Life at High Pressure

In the Deep Sea and Other Environments

Authors: Macdonald, Alister

Free Preview
  • There are three high pressure environments; Deep Sea, Earth’s Crust, the microenvironment of load bearing joints.
  • Pressure is a thermodynamic parameter and some molecular adaptations to it are understood in Deep Sea organisms.
  • Engineering aspects of high pressure Biology are presented.
see more benefits

Buy this book

eBook 32,09 €
price for China (P.R.) (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-67587-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover 37,99 €
price for China (P.R.) (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-67586-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Institutional customers should get in touch with their account manager
  • Covid-19 shipping restrictions
  • Usually ready to be dispatched within 3 to 5 business days, if in stock
About this book

The book discusses the ways in which high hydrostatic pressure (i.e. water pressure) affects all grades of life which thrive at pressures much greater those in our normal environment. The deep sea is the best known high pressure environment, where pressures reach a thousand times greater than those at the surface, yet it is populated by a variety of animals and microorganisms. The earth’s crust supports microorganisms which live in water filled pores at high pressure. In addition, the load bearing joints of animals like ourselves experience pulses of hydrostatic pressure of a magnitude similar to the pressure at mid ocean depths.

These pressures affect molecular structures and biochemical reactions. Basic cellular processes are drastically affected – the growth and division of cells, the way nerves conduct impulses and the chemical reactions which provide energy.  Adaptation to high pressure also occurs in complex physiological systems such as those which provide buoyancy.  Probably the greatest challenge to our understanding of adaptation to high pressure is the stabilisation of the nervous system of deep sea animals to avoid convulsions which pressure causes in shallow water animals.

Additionally the book provides insight into the engineering required to study life at high pressure: equipment which can trap small deep sea animals and retrieve them at their high pressure, equivalent equipment for microorganisms, laboratory microscopes which can focus on living cells under high pressure, incubators for bacteria which require high pressure to grow, high pressure aquaria for marine animals and lastly and briefly, manned and unmanned submersible vessels, Landers and deep drill hole sampling. Rather like the organisms studied many laboratory instruments have been adapted to function at high pressure.

About the authors

Dr. Alister Macdonald graduated in Zoology at Bristol University. After post doctoral research at the University of East Anglia he moved to Aberdeen University, becoming Reader In Physiology in 1984. His work on deep sea animals with Dr. I Gilchrist tackled the recovery of small animals without decompression, their tolerance to pressure and recovery from decompression paralysis. Additionally, he demonstrated homeoviscous adaptation of deep sea fish membranes to high pressure. Work at sea alternated with laboratory studies of cellular processes at high pressure; membrane bilayers, membrane bound enzymes, ionic regulation, electrophysiology - latterly patch clamp studies of various ion channels and of anaesthetic  -  ion channel interactions. Collaboration with much valued students and senior colleagues was a key part of this wide range of activity, involving The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (USA) and the Bermuda Marine Biological Station for Research, The Rowett Research Institute and the Marine Laboratory, (both in Aberdeen), Queen’s University, Belfast, Brunel University, and the Universities of Liverpool, Nottingham, North Carolina and Western Australia, The Babraham Institute, Cambridge, and the Max-Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany.


Table of contents (13 chapters)

Table of contents (13 chapters)
  • High Pressure and High-Pressure Environments

    Pages 1-29

    Macdonald, Alister

  • High Pressure: Molecules, Chemical Process and Cellular Structures

    Pages 31-69

    Macdonald, Alister

  • The High Pressure Micro-environment of Vertebrate Load Bearing Joints

    Pages 71-83

    Macdonald, Alister

  • Effects of High Pressure on the Activity of Ordinary Animals, Including Humans, and on the Function of Their Excitable Cells and Ion Channels

    Pages 85-116

    Macdonald, Alister

  • The Effects of Decompression and Subsequent Re-compression on the Activity of Deep-Sea Animals and Eukaryote Cells. The Isobaric Collection of Deep-Sea Animals

    Pages 117-149

    Macdonald, Alister

Buy this book

eBook 32,09 €
price for China (P.R.) (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-67587-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover 37,99 €
price for China (P.R.) (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-67586-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Institutional customers should get in touch with their account manager
  • Covid-19 shipping restrictions
  • Usually ready to be dispatched within 3 to 5 business days, if in stock
Loading...

Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Life at High Pressure
Book Subtitle
In the Deep Sea and Other Environments
Authors
Copyright
2021
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-030-67587-5
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-67587-5
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-030-67586-8
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVII, 445
Number of Illustrations
43 b/w illustrations, 19 illustrations in colour
Topics