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Population Studies of Japan

Convergence to Very Low Fertility in East Asia: Processes, Causes, and Implications

Authors: O.Tsuya, Noriko, Choe, Minja Kim, Feng, Wang

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  • Examines fertility declines in Japan, South Korea, and China, which are notable in their rapidity and magnitude 
  • Shows how rapid fertility declines in the three East Asian countries have resulted in extreme population aging and will result in rapid population shrinkage
  • Explains how the economic impacts of population aging and decline are profound and global as these countries produced nearly one-quarter of the world GDP in 2013
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eBook 41,64 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-4-431-55781-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover 51,99 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-4-431-55780-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
  • The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules
About this book

This book examines the trends, underlying factors, and policy implications of fertility declines in three East Asian countries: Japan, South Korea, and China. In contrast to Western countries that have also experienced fertility declines to below-replacement levels, fertility decline in these East Asian countries is most notable in its rapidity and sheer magnitude. After a rapid decline shortly after the war, in which fertility was halved in one decade from 4.5 children per woman in 1947 to 2.1 in 1957, Japan's fertility started to decline to below-replacement levels in the mid-1970s, reaching 1.3 per woman in the early 2000s. Korea experienced one of the most spectacular declines ever recorded, with fertility falling continuously from very high (6.0 per woman) to a below-replacement level (1.6 per woman) between the early 1960s and mid-1980s, reaching 1.1 per woman in 2005. Similarly, after a dramatic decline from very high to low levels in one decade from the early 1970s to early 1980s, China's fertility reached around 1.5 per woman by 2005. Despite differences in timing, tempo, and scale of fertility declines, dramatic fertility reductions have resulted in extremely rapid population aging and foreshadow a long-term population decline in all three countries. This monograph provides a systematic comparison of fertility transitions in these East Asian countries and discusses the economic, social, and cultural factors that may account for their similarities and differences. After an overview of cultural backgrounds, economic transformations, and the evolution of policies, the trends and age patterns of fertility are examined. The authors then investigate changes in women's marriage and childbearing within marriage, the two major direct determinants of fertility, followed by an analysis of the social and economic factors underlying fertility and nuptiality changes, such as education, women's employment, and gender relations at home. 

Table of contents (6 chapters)

Table of contents (6 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook 41,64 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-4-431-55781-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover 51,99 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-4-431-55780-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
  • The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Convergence to Very Low Fertility in East Asia: Processes, Causes, and Implications
Authors
Series Title
Population Studies of Japan
Copyright
2019
Publisher
Springer Japan
Copyright Holder
The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Japan KK
eBook ISBN
978-4-431-55781-4
DOI
10.1007/978-4-431-55781-4
Softcover ISBN
978-4-431-55780-7
Series ISSN
2198-2724
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XI, 66
Number of Illustrations
1 b/w illustrations, 6 illustrations in colour
Topics