Proper nouns

A noun is a word that refers to a person, thing, or idea. A proper noun is the specific name of a person, organization, or location. Proper nouns always have their first letter capitalized.

Examples of when to capitalize

  • The first and last names of a person

Examples: Gillian Welch, Steve Jobs, Francis Crick, Michael Jackson


  • Names of companies and organizations

Examples: World Wildlife Fund, United Nations, Volkswagen, Springer Nature


  • Countries and cities

Examples: Australia, India, Germany, New York, London, Beijing


  • Months of the year, days of the week

Examples: January, August, Monday, Saturday


Examples of when not to capitalize

  • Names of chemicals or generic drugs

Example: benzene, acetaminophen


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