Abstracting & indexing

There are several interdisciplinary A&I services, such as those from Thomson Reuters or Elsevier's SCOPUS and a large number of discipline specific indexing services.

Springer works with just about every A&I service, over 400 in total, through a dedicated A&I Department and in close cooperation with our publishing editors.
We inform A&I services about new journals, publisher changes or journal title changes.

We support A&I services by providing electronic metadata for faster and more accurate indexing. Metadata include the article information (journal, volume, page, titles, authors, abstracts) as well as reference lists.

  • If you are an author and wish to know in which A&I services a journal is included, simply browse the journal’s homepage at springer.com to discover a complete list.
  • If you are an A&I service and wish to collaborate with Springer, please follow the link below:

Journal selection process

Thomson Reuters Web of Science

We send an application for evaluation to Thomson Reuters when we want to have a journal evaluated for their databases.

Thomson Reuters evaluates the journal by looking at the journal issues for 1 – 1 ½ years. They evaluate the articles for scientific content, editorial quality (accurate reference lists, clear figures, etc).

The two most important criteria for selection are timeliness of publication and number of citations. For more details please see the full description of Thomson Reuters’ journal selection process and criteria.


In order to be included in Medline, a journal has to go through a review by the NLM Literature Selection Technical Review Committee. The most important criteria are relevance to human health researchers and other professionals. The reviews are conducted three times per year in February, June and October.
The journal selection process and criteria are described here:

Other A&I services

The process for getting accepted by the various A&I services differs. Most of the discipline specific A&I services just check whether the subject area of the journal fits in their coverage. If it does, they will include the journal.
Others have a more complex review process. Several of the commercial A&I services take commercial considerations, since they pay for the data they index.
If you have suggestions please send the journal title and A&I service to Springer's A&I team. We will contact the A&I service and work with them to have the journal included.

Incorrect data in A&I services

If the information about an article in an A&I service is incorrect, please inform the Springer A&I Department. We will contact the A&I service to have the data corrected.
Depending on the A&I service, corrections can take up to several months. If the information on SpringerLink is incorrect, we will correct it as soon as possible. Please note, any change to information on SpringerLink requires an erratum.
For many A&I services it takes 4-6 weeks, sometimes longer, to include articles. This is especially true for book chapters, which often take considerably longer than journal articles to be included. If your article was published more than two months ago in the final printed issue (or final electronic issue), please inform the Springer A&I Department. We will work with the A&I service to have the article included.

Compliance with open access archiving mandates

The NIH mandate applies to all articles published in 2008 or later that are funded by the NIH. Our policy regarding this mandate can be found online at:

In order to further support our authors, we have voluntarily provided a free service to our authors in which they can request the deposition of NIH grant supported articles in PubMed Central. The request form is available here:

Articles that are not funded by the NIH cannot be uploaded to PubMed Central, unless they are made open access through Springer's Open Choice.