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History of Computing
cover

Automating Linguistics

Authors: Léon, Jacqueline

  • Automation-mathematisation of the language sciences
    Comparative study
    History of natural language processing
    History of machine translation, natural language processing and automatic discourse analysis in France
    Methods by intermediary languages for machine translation

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  • ISBN 978-3-030-70642-5
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Hardcover 35,00 €
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  • ISBN 978-3-030-70641-8
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About this book

Automating Linguistics offers an in-depth study of the history of the mathematisation and automation of the sciences of language. In the wake of the first mathematisation of the 1930s, two waves followed: machine translation in the 1950s and the development of computational linguistics and natural language processing in the 1960s. These waves were pivotal given the work of large computerised corpora in the 1990s and the unprecedented technological development of computers and software.Early machine translation was devised as a war technology originating in the sciences of war, amidst the amalgamate of mathematics, physics, logics, neurosciences, acoustics, and emerging sciences such as cybernetics and information theory. Machine translation was intended to provide mass translations for strategic purposes during the Cold War. Linguistics, in turn, did not belong to the sciences of war, and played a minor role in the pioneering projects of machine translation.Comparing the two trends, the present book reveals how the sciences of language gradually integrated the technologies of computing and software, resulting in the second-wave mathematisation of the study of language, which may be called mathematisation-automation. The integration took on various shapes contingent upon cultural and linguistic traditions (USA, ex-USSR, Great Britain and France). By contrast, working with large corpora in the 1990s, though enabled by unprecedented development of computing and software, was primarily a continuation of traditional approaches in the sciences of language sciences, such as the study of spoken and written texts, lexicography, and statistical studies of vocabulary.

About the authors

Jacqueline Léon is a senior researcher emeritus at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in France. After several years working on natural language processing for discourse analysis, her research concerned conversation analysis and the history of dialogue theories. Since 1992, she has been working at the Laboratoire d’Histoire des Théories Linguistiques (CNRS, Université de Paris) on the history and epistemology of contemporary language sciences.

Table of contents (11 chapters)

Table of contents (11 chapters)
  • Introduction

    Pages 1-6

    Léon, Jacqueline

  • Machine Translation as Technology of War

    Pages 7-20

    Léon, Jacqueline

  • The War Effort, the Technologisation of Linguistics and the Emergence of Applied Linguistics

    Pages 21-30

    Léon, Jacqueline

  • The Computational Turn and Formalisation in Neo-Bloomfieldian Distributionalism

    Pages 31-48

    Léon, Jacqueline

  • Information Theory: Transfer of Terms, Concepts and Methods

    Pages 49-67

    Léon, Jacqueline

Buy this book

eBook 28,88 €
price for India (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-70642-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover 35,00 €
price for India (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-70641-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Institutional customers should get in touch with their account manager
  • Covid-19 shipping restrictions
  • Usually ready to be dispatched within 3 to 5 business days, if in stock
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Automating Linguistics
Authors
Series Title
History of Computing
Copyright
2021
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-030-70642-5
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-70642-5
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-030-70641-8
Series ISSN
2190-6831
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XV, 179
Number of Illustrations
18 b/w illustrations
Topics