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SN Applied Sciences

SN Applied Sciences

Managing Editor: C. Chuwah; A. Fatemi; E. Collado Fregoso; Th. Von Larcher; N. Ranjbar Sahraie

ISSN: 2523-3971 (electronic version)

Journal no. 42452

Topical Collections Open for Submissions

Topical Collections are specially designed to facilitate collective research that is either ongoing or time dependent. The benefits of which give Guest Editors, Societies, Universities, Research Groups, their own resource in one place.
We accept proposals for Topical Collections and nominations from Guest Editors. Please contact Nathalie Jacobs: nathalie.jacobs@springernature
Submissions are open for all Topical Collections listed below and articles can be submitted through the Editorial Manager. Please then select the relevant Topical Collection from the section/category (drop down menu).

Open Topical Collections 

Check the topical collections in your discipline:


Advanced CO2 Utilization for Green Fuels and Chemicals Production
Guest editors: Dr. Dai-Viet N. Vo, Dr. Sonil Nanda and Dr. Phuong Nguyen-Tri
Advanced Materials: Synthesis, Characterization, Applications
Guest editors: Dr. Vijay Kumar Thakur, Dr. Saurav Goel, Dr. Stefan Ioan Voicu, Dr. Krzysztof Koziol, Dr. Hom Nath Dhakal
Applied Separation Science 2019
Guest editor: Petra Russkamp
Bio Catalysis, Catalysis, Heterogeneous/homogeneous catalysis : synthesis, characterization and application
Biomass Transformation to Fine Chemicals
Guest editor: Dr. Chanatip Samart
Carbon Nanostructures: Properties and Applications
Chemistry, Polymer, Zeolite, Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Characterization, Application
CO2 Reduction: The Quest for Electrocatalytic Materials
Chemical Engineering: Materials, Biochemistry, Fuels, Energy
Electronic Waste: Challenges and Solutions
Guest editor: Prof. Veena Sahajwalla
Frontiers in Materials from Basic Science to Real-Time Applications
Guest editor: Dr. Sakar Mohan
Green Chemistry: Multidisciplinary Research Approach
Green Synthesis of Nanoparticles
Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials, Ukraine 2019
Guest editor: Dr. Olena Fesenko
Synthesis and Manufacturing of Materials for the Future
Guest editors: Dr. Vijay Kumar Thakur, Dr. Saurav Goel, Dr. Stefan Ioan Voicu, Dr. Krzysztof Koziol, Dr. Hom Nath Dhakal


Adaptive Model, Mesh and Resolution Techniques for Computationally-Demanding Problems in Simulation-Based Engineering
Guest editors: Dr. Matteo Giacomini, Prof. Enrique Nadal Soriano
Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine
Guest editor: Dr. Gleb Vdovin
Advances in Civil Engineering: Towards a Sustainable Future
Guest editors: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Khairunisa Muthusamy, Dr. Sharifah Maszura Syed Mohsin, Dr. Nur Farhayu Ariffin, Dr. Nurul Nadrah Aqilah Tukiman, Dr. Ahmed Mokhtar Albshir Budiea
Advances in Computer Intelligence & Technology: Towards Embracing Industry 4.0
Guest editors: Assoc. Prof. Dr.Mohamad Fadli Zolkipli, Dr. Saiful Azad, Dr. Wan Isni Sofiah Wan Din, Dr. Seung-Mok Lee, Keimyung University, Dr. Ahmad Fakhri Ab. Nasir, Dr. Ahamad Zaki Mohamed Noor
Advances in Mechatronics Engineering: Embracing Industry 4.0
Guest editors: Mr. Mohd Azraai Mohd Razman, Dr. Anwar P.P. Abdul Majeed, Dr. Nafrizuan Mat Yahya, Prof. Dr. Hyun Myung, Dr. Ismayuzri Ishak, Dr. Muhammad Aizzat Zakaria
Advances in Robotics, Control and Automation (ARCA)
Guest editors: Dr. Alexander Martinez, Dr. José Baca, Dr. Hector A. Moreno
Advances in Technology and Systems
Guest editors: Dr. Samir Avdaković, Dr. Tarik Uzunović, Dr. Jasmin Kevrić, Dr. Ajla Merzić, Dr. Anes Kazagić, Dr. Saša Mujović
Analytical Modelling of Advanced Nanoscale Devices
Guest editor: Dr. Angsuman Sarkar
Applied Mechanics and Materials Engineering
Guest editor: Prof. Magd Abdel Wahab
Artificial Intelligence
Guest editor: Dr. Apoorva Mishra
Guest editor: Dr. Murat Kadir Yesilyurt
Bio-Inspired Optimization Algorithms
Guest editors: Dr. Jagdish Chand Bansal, Dr. Harish Sharma, Dr. Kusum Deep, Dr. Atulya Nagar
Blockchain Technology, Smart Contracts and Industry Applications
Guest editor: Dr. Apoorv Mishra
Bridge Design
Guest editor: Dr. Joris Smits
Combining Numerical Computation and Geometric Modelling
Guest editors: Dr. Michal Nowak, Dr. Francesco dell'Isola, Dr. Jean-Francois Ganghoffer
Communications Systems: Transceivers, Radars, SDR, Networking, Telecommunications, Broadcasting
Computational Biomechanics
Guest editors: Dr. Ricardo Sousa, Dr. Mariusz Ptak
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in energy related problems
Guest editor: Prof. Omar D. Lopez
Computational Multiscale Modelling and Analysis in Engineering and Mechanics
Guest editors: Prof. Julien Yvonnet, Prof. Marc Geers
Computational Sciences, Artificial Intelligence and Digital Service Platforms
Guest editors: Prof. Pekka Neittaanmäki, Prof. Chihiro Watanabe
Current Trends in Chemical Engineering: Food, Water & Energy
Guest editors: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cheng Chin Kui, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sumaiya Zainal Abidin Murad, Dr. Herma Dina Setiabudi
Data Science, Big Data and Applied Deep Learning: From Science to Applications
Guest editor: Asst. Prof. Mahdi Bohlouli
Digital Image Processing
Guest editor: Dr. M. Khosravi , Dr. Sajid Ali Khan
Digital Technologies in Construction
Guest editors: Dr. Jasper Mbachu, Dr. George Ofori, Dr. Chimay Anumba, Dr. Charles Egbu, Dr. Raymond Nkado
Effects of Advanced Materials, Design and Manufacturing Techniques on the Engineering Applications
Guest editors: Dr. Ashish Kumar Srivastava, Dr. Dhaneshwar Mishra, Dr. Mithilesh Dikshit, Dr. Vimal Kumar Pathak
Electromagnetics: Antennas, Sensors, Fields, Waves, Numerical Techniques, EMC
Guest editor: Prof. Dr. Mehrdad Ahmadi Kamarposhti
Energy, Power and Industrial Applications
Guest editor: Prof. Dr. Mehrdad Ahmadi Kamarposhti
Failure Mechanisms in Picasso’s Paintings
Guest editors: Prof. Laura Fuster López, Prof. Alison Murray, Dr. Reyes Jiménez Garnica
5G Networks, Data Traffic, Photonics and Remote Transmissions
Fluid Mechanics, Computational Fluid Dynamics and Fluid Interaction
Guest editor: Dr. Mostafa Ghasemi Baboli
Frontiers in Engineering Sciences
Guest editors: Prof. Babek Erdebilli, Prof. Noradin Ghadimi, Prof. Navid Razmjooy
Frontiers in Machine Learning : Algorithms and Applications (FMLAA)
Guest editors: Prof. Roheet Bhatnagar, Prof. Devesh Kumar Srivastava, Dr. M.Anandhavalli
Industrial Informatics: Data Analytics in Remote Sensing and Cyber-Physical Systems
Guest editors: Dr. Mohammad Khosravi, Prof. Varun Menon
Industry 4.0, IoT solutions and Smart Industries
Guest editor: Dr. Mohammad Khosravi, Prof. Varun Menon
Information Science: Informatics, Informetrics, Scientometrics and Altmetrics
Guest editors: Dr. Mohammad Khosravi, Prof. Varun Menon
IOT in Mobile, Big Data Analytics and Cloud Computing (I-MBC)
Guest editors: Dr. M. Durai Pandian, Dr. Vo Ngoc Phu, Dr. Shariq Hussain
Limit States Analysis and Design of Structures and Materials
Guest editors: Prof. K.V. Spiliopoulos, Prof. D. Weichert, Prof. A.R.S. Ponter
Mechanical Engineering: Design, Computational, Applications
Guest editor: Dr. Murat Kadir Yesilyurt
Model-based System Development: Definitions, Approaches, Methodologies
Guest editors: Dipl.-Ing. Matthias Bajzek, Prof. Hannes Hick
Nanofluids in Applied Sciences
Guest editor: Dr. Mohsen Sheikholeslami
New Technologies in Mechanical Engineering, Robotics, and Intelligent Transport Systems
Guest editor: Prof.Dr.sc Isak Karabegović
Progress in Engineering Fundamentals, Applied Sciences and Technologies
Guest editor: Dr. Mostafa Ghasemi Baboli
Recent Innovations in Mechanical Engineering
Guest editors: Dr. Vikas Sharma, Dr. Rohit Lather, Dr. Varun Sharma, Dr. Pradeep Kumar
Recent Trends in Electrical & Electronics Engineering
Guest editors: Dr. Mohamad Shaiful Abdul Karim, Dr. Ahmad Syahiman Mohd Shah, Prof. Dr. Sabira Khatun, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidi,nJessnor Arif Mat Jizat
Reconfigurable Hardware Design and Applications
Guest editors: Prof. Amlan Chakrabarti, Prof. Fernanda Lima Kastensmidt, Prof. Anupam Chattopadhyay
Renewable and Non-Renewable Energy Resources: Challenges, Opportunities and Future Trends
Guest editors: Dr. Mostafa Ghasemi Baboli, Dr. Tan Yie Hua
Resilience and Sustainability
Guest editors: Dr. Ehsan Noroozinejad, Dr. Abbas Sivandi-Pour
Science, Agriculture & Technology for Society
Guest editors: Dr. Nagaswarupa H P, Dr. Raghavendra N, Dr. Anil Kumar M R, Dr. Shashi Shekar T R, Prof. Rudresh M, Dr. Santhosh Kumar, Dr. Arun Biradar, Dr. Hemanth Baradkar
Signal Processing
Guest editor: Prof. Saad Motahhir
Smart Information and Communication Technologies
Guest editors: Prof. Ali El Moussati, Prof. Vincent Fremont, Prof. Sylvain Guegan, Prof. Kidiyo Kpalma, Prof. Mohammed Saber
Soft Computing Techniques for Bio-signal Analysis
Guest editors: Dr. Akash Kumar Bhoi, Prof. (Dr.) Bidita Khandelwal, Prof. (Dr.) Karma Sonam Sherpa, Prof. (Dr) Valentina E. Balas, Dr. Saugat Bhattacharyya, Dr. Sampath Kumar Bhagavat, Dr. Deepak Gupta
Structural Integrity of Technical Systems and Complex Structures
Guest editors: Dr. José Correia, Dr. Abílio de Jesus, Dr. Grzegorz Lesiuk, Dr. Shun-Peng Zhu, Dr. Rui Calçada
Sustainable Development: A Civil Engineering Perspective
Guest editors: Dr. Bipul Talukdar, Dr. Jayanta Pathak, Dr. Diganta Goswami
Sustainable Energy Trends in the Developing Economies
Guest editor: Dr. Imran Khan
Sustainable Inventive Systems
Guest editors: Dr. S. Smys,Dr. Joy Iong-Zong Chen,Dr. Subarna Shakya
Sustainable Urbanization 2019
Guest editors: Assoc. Prof. Ghafour Amouzad Mahdiraji, Assoc. Prof. Chockalingam Aravind Vaithilingam, Dr. Reynato Andal Gamboa, Dr. Phang Swee King
Unmanned Aviation: Integration into the National Airspace
Guest editor: Dr. Kimon P. Valavanis
Young Investigators in Computational Science and Engineering
Guest editors: Dr. Konrad Perzyński, Prof. Dr. Alexander Popp, and Prof. Dr. Stefanie Elgeti

Earth & Environmental Sciences 

Advances in Desalination
Guest editor: Dr. Muhammad Wakil Shahzad
Advances in Geomatics Research
Guest editors: Dr. John Richard Otukei, Prof. Anthony Gidudu, Prof. Maruthi Sridhar Balaji Bhaskar
Advances in Urban Global Environmental Challenges
Emerging Environmental Pollutants in Water: Prioritization Advancement
Guest Editor: Dr. Melusi Thwala
Energy and Environmental Issues 2018
Guest editors: Dr. Rahu Patil, Dr. Ashok Chougale
Environment Energy and Engineering Strategies for Sustainability
Guest editors: Dr. Sudesh Bekal, Dr. I R Mithanthaya, Dr. Srinivasa Pai P, Dr. Arun Kumar Bhat
Environmental Change, Resilience, Adaptation and Sustainability in Africa
Guest editor: Dr. Terence Epule Epule
Glacier Changes and Associated Impacts
Guest editors: Dr. Lydia Sam, Dr. Anshuman Bhardwaj
GeoResources and Environmental Impact Assessment in North Africa
Guest editors: Dr.Hadji Riheb, Dr. Hamed Younes, Dr. Bouri Salem
Interdisciplinary Problems in Environmental Protection and Engineering EKO-DOK
Guest editors: Dr. Bartosz Kaźmierczak, Dr. Małgorzata Kutyłowska, Dr. Piotr Jadwiszczak
Membranes and Advanced Materials for Wastewater Treatment
Guest editors: Dr. Farhana Aziz,Dr. Juhana Jaafar, Dr.Norhaniza Yusof, Dr. Wan Norhayati Wan Salleh, Dr. Lau Woei Jye Woei Jye
Meteorological Extremes
Guest editor: Dr. Adarsh S
Natural hazards and hydrological risks: climate change – water – sustainable society nexus
Guest editors: Dr. Francisco Fernandes, Dr. Ana Malheiro, Prof. Helder I. Chaminé
Pollution and Health Impacts
Remote Sensing and GIS applications in Earth and Environmental System Sciences
Guest editors: Dr. Chaminé, Dr. Pereira, Dr. Teodoro, Dr. Teixeira
Research Progress on Environment Friendly Refrigerants
Guest editors: Dr. M. Mohanraj, Dr. S. Jayaraj, Dr. Ye. Belyayev
Submarine Groundwater Discharge Fluxes (fresh water, nutrients, and pollutants) to the Asian Coastal Regions
Guest editors: Dr. D. S. Suresh Babu, Dr. Manish Kumar, Dr. Daniel D. Snow, Dr. A. L. Ramanathan
Sustainable Buildings and Infrastructure
Guest editor: Dr. Hany Farouk Shehata
Sustainable Waste Management
Guest editors: Dr. Abhishek Kumar Awasthi, Dr. PC Abhilash, Prof. Ram Naraian
Today’s Progress and Tomorrow’s Climate Challenges
Guest editor: Dr. John Karen
Waste Reduction, Recycle and Utilization for Value Added Products
Guest editors: Dr. Achlesh Daverey, Dr. Biswanath Mahanty, Dr. Kasturi Dutta
Water & Climate in Arid Environments
Guest editor: Dr. Essam Heggy


Battery Materials and Devices
Guest editors: Dr. Andrea Maurano, Dr. Yan Eric Wang, Dr. Ying Ting
Frontiers of Liquid Crystals Research: Theory, Experiments and Applications
Guest editors: Prof. Jose A. Martinez-Gonzalez, Prof. Abelardo Ramirez-Hernandez
Physics, Society, and Technology 2019
Guest editors: Dr. Partha Goswami, Dr. U.P. Tyagi
Smart Photonic and Optoelectronic Materials
Guest editor: Prof Anna Baldycheva

Materials Science 

Technologies and Materials for a Practical Circular Economy
Guest editors: Prof. Dr. Anke Weiden¬kaff, Executive Director Fraunhofer IWKS
Watch the interview with guest editor Benjamin Balke, head of division functional materials at the Fraunhofer Research Institution IWKS here and read more here
2D Materials: Synthesis, Fundamental Properties, and Applications
Guest editor: Dr. Babak Anasori
Advances in Fuel Cell Materials
Bio-materials and Membranes for Sustainable Environment
Guest editors: Dr. Sudip Chakraborty and Dr. Stefano Curcio
Material and Engineering Advances Towards Electrolyzers and Fuel Cells with Earth-Abundant Elements
Guest editors: Dr. Frédéric Jaouen, Dr. Deborah Jones, Dr. Serhiy Cherevko, Dr. José-Ramon Galan-Mascaros, Dr. Peter Strasser
Materials and Technologies to Advance Energy Usage
Guest editors: Dr. Yunlong Zhang, Dr. Sajid Bashir and Dr. Jingbo Louise Liu
Materials for Modern Days Applications
Guest editors: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kwok Feng Chong, Dr. Gomaa A.M. Ali, Dr. Zinab H Bakr
Materials for Rural Applications
Guest editors: Dr. Manish Kumar, Dr. Vijay Kumar Thakur, Dr. Nagendra Kaushik, Prof. Devesh K. Avasthi
Natural Fibers: Smart Sustainable Solutions
Guest editors: Dr.Raul Fangueiro, Diana P. Ferreira
New Era for Cost Effective and High Performance Perovskite Solar Cells
Guest editors: Prof. Dr. Shahzada Ahmad, Prof. Dr. Samrana Kazim, Dr. Ahmed Esmail Shalan
Photocatalysis and Electrocatalysis: Latest News and Research
Guest editor: Dr. David Wakerley
Recent Advances in Natural and Nanostructured Functional Materials
Guest editors: Prof. Nanda Gopal Sahoo, Associate Professor Geeta Tewari
Recent and Future Prospects in the Plasma-Driven Vapor Deposition Process
Guest editors: Dr. Damien Thiry, Prof. Andrei Choukourov
Sustainable Building Materials, the Netherlands, 2019
Guest editor: Prof. H.J.H. Brouwers


Advanced Nanomaterials
Guest editors: Dr. Vivek Srivastava, Dr. Vijay Kumar
Guest editors: Dr. Christian Nielsen, Dr. Eleni Stavrinidou
Biomass and Biocomposites
Guest editors: Associate Professor Dr. Mohammad Jawaid, Prof Mohini Sain and Dr. Rob Elias
Energy, Power, and Materials Modeling, Guest editors: Dr. Shadia Jamil Ikhmayies
Innovation in Design, Entrepreneurship, and Sustainable Systems- ideas
Guest editors: Prof. Petter Krus, Prof. Luciana Pereira
Materials, Technologies and Strategies for a Circular Economy
Guest editors: Dr. Benjamin Balke, Prof. Dr. Anke Weidenkaff
Mechanical Properties of Advanced Materials
Guest editors: Prof. Giuseppe Pintaude, Prof. Mariana Amorim Fraga
Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena
Guest editors: Prof. Mikhail A. Proskurnin, Prof. Mladen Franko, Dr. Jose Ordonez-Miranda
Recent Advances in Natural and Engineering Sciences (ABTA Doctoral Research 2019)
Guest editors: Dr. Fabien Massabuau, Prof. Emre Esenturk
Science and Engineering of Materials 2019
Guest editors: Prof. Pramod K Singh, Dr. Meenal Gupta, Prof. Ram Chandra Singh

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For authors and editors

  • Aims and Scope

    Aims and Scope


    SN Applied Sciences is a multi-disciplinary, peer-reviewed journal for the disciplines of Chemistry, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Engineering, Materials Science and Physics. It fosters sound scientific discovery to solve practical problems. The journal encourages quality, scientifically valid, original articles which present a good understanding of scientific knowledge, experiments and theories, methods and techniques, as well as interdisciplinary linkages. It welcomes research articles, review papers, case studies, and short communications. SN Applied Sciences offers Topical Collections designed to consolidate publications of a specific research topic. Articles can be either released as direct papers or within a Topical Collection.


    The Engineering section provides a forum for various sub-disciplines of Engineering Technology, e.g., Bioengineering, Applied Engineering, Robotics and Control, Signal Processing, Data Analysis, Experiments, Computational Mechanics, and Fluid Mechanics. We are looking for contributions covering theoretical and practical problems associated with


    Aerospace Engineering

    Big Data, Data Science and Data Analysis

    Chemical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering

    Communication Systems

    Complex Structures

    Computer Engineering

    Computing Systems

    Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Electromagnetics

    Energy, Power and Industrial Applications

    Fluid Mechanics

    Image Processing and Signal Processing

    Industrial Technology and Manufacturing

    Machine Learning

    Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning

    Multiscale Modelling and Multiscale Analysis


    Structural Integrity and Technologies in Construction

    Sustainable Inventive Systems


    The Interdisciplinary section provides a forum for multi-disciplinary projects that cover the expertise of experiments, numerical modelling, and theory to provide a better understanding of key processes. It welcomes manuscripts combining or link disciplines of applied sciences and explore theoretical or practical problems.


    The Chemistry and Materials section deals with the key research fields of chemistry and material science. Among many topics that our section covers, we promote the topics relating to the catalysis, activation of small molecules, electrochemistry and energy materials. The following keywords are only few of the key topics in our section:



    Click chemistry

    Heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis


    Green synthesis of nanoparticles

    Energy conversion


    Construction materials


    Water splitting

    Fuel cells

    Inorganic chemistry

    Analytical chemistry

    Oxygen reduction reaction


    Food chemistry


    The Physics and Materials section of SN Applied Sciences targets the latest development in the Applied Physics area and its intersection with the Material Sciences. We encourage topics that generate an interest or are related to global challenges, including among others, alternative energy sources, climate change, food and water safety and innovative health. Some keywords that we are considering are:


    Electronic properties of materials

    Structure-Property relationship and characterization

    Superconductivity and Magnetism


    Organic electronics

    Perovskite/ Silicon solar cells

    Biomaterials and health applications

    Bioelectronics and sensors

    Applied photochemistry

    Photonic materials

    Mechanical properties of materials

    Thermoelectric materials


    Energy transfer, storage and conversion

    Organic materials doping


    Optical properties of materials

    Alloys and ceramics

    Applied Biophysics

    Sustainable development in Material Sciences


    The Earth and Environmental Science section of SN Applied Sciences aims to publish relevant articles and case studies within Earth and Environmental System Sciences. We welcome disciplinary papers from the fields of Physical Geography, Geology, Climate, Oceanography and Natural Hazards, as well as those with strong interdisciplinary connections from the fields of Geophysics, Environmental Chemistry, Geochemistry and Environmental Engineering. We welcome contributions which demonstrate linkages between natural and anthropogenic processes, human-environmental interactions and environmental processes and applications.

  • Open Choice - Your Way to Open Access
  • Instructions for Authors
  • Ethics & Disclosures

    Ethics & Disclosures


  • Article Types

    Article Types


Alerts for this journal


Get the table of contents of every new issue published in SN Applied Sciences.