Living Reviews in Relativity: "Rotating stars in relativity" (Update)

© SpringerPaschalidis, V. & Stergioulas, N., "Rotating stars in relativity", Living Rev Relativ (2017) 20: 7.

Open Access | Review Article

First Online: 29 November 2017

This article is a revised version of


Rotating relativistic stars have been studied extensively in recent years, both theoretically and observationally, because of the information they might yield about the equation of state of matter at extremely high densities and because they are considered to be promising sources of gravitational waves. The latest theoretical understanding of rotating stars in relativity is reviewed in this updated article. The sections on equilibrium properties and on nonaxisymmetric oscillations and instabilities in f-modes and r-modes have been updated. Several new sections have been added on equilibria in modified theories of gravity, approximate universal relationships, the one-arm spiral instability, on analytic solutions for the exterior spacetime, rotating stars in LMXBs, rotating strange stars, and on rotating stars in numerical relativity including both hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic studies of these objects.


The article has been substantially revised and updated. Expanded all sections, and moved former Subsect. 2.10 to Sect. 3. The number of references (now 863) has more than doubled.