Ecological Responses at Mount St. Helens: Revisited 35 years after the 1980 Eruption

Editors: Crisafulli, Charles M., Dale, Virginia H. (Eds.)

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  • Features authors who have studied ecological responses at Mount St. Helens since 1980
  • Considers both aquatic and terrestrials ecosystems, including physical conditions (geology, soils and water quality), plant recovery and reestablishment in key impact areas, and animal responses and reestablishment
  • Addresses general themes of recovery and resilience in each chapter
  • Compares the ecological responses at Mount St. Helens to other volcanoes and the anticipated future for this complex ecosystem
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eBook 66,99 €
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  • ISBN 978-1-4939-7451-1
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  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase and usable on all devices
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Hardcover 83,19 €
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Softcover 83,19 €
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About this book

This book builds on existing work exploring succession, disturbance ecology, and the interface between geophysical and biological systems in the aftermath of the 1980 eruptions of Mount St. Helens. The eruption was dramatic both in the spatial extent of impacts and the range of volcanic disturbance types and intensities. Complex geophysical forces created unparalleled opportunities to study initial ecological responses and long-term succession processes that occur in response to a major contemporary eruption across a great diversity of ecosystems—lowland to alpine forests, meadows, lakes, streams, and rivers. These factors make Mount St. Helens an extremely rich environment for learning about the ecology of volcanic areas and, more generally, about ecosystem response to major disturbance of many types, including land management. Lessons about ecological recovery at Mount St. Helens are shaping thought about succession, disturbance ecology, ecosystem management, and landscape ecology.

In the first five years after the eruption several syntheses documented the numerous, intensive studies of ecological recovery. The 2005 volume “Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens” (Springer Publishing) was the first ecological synthesis since 1987 of the scores of ecological studies underway in the area. More than half of the world’s published studies on plant and animal responses to volcanic eruptions have taken place at Mount St. Helens. The 25-year synthesis, which generally included investigations (i.e., data) from 1980-2000, made it possible to more thoroughly analyze initial stages of ecological responses and to test the validity of early interpretations and the duration of early phenomena. And 35 years after the eruption, it is time for many of the scientists working in the first three-decade, post-eruption period to pass the science baton to the next generation of scientists to work at Mount St. Helens, and

a synt

hesis a

t this

time of transfer of responsibility to a younger cohort of scientists will be an enormous asset to the continuation of work at the volcano.

About the authors

Charles M. Crisafulli is a Research Ecologist with the USDA, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. His primary research focuses on initial and longer-term ecological responses of organisms, in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, following explosive volcanism. From 1980 to present (2017) he has worked at Mount St. Helens and since 2008 he has annually conducted field research at several other contemporary eruption sites in Patagonia, Chile. His primary research themes are processes of succession and assembly of biological communities, and chiefly focus on small mammals, birds, amphibians and arthropods. He is currently engaged in expanding and testing the generality of lessons drawn from Mount St. Helens to volcanoes in other regions of the world such as South America, Asia, and Alaska, and more broadly to developing a global volcano ecology database to access the current state of the field and to develop science strategies for the future related to investig

ations of volcanically disturbed ecosystems.

Virginia H. Dale is a Corporate Fellow at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in east Tennessee. She was on the first team of biologists who entered the Red Zone at Mount St. Helens after the 1980 eruption and has been studying vegetation reestablishment there ever since. Her primary research interests are disturbance ecology, plant succession, land-use change, sustainability, and environmental decision making. She has served on national scientific advisory boards for five agencies of the United States and several committees of the National Academies of Science. She was among the members of the international science community that contributed to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Scientific Assessment that in 2007 received the Nobel Peace Prize. In 2013, she was recognized with the Distinguished Landscape Ecologist award by the United States Regional Association of the International

Associa

tion fo

r Landscape Ecology. Her current interest is in understanding risk and resilience in a changing world.

Table of contents (16 chapters)

Table of contents (16 chapters)
  • Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens: Key Lessons and Remaining Questions

    Pages 1-18

    Dale, Virginia H. (et al.)

  • Sediment Erosion and Delivery from Toutle River Basin After the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens: A 30-Year Perspective

    Pages 19-44

    Major, Jon J. (et al.)

  • Geomorphic Response of the Muddy River Basin to the 1980 Eruptions of Mount St. Helens, 1980–2000

    Pages 45-70

    Lisle, Thomas E. (et al.)

  • The New Spirit Lake: Changes to Hydrology, Nutrient Cycling, and Biological Productivity

    Pages 71-95

    Gawel, James E. (et al.)

  • Soil Carbon and Nitrogen and Evidence for Formation of Glomalin, a Recalcitrant Pool of Soil Organic Matter, in Developing Mount St. Helens Pyroclastic Substrates

    Pages 97-112

    Halvorson, Jonathan J. (et al.)

Buy this book

eBook 66,99 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4939-7451-1
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase and usable on all devices
  • Bulk discounts available
Hardcover 83,19 €
price for Spain (gross)
Softcover 83,19 €
price for Spain (gross)
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Ecological Responses at Mount St. Helens: Revisited 35 years after the 1980 Eruption
Editors
  • Charles M. Crisafulli
  • Virginia H. Dale
Copyright
2018
Publisher
Springer-Verlag New York
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media LLC
eBook ISBN
978-1-4939-7451-1
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4939-7451-1
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4939-7449-8
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4939-8489-3
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XV, 336
Number of Illustrations
60 b/w illustrations, 83 illustrations in colour
Topics