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Engineering - Civil Engineering | KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Ho-Kyung Kim

ISSN: 1226-7988 (print version)
ISSN: 1976-3808 (electronic version)

Journal no. 12205

KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

Manuscript Submission Guidelines

Manuscript Preparation  

Classification of Manuscripts

The manuscripts for the Journal are classified into research papers, technical notes, and discussions and replies.
• Research papers are well-organized, full-length papers of value and interest to civil engineers (both academic and practical nature).
• Technical notes contain concisely presented, preliminary or partial results of research that represent new ideas or complement previously published papers.
• A discussion presents significant comments or questions about the technical content of a research paper or a technical note that was published earlier in the Journal. The authors of the paper or the note should prepare a reply to address the comments or questions.

KSCE membership requirement

At least one-half of the Korean authors should be either a full or a life member of the KSCE. However, there is no such requirement for non-Korean authors.

Length of a manuscript

Research papers should not exceed eight printed pages (about 8,000 words). Technical notes and discussions and replies should not exceed four printed pages (about 4,000 words). Manuscripts exceeding these limits can still be published if an approval is obtained from the Editorial Board plus by paying an extra publication fee for extra pages. However, the total number of extra pages must not exceed 50% of the above length limits.

Language and font type

Manuscripts must be written in English using the Times New Roman font.

Paper type and word-processor software

Manuscripts should be written using Microsoft Word. They should be double-spaced, with appropriate margins on A4 or letter-size paper (a minimum of 2.5 cm [top, bottom, left and right]) to make reading easy.


The SI unit should be used.

Electronic submission

A prepared manuscript, including figures, tables, graphs, and photographs, should be submitted electronically at

Legal requirements

Submission of a manuscript implies that: 1) all co-authors have significantly contributed to the research or project and manuscript preparation; 2) the submitted material is original; 3) it does not infringe upon the copyright of any third party; 4) its publication has been approved by all co-authors; and 5) no part of the manuscript was published or is under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The Manuscript 

Composition of a manuscript

A manuscript should be composed of the following items: Area of specialization, Title, Name(s) of the author(s), Abstract and keywords, Main body of text, Acknowledgment (if needed), Notations (if needed), References, Appendices (if needed).


The title should accurately and concisely describe the contents of a manuscript in no more than 100 characters including spaces between words. The first letter of the title and the first letter of each word in the title should be capitalized except for articles, prepositions, and conjunctions.

Name(s) of the author(s)

The names of authors should be listed according to the level of their contributions made to the manuscript, starting from the highest to the lowest in separate lines. Each author’s name should be shown in the order of his/her first, middle, and last name. The information on each author’s KSCE membership grade, affiliation, position, mailing address, and e-mail address should be shown in the footnote at the bottom of the first page. The corresponding author should be indicated as such.

Abstract and keywords

An abstract should be in fewer than 200 words, including a brief outline and key conclusions. The abstract should not include any tables, equations, or references. In addition, five to seven keywords, which can be used for indexing purposes, should be provided.

Composition of the main body of text

The main body of text typically consists of introduction, main sections, and conclusions, each of which could also be divided into subsections. An example of a typical layout of these sections and subsections with headings and subheadings is shown below.
1. Introduction
2. Mathematical Formulation (a main section)
2.1 Governing Equation and Boundary Conditions
2.1.1 Governing Equation Conservation of Mass
3. Simulation Results and Sensitivity Analysis (a main section)
4. Conclusions

Figures and photographs

Each figure should be presented on a separate piece of paper. A number and a title should be written below each figure. When printed, the maximum width of a figure will be 7 cm (1 column). Therefore, line thickness and legend sizes should be chosen such that they will be legible when printed. Photographs should be prepared in 3˝×4˝ or larger. Chroma printing of a figure is available at the author’s expense. Additional information on resolution is as follows:
- Image: 150~225 dpi (grayscale)
- Line drawings (graphs): 600~900 dpi (bitmap)
Each figure and photograph should be numbered sequentially in the order in which they appear in the text.


Each table should be prepared on a separate piece of paper. Each table should be numbered sequentially in the order in which they appear in the text. A table number along with a title of the table should be shown above the table.

Numbering figures and tables

Figures and tables should be numbered using separate numbering systems: one for figures and the other for tables. In addition, whole numbers should be used for numbering, where “Fig. 3” is acceptable while “Table 2.1” is not.
When placing more than one table or figure under one title, assign a subtitle, such as (a), (b), or (c), to each table or figure. In the text, tables and figures should be cited as follows: Table 1, Table 2(a) and 2(b), Fig. 1, Fig. 2(a) and Fig. 2(b), etc.


Equations should be written in separate lines and be sequentially numbered in the order in which they appear in the text with a single numbering system throughout the text. The numbers should be shown on the right-hand side of the equations. All the symbols used in the equations and also in the text should be in italics.
In-text citations of figures, tables, and equations
Figures, tables, and equations should be citied in the text as shown in the following example.
Fig. 2, Fig. 3(a), Figs. 3 and 4
Table 5, Tables 3(a) and 3(b)
Eq. (2), Eqs. (1) and (2)
In-text citations of references
A reference, listed in the reference section, should be cited in the text with the last name(s) of the author(s) and publication year in a parenthesis. Examples are “Kim (2015)” for a single author, “Holly and Preissmann (2001)” for two authors, and “Wood et al. (1998)” for three or more authors. The following are examples in which the citations are used in full sentences:
Chini and Wolde-Tinsae (1998) further investigated the effect of prestressing on elastic arches.
The author(s) may wish to express his or her appreciation for financial and/or technical support provided by individuals and/or institutions for this work.
Symbols used in the manuscript should be listed in the order of Roman and Greek alphabets and explained (List capital letters first). Here is an example.
All references cited in the text should be listed in this section. Those references that are not cited in the text should not be included here or anywhere else in the paper or note.
Listing references
References should be listed alphabetically based on the last names of first authors. If two papers have first authors with the same last name, the last names of the second authors should be used (the reference with no second author is listed first). The same rule applies to those references with three or more authors.

Formatting references

References should be listed in the following format:
• Those published in journals:
Last name and first and middle initials of the author(s), the year of publication in a parenthesis, the title of the paper quoted in quotation marks, the name of the journal in italics, the name of publisher, volume number, issue number, starting and ending page numbers, and DOI (Digital Object Identifier) number.
Lee, S. W., Jin, Y. M., Woo, S. K., and Shin, D. H. (2013). “Approximate cost estimating model of eco-type trade for river facility construction using case-based reasoning and genetic algorithms.” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, KSCE, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 292-300, DOI: 10.1007/s12205-013-1638-5
• Those published in proceedings:
Last name and first and middle initials of the author(s), the year of publication in a parenthesis, the title of the article quoted in quotation marks, the name of the proceedings in italics, the name of publisher, the location of the meeting or publication, volume and/or issue number (if available), and starting and ending page numbers.
Hsu, G. J. (1980). “On the correction of oceanographic applications.” Proc. 17th Int. Conf. of Coastal Engrg., ASCE, Sydney, Australia, pp.709-724.
• Those published as part of a book:
Last name and first and middle initials of the author(s), the year of publication in a parenthesis, the title of the part in the book quoted in quotation marks, the title of the book in italics, the name of editor(s) (if applicable), volume number (if applicable), the name of publisher, the location of the publisher, and starting and ending page numbers.
Lewellen, W. S. (1977). “Use of invariant modeling.” Handbook of Turbulence, W. Frost, Ed., Vol. 1, Plenum Press, New York, N.Y., pp. 237-280.


Appendices can be used to record data and details that are of secondary importance or that are needed to support arguments made in the text.

Supplemental materials

Supplemental materials are considered to enhance the value of the article albeit not vital to support the explanations presented in the article and are not suitable for print publication. They include high-resolution images, background datasets, movie files, audio files, etc. Supplemental materials will be published online along with the electronic version of the article.

Guidelines for preparing a technical note

The same guidelines developed for research papers apply to technical notes as well except that the first page of a technical note should have "Technical Note" written at the top left corner to show that this is a technical note.

Copyright and responsibilities of authors

When the manuscript is accepted for publication, the author(s) will be requested to submit a “Copyright Transfer Agreement” form, signed by all co-authors. The form can be found at: www. springer.com / journal / 12205.

Publication Ethics 

This journal is a member, and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Publication Fee 

The publication Fee (100,000 KRW/100 USD per paper) is charged for papers accepted. For research papers exceeding 8 printed pages and technical notes exceeding 4 printed pages, extra typesetting cost is charged with 50,000KRW/50USD per exceeding page.

Research Data Policy 

A submission to the journal implies that materials described in the manuscript, including all relevant raw data, will be freely available to any researcher wishing to use them for non-commercial purposes, without breaching participant confidentiality.
The journal strongly encourages that all datasets on which the conclusions of the paper rely should be available to readers. We encourage authors to ensure that their datasets are either deposited in publicly available repositories (where available and appropriate) or presented in the main manuscript or additional supporting files whenever possible. Please see Springer Nature’s information on recommended repositories.
General repositories - for all types of research data - such as figshare and Dryad may be used where appropriate.
Datasets that are assigned digital object identifiers (DOIs) by a data repository may be cited in the reference list. Data citations should include the minimum information recommended by DataCite: authors, title, publisher (repository name), identifier.
Where a widely established research community expectation for data archiving in public repositories exists, submission to a community-endorsed, public repository is mandatory. Persistent identifiers (such as DOIs and accession numbers) for relevant datasets must be provided in the paper.

Data availability

The journal encourages authors to provide a statement of Data availability in their article. Data availability statements should include information on where data supporting the results reported in the article can be found, including, where applicable, hyperlinks to publicly archived datasets analysed or generated during the study. Data availability statements can also indicate whether data are available on request from the authors and where no data are available, if appropriate.
Data Availability statements can take one of the following forms (or a combination of more than one if required for multiple datasets):
1. The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available in the [NAME] repository, [PERSISTENT WEB LINK TO DATASETS]
2. The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are not publicly available due [REASON WHY DATA ARE NOT PUBLIC] but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
3. The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
4.Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study
5. All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article [and its supplementary information files].
More examples of template data availability statements, which include examples of openly available and restricted access datasets, are available:
Springer Nature provides a research data policy support service for authors and editors, which can be contacted at researchdata@springernature.com.
This service provides advice on research data policy compliance and on finding research data repositories. It is independent of journal, book and conference proceedings editorial offices and does not advise on specific manuscripts.

English Language Editing 

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:
  • Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
  • Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review. Two such services are provided by our affiliates Nature Research Editing Service and American Journal Experts. Springer authors are entitled to a 10% discount on their first submission to either of these services, simply follow the links below.
Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in this journal and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.
If your manuscript is accepted it will be checked by our copyeditors for spelling and formal style before publication.


● 请一位以英语为母语的同事审核您的稿件是否表意清晰。
● 查看一些有关英语写作中常见语言错误的教程。
● 使用专业语言编辑服务,编辑人员会对英语进行润色,以确保您的意思表达清晰,并识别需要您复核的问题。我们的附属机构 Nature Research Editing Service 和合作伙伴 American Journal Experts 即可提供此类服务。


・プロの英文校正サービスを利用する。校正者が原稿の意味を明確にしたり、問題点を指摘し、英語の質を向上させます。Nature Research Editing Service とAmerican Journal Experts の2つは弊社と提携しているサービスです。Springer の著者は、いずれのサービスも初めて利用する際には10%の割引を受けることができます。以下のリンクを参照ください。


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• 귀하의 원고의 표현을 명확히 해줄 영어 원어민 동료를 찾아서 리뷰를 의뢰합니다.
• 영어 튜토리얼 페이지에 방문하여 영어로 글을 쓸 때 자주하는 실수들을 확인합니다.
• 리뷰에 대비하여, 원고의 의미를 명확하게 해주고 리뷰에서 요구하는 문제점들을 식별해서 영문 수준을 향상시켜주는 전문 영문 교정 서비스를 이용합니다. Nature Research Editing Service와 American Journal Experts에서 저희와 협약을 통해 서비스를 제공하고 있습니다. Springer 저자들이 본 교정 서비스를 첫 논문 투고를 위해 사용하시는 경우 10%의 할인이 적용되며, 아래의 링크를 통하여 확인이 가능합니다.
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원고가 수락될 경우, 출판 전 저희측 편집자에 의해 원고의 철자 및 문체를 검수하는 과정을 거치게 됩니다.

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  • Aims and Scope

    Aims and Scope


    The KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering is a technical monthly journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers. The journal reports original study results (both academic and practical) on past practices and present information in all civil engineering fields.

    The journal publishes original papers within the broad field of civil engineering, which includes, but are not limited to, the following: coastal and harbor engineering, construction management, environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, highway engineering, hydraulic engineering, information technology, nuclear power engineering, railroad engineering, structural engineering, surveying and geo-spatial engineering, transportation engineering, tunnel engineering, and water resources and hydrologic engineering. Both theoretical and practice-oriented papers, including case studies and reviews, are encouraged.

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    Copyright Information

    For Authors

    Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as – tacitly or explicitly – by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out.

    Author warrants (i) that he/she is the sole owner or has been authorized by any additional copyright owner to assign the right, (ii) that the article does not infringe any third party rights and no license from or payments to a third party is required to publish the article and (iii) that the article has not been previously published or licensed. The author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all co-authors. Transfer of copyright to Springer (respective to owner if other than Springer) becomes effective if and when a Copyright Transfer Statement is signed or transferred electronically by the corresponding author. After submission of the Copyright Transfer Statement signed by the corresponding author, changes of authorship or in the order of the authors listed will not be accepted by Springer.

    The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is assigned for good and valuable consideration to Springer effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees).

    The copyright assignment includes without limitation the exclusive, assignable and sublicensable right, unlimited in time and territory, to reproduce, publish, distribute, transmit, make available and store the article, including abstracts thereof, in all forms of media of expression now known or developed in the future, including pre- and reprints, translations, photographic reproductions and microform. Springer may use the article in whole or in part in electronic form, such as use in databases or data networks for display, print or download to stationary or portable devices. This includes interactive and multimedia use and the right to alter the article to the extent necessary for such use.

    Authors may self-archive the Author's accepted manuscript of their articles on their own websites. Authors may also deposit this version of the article in any repository, provided it is only made publicly available 12 months after official publication or later. He/she may not use the publisher's version (the final article), which is posted on SpringerLink and other Springer websites, for the purpose of self-archiving or deposit. Furthermore, the Author may only post his/her version provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link is inserted to the published article on Springer's website. The link must be accompanied by the following text: "The final publication is available at link.springer.com".

    Prior versions of the article published on non-commercial pre-print servers like arXiv.org can remain on these servers and/or can be updated with Author's accepted version. The final published version (in pdf or html/xml format) cannot be used for this purpose. Acknowledgement needs to be given to the final publication and a link must be inserted to the published article on Springer's website, accompanied by the text "The final publication is available at link.springer.com". Author retains the right to use his/her article for his/her further scientific career by including the final published journal article in other publications such as dissertations and postdoctoral qualifications provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication.

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    All articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article (e.g., as offprints), as well as all translation rights. No material published in this journal may be reproduced photographically or stored on microfilm, in electronic data bases, video disks, etc., without first obtaining written permission from the publisher (respective the copyright owner if other than Springer). The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc., in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.

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