Types of journal manuscripts
There are several different types of journal manuscripts, including Rapid Communications, Original Research, Review Articles, and Case Studies.
This is the most common type of journal manuscript. It may be called an Original Article,Research Article, or just Article, depending on the journal. The Original Research format is suitable for many different fields and different types of studies. It includes full Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections.
These papers communicate findings that editors believe will be interesting to many researchers, and that will likely stimulate further research in the field. Rapid Communicationsare usually published soon after submission to the journal, so this format is useful for scientists with results that are time sensitive (for example, those in highly competitive or quickly-changing disciplines). This format often has strict length limits, so some experimentaldetails may not be published until the authors write a full Original Research manuscript.
Many journals also refer to this type of manuscript as a Letter.
Review Articles provide a comprehensive summary of research on a certain topic, and a perspective on the state of the field and where it is heading. They are often written by leaders in a particular discipline after invitation from the editors of a journal. Reviews are often widely read (for example, by researchers looking for a full introduction to a field) and highly cited.Reviews commonly cite approximately 100 primary research articles.
If you would like to write a Review but have not been invited by a journal, be sure to send a presubmission enquiry letter to the journal editor to propose your Review manuscript before you spend time writing it.
These articles report specific instances of interesting phenomena. A goal of Case Studies is to make other researchers aware of the possibility that a specific phenomenon might occur. This type of study is often used in medicine to report the occurrence of previously unknown or emerging pathologies.
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