, FACS
Tel Aviv, Israel
Ulysses Odysses Zoras, MD, PhD, FACS
Crete, Greece

Members
Riccardo A. Audisio, MD, FRCS

St. Helens, United Kingdom
Bjorn Cedermark, MD, PhD
Stockholm, Sweden
Lev Demidov, MD, DSc
Moscow, Russia
Antonio M. Lacy Fortuny, MD
Barcelona, Spain
Harald J. Hoekstra, MD, PhD
Groninger, The Netherlands
Nicola Mozzillo, MD
Naples, Italy
Emile J. Th. Rutgers, MD, PhD, FRCS
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Peter M. Schlag, MD, PhD, FSSO
Berlin, Germany
Cornelis van de Velde, MD, PhD
Leiden, The Netherlands
Juergen Weitz, MD
Dresden, Germany