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For Authors & Editors - Manuscript Guidelines Journals |

Publishing Ethics 

Intellectual Dishonesty and Plagiarism
As a leading international scientific journal, Fish Physiology and Biochemistry is deeply committed to the practice of intellectual honesty in all dealings. Infractions against generally acceptable standards for research and publication of results are taken very seriously.
Examples of such infractions include, but are not limited to:
Fabrication/falsification: making up research findings or manipulating research data with the intention of giving a false impression.
Plagiarism: representing the thoughts, words, ideas, discoveries or data of another as one’s own original work. Plagiarism includes copying the work or part of the work of another, either published or unpublished, without giving a proper reference or citation.
Redundant/Duplicate publication*: the resubmission of literal or substantial parts of the author’s own published work, presented as if it were a completely new work.
*Translations of work previously published in another language: these may be considered but only under very narrow conditions. See Statement of Editorial and Publication Policies for the conditions. Failure to comply with these conditions is a serious offence.
Disputed authorship:
Authorship without the author’s knowledge: a person is mentioned as an author in an article on which he/she has not cooperated.
Unacknowledged authorship: an author is not acknowledged or incorrectly acknowledged for his/her contribution to an article.
Undeclared conflict of interest:
Authors: when authors fail to declare all conflicts of interest relevant to their publication (i.e. relationships, both financial and personal, that might affect the conduct or interpretation of their work and about which editors or readers might wish to be made aware).
Reviewers: when reviewers fail to declare all conflicts of interest relevant to the submission being considered (i.e. relationships, both financial and personal, that might prevent an unbiased and objective evaluation of the work).
ACTIONS
Upon receiving report of an alleged offense of intellectual dishonesty, the editorial staff will commence an investigation.
If after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author(s) will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue.
A copy of this letter may also be sent to the head of the respective institute/ university.
If misconduct has been proven, this may result in implementation of the following measures including, but not limited to:
• If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
• If the article has already been published online, depending on the severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed beside the article or in severe cases complete withdrawal of the article will occur.
• The author may be barred from submitting or publishing the results of any future studies in Fish Physiology and Biochemistry.
• Chief editors of other Springer journals may be informed about the perpetrated act and related decision.