- Instructions for Authors
- Certification Form
- Integrity of Research and Reporting
- Conflict of Interest
- Pathological Studies
- Manuscript Categories
- Manuscript Submission via Editorial Manager
- Author Accounts
- Getting Started
- Uploading Files
- Keeping Track
- Preparation of Manuscripts
- LaTeX and Online Submission
- Online First
- All correspondence should be sent to:
- Artwork Guidelines
- Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
- Authorship principles
- Open access publishing
Instructions for Authors
Original written work will be accepted only with the understanding that it is being contributed solely to the Journal of Medical Ultrasonics.
Manuscripts are accepted for consideration with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere except in abstract form and are not concurrently under review for any other publication.
Papers with subject matter that corresponds to all of the following as compared with a paper published previously or a similar paper currently under submission elsewhere shall be considered a duplicate submission:
1. The subject is basically the same.
2. The method is the same.
3. There are no new results/discussion.
Note that submission of a similar paper shall be regarded as a duplicate submission even if the previously published paper or paper currently under submission elsewhere is in another language.
However, this does not apply to a "translated paper" designated by the JSUM Editorial Committee.
All authors must transfer ownership of accepted articles to the Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine (JSUM).
The Certification Form signed by all authors must be received by the Editorial Office prior to the start of the manuscript review process. In the Certification Form, authors must disclose any financial or personal relationships that may pose conflict of interest.
The form is printed at the end of each issue. It is also available at: http://www.springer.com/10396. A scanned file (PDF, TIFF, or JPEG) of the original signed form may be uploaded as a file at the time of online submission.
Integrity of Research and Reporting
The Journal of Medical Ultrasonics has adopted the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts (URM) established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org/). The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the below-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the below-mentioned requirements.
Human rights statements and informed consent
For studies with human subjects, include the following statement before the References section:
• All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions.
Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.
If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
Authors are responsible for making sure that patients cannot be identified based on information included in the main text, figures, and tables. Compliance with the guidelines for "Prohibited information" and "Permitted information" summarized below is mandatory.
- Patient names and initials
- IDs (individual numbers)
- Patient addresses
- Department names and institution names and their locations that could identify patients when collated with other information
- Biopsy and autopsy numbers and image information, etc., that could identify patients
- Age: Denote age by decade of life (e.g., 20s, 30s, 40s) when the exact age could identify a patient if collated with other personal information.
- Examination-related dates should include only the month and year.
- Photographs of faces must have the eyes concealed or be otherwise masked so that patients cannot be identified.
Any data that might identify patients should not be published unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. If any identifying information about patients is included in the article, the following sentence should also be included:
• Additional informed consent was obtained from all patients for which identifying information is included in this article.
For studies with animals, include the following sentence before the References section:
• All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.
For articles that do not contain studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors, while it is not absolutely necessary, we recommend to include the following sentence, just to make sure that readers are aware that there are no ethical issues with human or animal subjects:
• This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Conflict of Interest
When authors submit a manuscript, they are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work. To prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist. Each author must complete and submit a Conflict of interest form, and the corresponding author should submit all the Conflict of interest forms when submitting a manuscript. This form can be obtained from http://www.icmje.org/coi_instructions.html . Each author must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with any organization that sponsored the research, or is associated with any product or procedure that is mentioned in the article. For each source of funds, both the research funder and the grant number should be given.
Conflict of interest statements should be present on every manuscript before the References section. The statements should list each author separately by name. Sample wording is as follows:
• John Smith declares that he has no conflict of interest.
• Paula Taylor has received research grants from Drug Company A.
• Mike Schultz has received a speaker honorarium from Drug Company B and owns stock in Drug Company C.
If multiple authors declare no conflict, this can be done in one sentence:
• John Smith, Paula Taylor, and Mike Schultz declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Upon receipt of the certification form and COI form, manuscripts are officially recognized as submissions.
If your paper includes pathological findings, you should have it checked by a pathologist or clinician well versed in pathology.
The journal publishes review articles, original articles, images, and letters to the editor. The manuscript category should be indicated on the first page of the manuscript.
For reporting on recent research and topics. Manuscripts will be subject to the regular review process. Word/figure/table limit: 1) abstract (unstructured): not more than 250 words 2) text (maximum 6,000 words not including references), 3) references (maximum 150), 4) figures/tables (at least one).
For reporting new findings. Word/figure/table limit: 1) abstract: not more than 250 words 2) text (maximum 6,000 words including references), 3) figures (no more than seven), . 4) tables (no more than seven). Figures/tables exceeding the limit should be submitted as Electronic Supplementary Material.
Ultrasonographic images that illustrate important findings of special interest on a particular subject or a case study. Images may be published at the discretion of the editor. The maximum number of authors should be seven. Articles should have the following format: 1) title page, 2) text (maximum 400 words), 3) references (maximum five), 4) figure (maximum one), and 5) figure caption.
Letters to the editor:
Letters asking a question or expressing an opinion about an article recently published in the journal. A copy of the letter will be sent to the previous article’s author(s) to invite a response. Length must not exceed 400 words.
Manuscript Submission via Editorial Manager
Authors should submit their manuscripts to the Journal of Medical Ultrasonics online. Please log in directly at:
http://jomu.edmgr.com/ and upload your manuscript following the instructions given.
Please use the Help option to see the most recently updated system requirements.
Authors entering the journal’s Editorial Manager site can either create a new account or use an existing one.
If you have an existing account, use it for all your submissions; you can track their status on the same page. If you have forgotten your username and password, please click on the link “Send Username/Password” and enter your email address. You will then receive an automatic email with your username and password.
Once you have logged into your account, Editorial Manager will lead you through the submission process in an orderly, step-by-step process.
If you cannot finish your submission in one visit, you can save a draft and re-enter the process later at the same point for that manuscript.
While submitting your electronic manuscript, you will be required to enter data about your manuscript into the system. These include a full title, author names and affiliations, and so forth, as listed below under Preparation of Manuscript. Support for special characters is available.
At any point during this process, there are Help buttons available for frequently asked questions.
Text: Texts of articles should be uploaded in rich text format (.rtf) or as Microsoft Word documents (.doc).
LaTeX is also acceptable.
LaTeX: The electronic version should include the original source (including all style files and figures)
and a PostScript version of the compiled submission. Authors who prepare their papers with LaTeX are encouraged to use the Springer macro package, available at http://www.springer.com/10396
Tables: Use the table functions of your word-processing program, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
Tables may be uploaded separately from the main document or inserted into the main document.
Figures: Common graphic files such as EPS, TIFF, GIF, and JPEG are supported.
Please submit all of your artwork in an electronic format according to Artwork Guidelines described below in these instructions.
After uploading the parts of the article in this manner, the system will convert the files to PDF format.
You can view the result of the conversion with Adobe Reader. You will also be notified by email that your submission is successful.
At any point during this process, there are Help buttons available to see frequently asked questions.
If the total size of the files exceeds the file volume (20 MB) for online submission, reduce the resolution of large files for initial submission.
In those cases, you may be requested to provide figures/ llustrations of sufficient quality for printing afteracceptance.
After submission, you may return periodically and monitor the progress of your submission through the review process. Manuscripts that have been sent back by the editorial office will be withdrawn if there is no response to the reminder email after 60 days have elapsed.
Preparation of Manuscripts
The manuscript must be submitted in English, typed single-spaced with wide margins throughout. “Times” is the preferable type font. Place the first author’s name and page number in the upper right corner of each page.
Authors who are not fluent in English must seek the assistance of a colleague who is a native English speaker and is familiar with the field of the work.
The pages should be numbered consecutively, starting with the title page.
Manuscripts should be organized in the order indicated below, with each component beginning at the top of a new page.
Title Page: Page 1 should include (a) the title of the article (with no abbreviations, as a rule); (b) the authors’ full names (given name and surname) listed in descending order of their contribution to the entire work; (c) the designation of a corresponding author; (d) all authors’ affiliations, including the name of the institution or organization, city, and country where the work was done. The corresponding author’s affiliation should also include a full mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and email address.
Authors are requested, in principle, to limit the number of authors (first author and coauthors) for their papers to a maximum of 10.
Any exception to this guideline must be approved by the Editorial Office after receiving a report on the contribution of each author of the article.
Abstract and Keywords: The abstract should consist of no more than 250 words.
The abstract should state the purpose of the study, basic procedures, most important findings, and principal conclusions, with an emphasis on the new aspects of the study.
For original articles, the abstract must have the following subheadings: Purpose, Methods, Results, Conclusion. For all other types of articles, the abstract should consist of one paragraph without subheadings. Following the abstract, a maximum of five keywords should be listed. For sample keywords, see recent issues of the journal or the keywords used in Index Medicus.
Text: The text should begin with an Introduction, followed by Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, acknowledgments, Ethical statements, Conflict of Interest, references, appendices, figure legends, and tables.
Appendices must be cited in the text. The Introduction should explain the significance of the work being reported and the purpose of the study. Results should be stated clearly and concisely and should not repeat information contained in other sections. The Discussion should, if possible, contrast the work reported with other published reports, and should point out the originality of the work.
Conflict of Interest: Authors must disclose any financial or personal relationships that may pose conflict of interest. All disclosures should be inserted by the author in the “Conflict of Interest”, which should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. For full details regarding Conflict of Interest, see the instructions and examples given above.
References: The list of References should include only works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Works that have been submitted for publication but not yet accepted cannot be listed in References but may be cited in parentheses in the text as unpublished works.
References should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text and listed in numerical order.
Journal titles should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus.
References should be cited in the text using numbers in square brackets on the line, e.g., Ames et al.  reported…
References should be styled as follows.
1) Komatsuda T, Ishida H, Konno K, et al.
Intestinal congestion associated with protein C deficiency syndrome: a case report. J Med Ultrasonics.
2) Sumino Y, Kanda R, Takamizawa K, et al.
Basic investigation of the relationship between the quality of Bmode imaging and the propagation time of the pulse experienced in examination of the human abdominal
wall specimen. Jpn J Med Ultrasonics.
Journal article by DOI
3)Yamamoto A, Yamakoshi Y, Ohsawa T, et al. Shear wave velocity measurement of upper trapezius muscle by color Doppler shear wave imaging. J Med Ultrasonics. 2017. doi:10.1007/s10396-017-0803-8.
Books and chapters in books
4) Morson BC. Color atlas of gastrointestinal pathology. Oxford: Harvey Miller; 1988. p. 242–9.
5) Jones CJH, Sugawara M, Davies RH, et al.
Arterial wave intensity: physical meaning and physiological significance. In: Hosoda S,Yaginuma T, Sugawara M, et al., editors. Recent progress in cardiovascular mechanics. Chur (Switzerland): Harwood Academic; 1994. p. 129–48.
Journal article on the Internet
6) Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs. [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.].
Part of a homepage/Web site
7) American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995–2002
[updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12].
AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from:
Figures: All figures should be cited in order in the text and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals throughout. Check the figure number limit at “Manuscript Categories”. A figure with multiple parts/panels should be counted as one figure, and the parts/panels should be identified by lowercase roman letters (a, b, etc.).
A brief descriptive legend should be provided for each figure: legends are part of the text and should be appended to it on a separate page. The publisher reserves the right to reduce or enlarge illustrations used in figures.
Page Charge: No handling fees are charged for publication of manuscripts.
Color illustrations will be accepted at no additional cost; however, the Editors reserve the right to print them in black and white.
LaTeX and Online Submission
All source files you upload in the online submission system will be automatically compiled into a single PDF file to be approved by you at the end of the submission process. While the compiled PDF will be used for peer-review purposes, your uploaded source files will be transferred to the publisher for publication upon acceptance.
Please do not use subfolders for your LaTeX submission, e.g. for figures or bibliographic files. Further tips for uploading and compiling your LaTeX submission can be found on the Springer Nature LaTeX Support hub and http://www.editorialmanager.de/pdf/latex/.
All original data files are converted to our journal style with the standard layout for Online First publication (described below) in PDF and should be proofread carefully by the author.
Authors are informed by e-mail that a temporary URL has been created from which they can obtain their proofs. The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results,
corrected values, title, and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor.
The final decision on the revision of the proof rests with the Editor-in-Chief, not the author.
The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs.
This is the official first publication citable with the Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
After release of the printed version, the article can also be cited by issue and page numbers.
After online publication, further changes can be made only in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.
All correspondence should be sent to:
The Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine Ochanomizu Center Building, 6th floor
2-23-1 Kanda-Awajicho, Chiyoda, Tokyo 101-0063, Japan
Electronic Figure Submission:
Supply all figures electronically.
Figures must be of high enough quality at the time of submission that they can be published with no revision at later stages of the publication process.
Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.
For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIFF format.
Use of double-byte characters should be avoided.
Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
Name your figure files with “Fig” and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.
Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.
Do not use faint lines and/or lettering, and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.
Line drawings should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.
Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
Definition: Photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.
If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
Definition: a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color
Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.
Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).
To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans-serif) fonts.
Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2–3 mm (8–12 pt).
Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
Do not include titles or captions in your illustrations.
Figure Placement and Size:
When preparing your figures, size figures to fit within the column width.
Figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.
Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation is helped by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include*:
- The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
- The submitted work should be original and should not have been published elsewhere in any form or language (partially or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work. (Please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the concerns about text-recycling (‘self-plagiarism’).
- A single study should not be split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (i.e. ‘salami-slicing/publishing’).
- Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.
- Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation (including image based manipulation). Authors should adhere to discipline-specific rules for acquiring, selecting and processing data.
- No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (‘plagiarism’). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks (to indicate words taken from another source) are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions secured for material that is copyrighted.
Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
- Authors should make sure they have permissions for the use of software, questionnaires/(web) surveys and scales in their studies (if appropriate).
- Research articles and non-research articles (e.g. Opinion, Review, and Commentary articles) must cite appropriate and relevant literature in support of the claims made. Excessive and inappropriate self-citation or coordinated efforts among several authors to collectively self-cite is strongly discouraged.
- Authors should avoid untrue statements about an entity (who can be an individual person or a company) or descriptions of their behavior or actions that could potentially be seen as personal attacks or allegations about that person.
- Research that may be misapplied to pose a threat to public health or national security should be clearly identified in the manuscript (e.g. dual use of research). Examples include creation of harmful consequences of biological agents or toxins, disruption of immunity of vaccines, unusual hazards in the use of chemicals, weaponization of research/technology (amongst others).
- Authors are strongly advised to ensure the author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors are all correct at submission. Adding and/or deleting authors during the revision stages is generally not permitted, but in some cases may be warranted. Reasons for changes in authorship should be explained in detail. Please note that changes to authorship cannot be made after acceptance of a manuscript.
*All of the above are guidelines and authors need to make sure to respect third parties rights such as copyright and/or moral rights.
Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results presented. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential or proprietary data is excluded.
If there is suspicion of misbehavior or alleged fraud the Journal and/or Publisher will carry out an investigation following COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, there are valid concerns, the author(s) concerned will be contacted under their given e-mail address and given an opportunity to address the issue. Depending on the situation, this may result in the Journal’s and/or Publisher’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
- If the manuscript is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
- If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction:
- an erratum/correction may be placed with the article
- an expression of concern may be placed with the article
- or in severe cases retraction of the article may occur.
The reason will be given in the published erratum/correction, expression of concern or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the article is maintained on the platform, watermarked “retracted” and the explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
- The author’s institution may be informed
- A notice of suspected transgression of ethical standards in the peer review system may be included as part of the author’s and article’s bibliographic record.
Authors have an obligation to correct mistakes once they discover a significant error or inaccuracy in their published article. The author(s) is/are requested to contact the journal and explain in what sense the error is impacting the article. A decision on how to correct the literature will depend on the nature of the error. This may be a correction or retraction. The retraction note should provide transparency which parts of the article are impacted by the error.
Suggesting / excluding reviewers
Authors are welcome to suggest suitable reviewers and/or request the exclusion of certain individuals when they submit their manuscripts. When suggesting reviewers, authors should make sure they are totally independent and not connected to the work in any way. It is strongly recommended to suggest a mix of reviewers from different countries and different institutions. When suggesting reviewers, the Corresponding Author must provide an institutional email address for each suggested reviewer, or, if this is not possible to include other means of verifying the identity such as a link to a personal homepage, a link to the publication record or a researcher or author ID in the submission letter. Please note that the Journal may not use the suggestions, but suggestions are appreciated and may help facilitate the peer review process.
These guidelines describe authorship principles and good authorship practices to which prospective authors should adhere to.
The Journal and Publisher assume all authors agreed with the content and that all gave explicit consent to submit and that they obtained consent from the responsible authorities at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
The Publisher does not prescribe the kinds of contributions that warrant authorship. It is recommended that authors adhere to the guidelines for authorship that are applicable in their specific research field. In absence of specific guidelines it is recommended to adhere to the following guidelines*:
All authors whose names appear on the submission
1) made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work;
2) drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content;
3) approved the version to be published; and
4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
* Based on/adapted from:
Disclosures and declarations
All authors are requested to include information regarding sources of funding, financial or non-financial interests, study-specific approval by the appropriate ethics committee for research involving humans and/or animals, informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals (as appropriate).
The decision whether such information should be included is not only dependent on the scope of the journal, but also the scope of the article. Work submitted for publication may have implications for public health or general welfare and in those cases it is the responsibility of all authors to include the appropriate disclosures and declarations.
All authors are requested to make sure that all data and materials as well as software application or custom code support their published claims and comply with field standards. Please note that journals may have individual policies on (sharing) research data in concordance with disciplinary norms and expectations.
Role of the Corresponding Author
One author is assigned as Corresponding Author and acts on behalf of all co-authors and ensures that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately addressed.
The Corresponding Author is responsible for the following requirements:
- ensuring that all listed authors have approved the manuscript before submission, including the names and order of authors;
- managing all communication between the Journal and all co-authors, before and after publication;*
- providing transparency on re-use of material and mention any unpublished material (for example manuscripts in press) included in the manuscript in a cover letter to the Editor;
- making sure disclosures, declarations and transparency on data statements from all authors are included in the manuscript as appropriate (see above).
* The requirement of managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors during submission and proofing may be delegated to a Contact or Submitting Author. In this case please make sure the Corresponding Author is clearly indicated in the manuscript.
In absence of specific instructions and in research fields where it is possible to describe discrete efforts, the Publisher recommends authors to include contribution statements in the work that specifies the contribution of every author in order to promote transparency. These contributions should be listed at the separate title page.
Examples of such statement(s) are shown below:
• Free text:
All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by [full name], [full name] and [full name]. The first draft of the manuscript was written by [full name] and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
• Conceptualization: [full name], …; Methodology: [full name], …; Formal analysis and investigation: [full name], …; Writing - original draft preparation: [full name, …]; Writing - review and editing: [full name], …; Funding acquisition: [full name], …; Resources: [full name], …; Supervision: [full name],….
For review articles where discrete statements are less applicable a statement should be included who had the idea for the article, who performed the literature search and data analysis, and who drafted and/or critically revised the work.
For articles that are based primarily on the student’s dissertation or thesis, it is recommended that the student is usually listed as principal author:
The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved, the current address may additionally be stated. Addresses will not be updated or changed after publication of the article.
Changes to authorship
Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship by adding or deleting authors, and/or changes in Corresponding Author, and/or changes in the sequence of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
- Please note that author names will be published exactly as they appear on the accepted submission!
Please make sure that the names of all authors are present and correctly spelled, and that addresses and affiliations are current.
Adding and/or deleting authors at revision stage are generally not permitted, but in some cases it may be warranted. Reasons for these changes in authorship should be explained. Approval of the change during revision is at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. Please note that journals may have individual policies on adding and/or deleting authors during revision stage.
Authors are recommended to use their ORCID ID when submitting an article for consideration or acquire an ORCID ID via the submission process.
Deceased or incapacitated authors
For cases in which a co-author dies or is incapacitated during the writing, submission, or peer-review process, and the co-authors feel it is appropriate to include the author, co-authors should obtain approval from a (legal) representative which could be a direct relative.
Authorship issues or disputes
In the case of an authorship dispute during peer review or after acceptance and publication, the Journal will not be in a position to investigate or adjudicate. Authors will be asked to resolve the dispute themselves. If they are unable the Journal reserves the right to withdraw a manuscript from the editorial process or in case of a published paper raise the issue with the authors’ institution(s) and abide by its guidelines.
Authors should treat all communication with the Journal as confidential which includes correspondence with direct representatives from the Journal such as Editors-in-Chief and/or Handling Editors and reviewers’ reports unless explicit consent has been received to share information.