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For Authors & Editors - Manuscript Guidelines Journals | Instructions for Authors

Instructions for Authors

Instruction for Authors 

Editorial Contact Information

Martin Kreitman
Department of Ecology and Evolution
University of Chicago
1101 E. 57th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
Telephone: 773-702-1222
Fax: 773-702-9740
e-mail: mkre@midway.uchicago.edu

Copyright

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all coauthors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities at the institute where the work has been carried out; that, if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher; that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holders; that written permission of the copyright holder is obtained by the authors for material used from other copyrighted sources; and that any costs associated with obtaining this permission are the authors' responsibility.

Preparation of Manuscripts

Authors are strongly encouraged to submit manuscripts online. This will allow even quicker and more efficient processing of your manuscript.
Please use the link "Submit Online" on the journal's homepage to upload your manuscripts following the instructions given on the screen.
Please note: if you have submitted an article online before, please hit the "check for existing account" button on the Manuscript Central homepage. You will then receive an automatic e-mail with your user id and password. Otherwise please create a new account and then follow the instructions given on the screen.
Manuscripts should be typewritten or prepared on a word processor, with all material double-spaced, on one side of letter-sized paper, with suitably wide margins. All pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with page 1, the title page. Tables and figures should be numbered serially, and legends to illustrations should be prepared on separate sheets. Tables and figures will be placed near their first mention in the text; all tables and figures must be referred to in the manuscript.
Title Page: The following elements must be included:
  • Title of the article;
  • Name(s) and initial(s) of author(s), preferably with first names spelled out;
  • Affiliation(s) of author(s);
  • Footnotes to the contribution title;
  • Name, address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
Abstract: Each article is to be preceded by a succinct abstract, of up to 250 words, that highlights the objectives, methods, results, and conclusions of the paper.
Key Words: To identify the subjects under which the article may be indexed, 6-10 key words should be provided.
References: In the text, references to the literature should be by author and year; where there are two authors, both should be named; with three or more only the first author's name plus "et al." need be given. The list at the end of the paper should include only works mentioned in the text and should be arranged alphabetically by name of first author. References should be cited as follows:
  • Journal papers -- name(s) and initial(s) of author(s), year in brackets, full title, name of the journal as abbreviated in Chemical Abstracts, volume number, first and last page numbers:
    Quiring R, Walldorf U, Koter U, Gehring WJ (1994) Homology of the eyeless gene of Drosophila to the small eye gene in mice and aniridia in humans. Science 265:785
  • Books -- name(s) of author(s), year in brackets, full title, edition, publishers, place of publication, page number:
    Maizels N, Weiner AM (1993) The genomic tag hypothesis: modern viruses as fossils of ancient strategies for genomic replication. In: Gesteland RF, Atkins JF (eds) The RNA world. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York, pp. 577 -- 602
    Li W - (1997) Molecular evolution. Sinauer Assosiates, Sunderland, MA
Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic references rests entirely with the author, who is requested to use as few "in press" citations as possible. In press citations must include the name of the journal that has accepted the paper.
Footnotes: Those in the text should be numbered consecutively. Footnotes to the title or authors of the article are marked by asterisks and placed on the title page.
Sequences: Sequences that are used merely as data points in statistical calculations or graphs should, if possible, be referred to by their accession numbers only. Authors should be quoted by name when their sequences are discussed individually or presented in alignments.
Illustrations: These should be suitable for reproduction, and should clarify or shorten the text. Information provided in figure legends should not be repeated in the text. Figures and graphs should always be mentioned in the text and numbered with Arabic numerals. Preferred file formats include .tif and .jpg; please see Manuscript Central for more details.
Color Figures: Color can be used without charge for the electronic edition of the journal but will appear in the printed version of the journal at the author's expense: $1150.00 per article.
Computer Software: Any software referred to among methods used must be obtainable either commercially or upon request from the authors. In submitting a manuscript to the Journal, authors accept the obligation to furnish upon request any information necessary for reproducing the methodologies on which their results are based. The methods used for preparing and analyzing alignments must be stated precisely.
Mathematical Equations: These should be clearly prepared, and annotated if necessary. Primes and dots must be called to the attention of the typesetter. Differentiate legibly between number 1, capital letter I, and lower case letter l. Use fractional exponents instead of root signs and the solidus (/) for fractions wherever their use will save vertical space. Use exp () notation when the exponent is sizable. All equations must be numbered sequentially, on the right-hand side of the column, in parenthetic Arabic numerals.
Organisms: Must be identified by their scientific binomen.
Homology: The term should not be used in the sense of structural similarity but only in its biological sense of derivation of structures from a common ancestral structure.
Abbreviations, Symbols, Units, etc.: Acronyms and symbols must be defined at first mention, in titles, abstracts, as well as within the text. For nomenclature, abbreviations, symbols, and units, authors should follow internationally accepted rules, including those adopted by the Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature.

Guidelines for Electronically Produced Illustrations for Print

Upload illustrations separately from the text (i.e. files should not be integrated with the text files).
Vector (line) Graphics
Suitable drawing program: Adobe Illustrator. For simple line art the following drawing programs are also acceptable: Corel Draw, Freehand, Canvas.
No rules narrower than .25 pt.
No gray screens paler than 15% or darker than 60%.
Screens meant to be differentiated from one another must differ by at least 15%.
Halftone Illustrations
Black & white and color illustrations should be saved in TIFF format.
Illustrations should be created using Adobe Photoshop whenever possible.
Scans
Scanned reproductions of black and white photographs should be provided as 300 ppi TIFF files.
Scanned color illustrations should be provided as TIFF files scanned at a minimum of 300 ppi with a 24-bit color depth.
Line art should be provided as TIFF files at 600 ppi.
Graphics from Videos
Separate files should be prepared for frames from a video that are to be printed in the journal. When preparing these files you should follow the same rules as listed under Halftone Illustrations.

Guidelines for Electronically Produced Illustrations for ONLINE

Quicktime (.mov) is the preferred format, but .rm, .avi, .mpg, etc. are acceptable.
No video file should be larger than 2MB. To decrease the size of your file, consider changing one or more of the following variables: frame speed, number of colors/greys, viewing size (in pixels), or compression. Video is subject to Editorial review and approval.

Appendices and Supplementary Material

Authors who wish to publish electronic supplementary material to their article (Excel files, images, audio/video files) should upload these materials, with the appropriate designation, to the Manuscript Central website along with the rest of their submission.