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Biomedical Sciences - Neuroscience | Neurophysiology

Neurophysiology

Neurophysiology

Editor: D. A. Vasilenko

ISSN: 0090-2977 (print version)
ISSN: 1573-9007 (electronic version)

Journal no. 11062

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Instructions for Authors

Neurophysiology

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION 

Both experimental papers covering relatively extensive problems or separate interesting observations/findings and review papers dealing with modern neuroscience problems can be submitted. An upper limit of the dimension of the experimental paper is 16 double-spaced typed pages (1,800 symbols each). This includes References but does not include Legends for Figures and Tables. Maximum, eight illustration units (Figures and/or Tables) can be included in the experimental papers. The maximum volume of a review paper is 30 typed pages; several illustrations can be included in such a paper.
No papers dealing exclusively with methods can be submitted.
American spelling and terminology should be used.

ARRANGEMENT OF THE MANUSCRIPT 

The standard order of the manuscript, with all correctly numbered pages should be as follows:
Author's (Authors') Name (Names)
Title
Author Affiliation
Summary
Keywords (up to six)
INTRODUCTION
METHODS
RESULTS
DISCUSSION (the latter two sections could be combined in a RESULTS AND
DISCUSSION section)
Acknowledgments
REFERENCES
Figures and legends
Tables (with their titles and footnotes)
Note that the Author's affiliation (the academic or professional address of the author) should be complete and include a detailed name of the Institution, postal address, telephone, and e-mail address for correspondence and proofs, with indication by the corresponding figure (superscript one, superscript two, etc.) near the Author's (co-Author's) name. In the Summary (it should not be provided with a special section's title), the Author must briefly (up to one page of standard typed text, 1800 symbols) describe most important results of the study and main conclusions.
Keywords should be given as a separate line below Summary.
References should include only the articles that have been published.
Unpublished data, submitted manuscripts, or personal communications should be cited only in the text [e.g., unpublished results may be mentioned with the word (unpublished) in parentheses after the author's name].
References should be listed in the numerical sequence, i.e.,in the order of their citing in the text (not in the alphabetic order!).
Include only those references that have been cited in the text. Reference citations in the text should be presented as numbers in square brackets, e.g., depending on the construction of the sentence; the citation will appear as Smith and Jones [1] or simply [1].
Please use the following style for the References:
Journal papers
1. W. Van der Kloot and J. Molgo, “Qantal acetylcholine release at the vertebrate neuromuscular junction,” Physiol. Rev., 74, No. 4, 899-991 (1994).
2. S. Mathias, L. A. Pena, and R. N. Kolesnick, “Signal transduction of stress via ceramide,” Biochem. J., 335, Part 3, 465-480 (1998).
3. R. Bridi, F. P. Crossetti, V. M. Steffen, and A. T. Henriques, “The antioxidant activity of standardized extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) in rats,” Phytother. Res., 15, 449-451 (2201).
4. N. Harata, J. Katayama, Y. Takeshita, et al., “Two components of metabotropic glutamate responses in acutely dissociated CA3 pyramidal neurons of the rat,” Brain Res., 711, Nos. 1/2, 323-333 (1996).
5. O. L. Zaika, O. M. Pochynyuk, and E. A. Lukyanetz, “Electrochemical studies of catecholamines-induced secretion from individual vesicles of rat chromaffin cells,” Ukr. Biokhim. Zh., 73, No. 3, 69-72 (2001).
Books
1. R. Frank, Electrical Nerve Stimulation. Theory, Experiments and Applications, New York (1990).
2. Arterial Hypertension – Medical and Social Problem (Methodical Manual of the Strazhesko Institute of Cardiology of the Acad. Sci. of Ukraine) [in Ukrainian], Vipol, Kyiv (2002).
3. V. Skok and A. Ivanov, Natural Activity of Autonomic Ganglia [in Russian], Naukova Dumka, Kyiv (1989).
Chapters in books
1. A. G. Bragin, and V. S. Stafekhina, “Participation of graft and host brain dendrites in the establishment of interconnections,” in: Progress in BrainResearch, Vol. 82, Chap. 31, S. B. Dunnett and S.-J. Richards (eds.), Elsevier, Amsterdam (1990), pp. 277-286.
2. G. Sieck and Y. Prakash, “Fatigue at the neuromuscular junction,” in: Fatigue, A. Gandevia et al. (eds.), Plenum Press, New York (1995), pp. 83-100.
3. W. D. Hirst, K. A. Young, E. Solito, and G. P. Wilkin, “Secretion of lipocortin-1 from activated microglia in the damaged central nervous system,” in: Proceedings of 3rd European Meeting on Glial Cell Function in Health and Disease (Athens, May 6-10, 1998), Athens (1998), p. 96.
The SI system of units should be used and maintained throughout the manuscript, including illustrations and tables. The molar concentrations should be indicated as M, mM, and μM but not in mole/liter, etc.
in the case where the earlier published figures should be urgently presented, please use, e.g., (i) Fig. 1 from Zhao et al. [2], or (ii) A and B fragments were taken from Kertcer [3] and slightly modified.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors 

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation can be achieved by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include:
  • The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)).
  • A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (e.g. “salami-publishing”).
  • No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.
    Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Consent to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors, as well as from the responsible authorities - tacitly or explicitly - at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
  • Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.
  • Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, corresponding author, and order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
  • Adding and/or deleting authors and/or changing the order of authors at revision stage may be justifiably warranted. A letter must accompany the revised manuscript to explain the reason for the change(s) and the contribution role(s) of the added and/or deleted author(s). Further documentation may be required to support your request.
  • Requests for addition or removal of authors as a result of authorship disputes after acceptance are honored after formal notification by the institute or independent body and/or when there is agreement between all authors.
  • Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential proprietary data is excluded.
If there is a suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been established beyond reasonable doubt, this may result in the Editor-in-Chief’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
  • If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the paper is maintained on the platform, watermarked "retracted" and explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
  • The author’s institution may be informed.

Compliance with Ethical Standards 

To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals.
Authors should include the following statements (if applicable) in a separate section entitled “Compliance with Ethical Standards” when submitting a paper:
  • Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest
  • Research involving Human Participants and/or Animals
  • Informed consent
Please note that standards could vary slightly per journal dependent on their peer review policies (i.e. single or double blind peer review) as well as per journal subject discipline. Before submitting your article check the instructions following this section carefully.
The corresponding author should be prepared to collect documentation of compliance with ethical standards and send if requested during peer review or after publication.
The Editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned guidelines. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned guidelines.

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest 

Authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could have direct or potential influence or impart bias on the work. Although an author may not feel there is any conflict, disclosure of relationships and interests provides a more complete and transparent process, leading to an accurate and objective assessment of the work. Awareness of a real or perceived conflicts of interest is a perspective to which the readers are entitled. This is not meant to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or compensation received for consultancy work is inappropriate. Examples of potential conflicts of interests that are directly or indirectly related to the research may include but are not limited to the following:
  • Research grants from funding agencies (please give the research funder and the grant number)
  • Honoraria for speaking at symposia
  • Financial support for attending symposia
  • Financial support for educational programs
  • Employment or consultation
  • Support from a project sponsor
  • Position on advisory board or board of directors or other type of management relationships
  • Multiple affiliations
  • Financial relationships, for example equity ownership or investment interest
  • Intellectual property rights (e.g. patents, copyrights and royalties from such rights)
  • Holdings of spouse and/or children that may have financial interest in the work
In addition, interests that go beyond financial interests and compensation (non-financial interests) that may be important to readers should be disclosed. These may include but are not limited to personal relationships or competing interests directly or indirectly tied to this research, or professional interests or personal beliefs that may influence your research.
The corresponding author collects the conflict of interest disclosure forms from all authors. In author collaborations where formal agreements for representation allow it, it is sufficient for the corresponding author to sign the disclosure form on behalf of all authors. Examples of forms can be found
The corresponding author will include a summary statement in the text of the manuscript in a separate section before the reference list, that reflects what is recorded in the potential conflict of interest disclosure form(s).
See below examples of disclosures:
Funding: This study was funded by X (grant number X).
Conflict of Interest: Author A has received research grants from Company A. Author B has received a speaker honorarium from Company X and owns stock in Company Y. Author C is a member of committee Z.
If no conflict exists, the authors should state:
Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals 

1) Statement of human rights

When reporting studies that involve human participants, authors should include a statement that the studies have been approved by the appropriate institutional and/or national research ethics committee and have been performed in accordance with the ethical standards as laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration or comparable standards, the authors must explain the reasons for their approach, and demonstrate that the independent ethics committee or institutional review board explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
The following statements should be included in the text before the References section:
Ethical approval: “All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.”
For retrospective studies, please add the following sentence:
“For this type of study formal consent is not required.”

2) Statement on the welfare of animals

The welfare of animals used for research must be respected. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals have been followed, and that the studies have been approved by a research ethics committee at the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted (where such a committee exists).
For studies with animals, the following statement should be included in the text before the References section:
Ethical approval: “All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.”
If applicable (where such a committee exists): “All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted.”
If articles do not contain studies with human participants or animals by any of the authors, please select one of the following statements:
“This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.”
“This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.”
“This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.”

Informed consent 

All individuals have individual rights that are not to be infringed. Individual participants in studies have, for example, the right to decide what happens to the (identifiable) personal data gathered, to what they have said during a study or an interview, as well as to any photograph that was taken. Hence it is important that all participants gave their informed consent in writing prior to inclusion in the study. Identifying details (names, dates of birth, identity numbers and other information) of the participants that were studied should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and genetic profiles unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the participant (or parent or guardian if the participant is incapable) gave written informed consent for publication. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve in some cases, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of participants is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic profiles, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning.
The following statement should be included:
Informed consent: “Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.”
If identifying information about participants is available in the article, the following statement should be included:
“Additional informed consent was obtained from all individual participants for whom identifying information is included in this article.”

English Language Editing 

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:
  • Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
  • Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review. Two such services are provided by our affiliates Nature Research Editing Service and American Journal Experts. Springer authors are entitled to a 10% discount on their first submission to either of these services, simply follow the links below.
Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in this journal and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.
If your manuscript is accepted it will be checked by our copyeditors for spelling and formal style before publication.

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为便于编辑和评审专家准确评估您稿件中陈述的研究工作,您需要确保您的英语语言质量足以令人理解。如果您需要英文写作方面的帮助,您可以考虑:
● 请一位以英语为母语的同事审核您的稿件是否表意清晰。
● 查看一些有关英语写作中常见语言错误的教程。
● 使用专业语言编辑服务,编辑人员会对英语进行润色,以确保您的意思表达清晰,并识别需要您复核的问题。我们的附属机构 Nature Research Editing Service 和合作伙伴 American Journal Experts 即可提供此类服务。
请注意,使用语言编辑服务并非在期刊上发表文章的必要条件,同时也并不意味或保证文章将被选中进行同行评议或被接受。
如果您的稿件被接受,在发表之前,我们的文字编辑会检查您的文稿拼写是否规范以及文体是否正式。

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エディターと査読者があなたの論文を正しく評価するには、使用されている英語の質が十分に高いことが必要とされます。英語での論文執筆に際してサポートが必要な場合には、次のオプションがあります:
・英語を母国語とする同僚に、原稿で使用されている英語が明確であるかをチェックしてもらう。
・英語で執筆する際のよくある間違いに関する英語のチュートリアルを参照する。
・プロの英文校正サービスを利用する。校正者が原稿の意味を明確にしたり、問題点を指摘し、英語の質を向上させます。Nature Research Editing Service とAmerican Journal Experts の2つは弊社と提携しているサービスです。Springer の著者は、いずれのサービスも初めて利用する際には10%の割引を受けることができます。以下のリンクを参照ください。
英文校正サービスの利用は、投稿先のジャーナルに掲載されるための条件ではないこと、また論文審査や受理を保証するものではないことに留意してください。
原稿が受理されると、出版前に弊社のコピーエディターがスペルと体裁のチェックを行います。

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영어 원고의 경우, 에디터 및 리뷰어들이 귀하의 원고에 실린 결과물을 정확하게 평가할 수 있도록, 그들이 충분히 이해할 수 있을 만한 수준으로 작성되어야 합니다. 만약 영작문과 관련하여 도움을 받기를 원하신다면 다음의 사항들을 고려하여 주십시오:
• 귀하의 원고의 표현을 명확히 해줄 영어 원어민 동료를 찾아서 리뷰를 의뢰합니다.
• 영어 튜토리얼 페이지에 방문하여 영어로 글을 쓸 때 자주하는 실수들을 확인합니다.
• 리뷰에 대비하여, 원고의 의미를 명확하게 해주고 리뷰에서 요구하는 문제점들을 식별해서 영문 수준을 향상시켜주는 전문 영문 교정 서비스를 이용합니다. Nature Research Editing Service와 American Journal Experts에서 저희와 협약을 통해 서비스를 제공하고 있습니다. Springer 저자들이 본 교정 서비스를 첫 논문 투고를 위해 사용하시는 경우 10%의 할인이 적용되며, 아래의 링크를 통하여 확인이 가능합니다.
영문 교정 서비스는 게재를 위한 요구사항은 아니며, 해당 서비스의 이용이 피어 리뷰에 논문이 선택되거나 게재가 수락되는 것을 의미하거나 보장하지 않습니다.
원고가 수락될 경우, 출판 전 저희측 편집자에 의해 원고의 철자 및 문체를 검수하는 과정을 거치게 됩니다.

REQUIREMENTS FOR AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF THE MANUSCRIPT 

A complete set of the materials should be sent as an attachment at neph@biph.kiev.ua or jneunfdv@biph.kiev.ua. Please note that the text and a set of the original illustrations should be presented as separate files. The text only should be saved as RTF. Line illustration files can be submitted in the formats of software used by the authors (in the order of preferred format: Origin, CorelDraw, Excel, or Word). Halftone illustrations (microphotographs and original artwork) should be scanned at 600 dpi resolution (at original size, grayscale) and saved as TIFF or EPS format. Multipart figures should be presented in the assembled form, as one file.
If presentation of some illustrations in color is expedient, they are acceptable.
The text (including chemical and physical symbols, mathematical formulae, equations, and tables) should be prepared using Microsoft Word; using Times New Roman font (size 14) is preferable. Italic, Bold, sub- and superscripts, Greek symbols, and mathematical and special characters should be used if necessary.
In the case where the manuscript will need additional editing, the Editorial Board will agree this with the Author(s). The edited text of the paper will be sent to the Author(s) by e-mail for final coordination.

CONTACT 

Editorial Board of Neurophysiology/Neirofiziologiya
Bogomolets Institute of Physiology
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Bogomolets Street 4
01024 Kyiv
UKRAINE
Tel: (38044) 256 20 63, 256 25 26
FAX: (38044) 256 20 00
E-mail: neph@biph.kiev.ua; jneunfdv@biph.kiev.ua

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    Neurophysiology features a broad, interdisciplinary scope, which covers original studies on molecular, cellular, and systemic neurophysiology, functional neuromorphology, neuropharmacology, and neurochemistry.

    Papers on neuromuscular physiology, neural mechanisms of higher nervous activity and behavior, neuropsychology, medical aspects of neurophysiology, and modeling of neural functions are also accepted. Both original experimental papers and review papers on modern problems of neuroscience can be submitted.

    All articles are peer-reviewed.

    Neurophysiology is published in conjunction with the Bogomolets Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv). An authentic version of Neurophysiology in Ukrainian/Russian, entitled Neirofiziologiya, is published approximately one month after the original English edition.

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