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One Hundred Years of Chemical Warfare: Research, Deployment, Consequences

Editors: Friedrich, B., Hoffmann, D., Renn, J., Schmaltz, F., Wolf, M. (Eds.)

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  • ISBN 978-3-319-51664-6
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  • ISBN 978-3-319-51663-9
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About this book

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license.

On April 22, 1915, the German military released 150 tons of chlorine gas at Ypres, Belgium. Carried by a long-awaited wind, the chlorine cloud passed within a few minutes through the British and French trenches, leaving behind at least 1,000 dead and 4,000 injured. This chemical attack, which amounted to the first use of a weapon of mass destruction, marks a turning point in world history. The preparation as well as the execution of the gas attack was orchestrated by Fritz Haber, the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry in Berlin-Dahlem. During World War I, Haber transformed his research institute into a center for the development of chemical weapons (and of the means of protection against them).

Bretislav Friedrich and Martin Wolf (Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, the successor institution of Haber’s institute) together with Dieter Hoffmann, Jürgen Renn, and Florian Schmaltz (Max Planck Institute for the History of Science) organized an international symposium to commemorate the centenary of the infamous chemical attack. The symposium examined crucial facets of chemical warfare from the first research on and deployment of chemical weapons in WWI to the development and use of chemical warfare during the century hence. The focus was on scientific, ethical, legal, and political issues of chemical weapons research and deployment — including the issue of dual use — as well as the ongoing effort to control the possession of chemical weapons and to ultimately achieve their elimination.

The volume consists of papers presented at the symposium and supplemented by additional articles that together cover key aspects of chemical warfare from 22 April 1915 until the summer of 2015.

About the authors

  

Table of contents (22 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Renn, Jürgen

    Pages 1-8

  • The Scientist as Expert: Fritz Haber and German Chemical Warfare During the First World War and Beyond

    Szöllösi-Janze, Margit

    Pages 11-23

  • From Berlin-Dahlem to the Fronts of World War I: The Role of Fritz Haber and His Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in German Chemical Warfare

    Friedrich, Bretislav (et al.)

    Pages 25-44

  • Clara Immerwahr: A Life in the Shadow of Fritz Haber

    Friedrich, Bretislav (et al.)

    Pages 45-67

  • France’s Political and Military Reaction in the Aftermath of the First German Chemical Offensive in April 1915: The Road to Retaliation in Kind

    Lepick, Olivier

    Pages 69-76

Buy this book

eBook  
  • ISBN 978-3-319-51664-6
  • This book is an open access book, you can download it for free on link.springer.com
Hardcover 51,99 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-51663-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
  • The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
One Hundred Years of Chemical Warfare: Research, Deployment, Consequences
Editors
  • Bretislav Friedrich
  • Dieter Hoffmann
  • Jürgen Renn
  • Florian Schmaltz
  • Martin Wolf
Copyright
2017
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-51664-6
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-51664-6
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-51663-9
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XI, 408
Number of Illustrations
32 b/w illustrations, 11 illustrations in colour
Topics