Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics

Editors: Bejan, Adrian, Merkx, Gilbert W. (Eds.)

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  • Combines for the first time theories of general physics and applies them to social sciences
  • Offers a new way to look at social phenomena as part of natural phenomena
  • A new domain of application of engineering such as thermodynamic optimization, thermoeconomics and "design as science"
  • Discusses how the "flow architectures" of natural sciences are also found in social situations
  • Both classes are covered by the same principle (the constructal law)
  • First work to show that the concept of "efficiency" of engineering has a home in physics and social sciences
  • The constructal law theory puts a scientific principle behind the major challenges of today and the future: sustainable development, energy sufficiency, equilibria between human settlements and environmental ecosystems, optimal allocation, optimal distribution of finite resources, etc.
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Hardcover 242,99 €
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Softcover 213,81 €
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  • ISBN 978-1-4419-4295-1
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About this book

Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics brings together for the first time social scientists and engineers to develop a predictive theory of social organization, as a conglomerate of mating flows that morph in time to flow more easily (people, goods, money, energy, information). These flows have objectives (e.g., minimization of effort, travel time, cost), and the objectives clash with global constraints (space, time, resources). The result is organization (flow architecture) derived from one principle of configuration evolution in time (the constructal law): "for a flow system to persist in time, its configuration must morph such that it provides easier access to its streams."

Constructal theory predicts animal design and geophysical flows, and makes evolution a part of physics. In the social sciences, there is substantial literature based on the use of optima to deduce social, population and economic dynamics. The constructal approach of this book links social sciences with physics, biology and engineering. The book explores the deterministic principle that generates a broad array of patterned phenomena, in demography, geography, communications, hierarchy, and multiple scales. Examples are the distribution of living settlements, the occurrence of flow structure inside each settlement, ‘development’ as the relation between fast-flowing societies and advancement and wealth, migration patterns, and globalization.

Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics is novel and important because it puts the occurrence of social organization on a scientific basis. It brings social organization under the same physics principle that accounts for the generation of flow architecture (design) in geophysical flows, animal design, and engineered flows. This exploratory work adds a dose of determinism to the modeling and predicting of societal flows.

Table of contents (17 chapters)

Table of contents (17 chapters)
  • The Constructal Law in Nature and Society

    Pages 1-33

    Bejan, Adrian

  • Constructal Models in Social Processes

    Pages 35-50

    Merkx, Gilbert W.

  • Tree Flow Networks in Urban Design

    Pages 51-70

    Lorente, Sylvie

  • Natural Flow Patterns and Structured People Dynamics: A Constructal View

    Pages 71-83

    Reis, A. Heitor

  • Constructal Pattern Formation in Nature, Pedestrian Motion, and Epidemics Propagation

    Pages 85-117

    Miguel, Antonio F.

Buy this book

eBook 166,59 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-0-387-47681-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover 242,99 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-0-387-47680-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
  • The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules
Softcover 213,81 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4419-4295-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
  • The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics
Editors
  • Adrian Bejan
  • Gilbert W. Merkx
Copyright
2007
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag US
eBook ISBN
978-0-387-47681-0
DOI
10.1007/978-0-387-47681-0
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-387-47680-3
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4419-4295-1
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVII, 350
Topics