Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery

Editors: Magnani, L., Nersessian, Nancy, Thagard, Paul (Eds.)

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About this book

The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the Interna­ tional Conference Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery (MBR'98), held at the Collegio Ghislieri, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy, in December 1998. The papers explore how scientific thinking uses models and explanatory reasoning to produce creative changes in theories and concepts. The study of diagnostic, visual, spatial, analogical, and temporal rea­ soning has demonstrated that there are many ways of performing intelligent and creative reasoning that cannot be described with the help only of tradi­ tional notions of reasoning such as classical logic. Traditional accounts of scientific reasoning have restricted the notion of reasoning primarily to de­ ductive and inductive arguments. Understanding the contribution of model­ ing practices to discovery and conceptual change in science requires ex­ panding scientific reasoning to include complex forms of creative reasoning that are not always successful and can lead to incorrect solutions. The study of these heuristic ways of reasoning is situated at the crossroads of philoso­ phy, artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and logic; that is, at the heart of cognitive science. There are several key ingredients common to the various forms of model­ based reasoning to be considered in this book. The models are intended as in­ terpretations of target physical systems, processes, phenomena, or situations. The models are retrieved or constructed on the basis of potentially satisfying salient constraints of the target domain.

Table of contents (19 chapters)

Table of contents (19 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook 245,03 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4615-4813-3
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase and usable on all devices
  • Bulk discounts available
Hardcover 300,56 €
price for Spain (gross)
Softcover 300,56 €
price for Spain (gross)
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery
Editors
  • L. Magnani
  • Nancy Nersessian
  • Paul Thagard
Copyright
1999
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media New York
eBook ISBN
978-1-4615-4813-3
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4615-4813-3
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-306-46292-4
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4613-7181-6
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XI, 343
Topics