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Instructions for Authors

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions E: Materials for Energy Systems

Author Guidelines 

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions publishes contributions on all aspects of research and significant engineering advances in materials science.
All manuscripts, including symposia, will be judged by qualified reviewers according to established criteria for technical merit. The review procedure begins in the editorial office as a Key Reader is assigned by the Principal Editor or Associate Editor. The Key Reader chooses one or two reviewers for the manuscript and submits his recommendation, based on his own and the reviewers’ judgments, to the editorial office. The Principal Editor or Associate Editor then makes a final decision on the paper. Submission of a manuscript is representation that it has neither been copyrighted, published, nor submitted for publication elsewhere. Prior publication is a basis for rejection. Appearance in a conference proceedings or similar special presentation with limited distribution is not necessarily prior publication. In such cases, the article should be so referenced.

Journal Classifications 

Approved manuscripts will be published according to subject matter. Assignment is made in the Editorial Office, but author guidance is appreciated concerning appearance and the classification of the manuscript according to current nomenclature used in the Table of Contents. There are two classes of papers:
Technical Publication: Manuscripts should represent completed original work embodying the results of extensive field, plant, laboratory, or theoretical investigation, or new interpretations of existing problems. Materials must be considered to have significant permanent value. In addition to technical acceptability, material should be presented clearly and concisely. Of particular importance is the description of the experimental procedures involved in the experiment. It is very important that critical information about experimental conditions be included so that the work can be verified by other scientists.
Communication: This class provides more rapid publication of short items. Divisional headings are not used. The length for a Communication should be about 2500 words of text (with an abstract of approximately 75 words), accompanied by whatever figures and tables may be required to support this text. These fall in the following categories:
  • theoretical or experimental work of immediate current interest;
  • discussion of Technical Publications and Communications. These should contribute to the original article by providing confirmation or additional interpretation. They will be referred to original authors for reply. Discussions and authors’ replies will be published concurrently when possible.
  • announcements and summaries of computations, and computer programs or other compilations, which are available on request from the author or a specified agency.

Manuscript Submission Guidelines 

1. Color printing of photographic material can be arranged. This will involve an additional charge of $1,150.00 per article with color art. Authors should correspond with the editor regarding specific papers.
2. The abstract is the authors’ summary of a scientific paper and is included in the review procedure. It should indicate newly observed facts, conclusions, and the essential parts of any new theory, treatment, apparatus, technique, etc. It should be concise and informative and only in exceptional cases exceed 200 words (for a Technical Publication) or 75 words (for a Communication).
3. References should be double-spaced and listed on a separate sheet. The required format is shown in the section entitled “Styling of References”.
4. If the paper depends on unpublished work, files of the unpublished materials should be uploaded as supplemental files to assist the referees in their evaluation.
5. Extensive revision at the authors’ option of text or figures in proof is costly and will be charged to authors. Typographical errors may be corrected and references updated without charge.
6. There are no facilities for translating or making editorial revisions of foreign contributions. All publication is in English, and papers must be submitted in proper form. Canadian and British spelling should be changed to Americanized versions.
7. The policy of Metallurgical and Materials Transactions is to use the International System of Units (SI). For guidelines, see National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 003-003-02380-9 (for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402) or online at http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Units/i ndex.html. If other units are required for special situations, a conversion to SI units must be provided in parentheses or in a table.
8. Avoid the use of proprietary information whenever possible. Such use can occasionally be justified if this is the best way to specify a particular material or process.
9. A series of papers dealing with separate aspects of a subject should be cross referenced. Divisions, such as Part I, Part II, etc. are not recommended, as they complicate the review procedure and abstract listings. If such divisions are considered essential, they should be justified by the author at the time of submission and are subject to approval in review.
10. A Table of Symbols should be included when symbols are used extensively throughout a paper.

Images Submission Guidelines 

1. Image Size: An image intended for the journal's double column format (i.e., an image to fit into the space of a single column on the 2-column layout), should be sized to 84 mm (3.30 inch or 20 picas). Images submitted for a layout that spans both columns (i.e., an image that will occupy the full-page width) should have an image width of 176 mm. (6.93 inch or 41.5 picas). These image sizes must be followed to ensure the proper image resolutions.
2. Image File Formats: Acceptable file formats for graphic images are TIFF, EPS, and JPEG. Graphics must be submitted separately. They should not be submitted in a “Suite” document (such as MSOffice, MSWord, Corel, etc). There are two main reasons for this requirement. All images placed into a typical Suite product are converted to RGB, a format for electronic presentation (on-screen) which often causes a loss of quality in print. Also, it is likely that some embedded fonts in a Suite document may not be available for use in the make-ready of the manuscript for publication and will be automatically replaced with a default font.
3. When saving EPS files that contain text, all fonts should be converted to outlines.
4. Image Resolution: The recommended resolution for photographs (raster images) is 300 dpi (dots per inch). The recommended resolution for line art (charts or images that contain typographic elements) is 600 dpi.
5. Images that are expected to be scaled to a larger size for final print need to be submitted with enough initial resolution to print at that enlarged size. For example: If a photographic image is expected to be enlarged by 200% for placement in the final typeset manuscript, the original image should have a resolution of 600 dpi. A 600 dpi photo scaled to 200% yields a graphic with a final resolution of 300 dpi.
6. An image with final resolution of less than 212 dpi for raster images or 400 dpi for line art will result in a decrease in the final print quality. Poor image quality becomes more evident as the graphic image dpi decreases below the acceptable range.
7. Image Color-Space: Most photographic software available allows the user to use different color-spaces for images. Some of these choices are CMYK, Grayscale, RGB, Index, and LAB. Images that are prepared with any other color space must be converted to one of these acceptable file types for publication. Since this conversion may yield unexpected results, it is recommended that files are properly prepared by the author before being submitted for publication. The following color spaces are acceptable for offset printing:
  • CMYK for color graphics
  • Grayscale for black-and-white photographs
  • Bitmap for black-and-white line art
8. Grayscale and CMYK images should not utilize “Indexing” and should not have “Color Profiles” embedded in them. Either of these options can severely compromise the optimal quality of the image.
9. Supplied Images with Thin Rules: In the published form, the minimum thickness of lines (rules) used to present drawn art is 0.25 point. If a drawn image will be reduced in size for publication, the lines used to draw the original art must be thick enough to be reduced and still meet the minimum requirement. Lines thinner than 0.25 point thickness may be completely lost if an image is reduced in size.
10. Figures in proofs sent to authors are low resolution in order to make downloading more efficient. Article PDF files posted online are also low resolution for faster download. All images in the printed issues are high resolution
11. Figure captions must appear on the figures themselves.

Styling of References 

1. A journal reference should be readily available on subscription and included in most library collections. Use journal abbreviations as given in the current listing of Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index. Article titles are not to be included.
Example: Author: Journal, year, ser., vol., pp.
R.M. Horn and Robert O. Ritchie: Metall. Trans. A, 1978, vol. 9A, pp. 1039-53.
2. References to books should include the title and pages within the book.
Example: Author: Book, edition, publisher, place, date, pages.
George E. Dieter: Mechanical Metallurgy, 2 nd ed., McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, NY, 1976, pp. 160-65.
3. A “private communication” or “unpublished research” may be referenced when required to give proper credit. The citation must include the affiliation and location of the person involved, as well as the year. Papers presented at meetings but not published fall under this category.
Example: J.J. Doe: AAA Company, Washington, DC, unpublished research, 2004.
4. References to internal reports and other publications of limited availability (not available by subscription) are not desirable. However, they will be permitted when the use results in a saving of page space or is required for proper recognition. In these matters, the author’s judgment must be supported by the review committee and editor. The report should be available on request and include the source from which a copy may be obtained.
Example: J.J. Doe: Report No. 738, AAA Company, Washington, DC, January 2004.
5. “In Press” references must include the name of the journal. Balance of reference should be supplied when available. This may be done on the proofs.
6. References such as “submitted for publication” and “to be published” are not acceptable. If the item is still undergoing review, use same format as “unpublished research” above.
7. References must be numbered throughout the manuscript and presented in consecutive numerical order on reference page.
8. No other references will be published.

Electronic Submission of Manuscripts 

Please note that to achieve optimal performance, we recommend that your browser should be the most current version of either Safari (for MAC users) or Internet Explorer (for PC users). Free upgrades to the most recent versions are available on our websites.
Manuscripts may be submitted electronically to the journal via the internet. For MMTE, the site is http://mmte.msubmit.net/. All reviews for electronically submitted manuscripts will occur online in a secure environment, and letters and comments concerning the papers will be transmitted via e-mail to the corresponding author. Please visit the site(s) to learn what information should be gathered before submitting the paper. All submissions for MMTE will be accepted only electronically.
The manuscript submission process is broken into a series of four screens that gather detailed information about your manuscript and allow you to upload the pertinent files. The sequence of screens is as follows:
1. A long form asking for author, title, abstract, and file quantities. Note: At the bottom of this screen is a button allowing you to save what you have done and come back later. It is recommended, though, that you try to submit your paper in one session if possible.
2. A screen asking for the actual file locations (via an open file dialog). After completing this screen, your files will be uploaded to the server.
3. A completion screen that will provide you with a specific manuscript number for your manuscript.
4. An approval screen that will allow you to verify that your manuscript has been uploaded and converted to PDF correctly.
Before submitting a manuscript, please gather the following information:
  • All authors (first and last names, postal address and work telephone number (for Corresponding Author only), e-mail addresses
  • Title (can be cut and pasted from your manuscript)
  • Abstract (can be cut and pasted from your manuscript)
  • Manuscript files in PDF, Word (Please make sure the “Language” is “English (U.S.)”) via Tools›Language›Set Language), Word-Perfect, EPS, text, Postscript, or RTF format. Note: If your paper is accepted for publication, the publisher will not be able to use PDF files. PDF is acceptable only for the initial submission and review process.
  • Figures/images must be supplied separately as TIFF, EPS, and JPEG files. They should not be embedded in the manuscript file.
  • Contact information (e-mail address and institution) of desired possible peer reviewers (if any)
Please note that if you are submitting a PDF file, you must embed in this PDF the fonts used in the original article file (e.g., Chinese, Korean, or Japanese fonts). Otherwise, there is a good chance you will be requested to forward the original word processing file for your paper, which will then prolong the review process.
Please note that manuscripts submitted with LaTeX files are slightly modified during the TeX-editing process in order to follow the standard format of the journal.
After the manuscript is submitted, you will be taken to a page that will allow you to review your manuscript’s converted PDF file. If the conversion is not correct, you can replace or delete the manuscript files as necessary. After you have reviewed the converted files, you will need to click on “Approve Manuscript”. This link will have a red arrow next to it. Throughout the system, red arrows reflect pending action that you should address. If you need additional help, you can click on the Help signs spread throughout the system. A help dialog will pop up with context-sensitive help.

Editorial Review Procedure 

The manuscript submission and peer review process occurs in the following eight steps. Note: Beware of duplicate submission.
1. Author submits manuscript.
2. Principal Editor assigns an Associate Editor to manuscript.
3. Associate Editor assigns a Key Reader to manuscript.
4. Key Reader assigns two reviewers.
5. Reviewers review the manuscript.
6. Key Reader makes a recommendation to Associate Editor.
7. Associate Editor makes a final decision.
8. Staff contacts author with decision.

Publication of Symposium Papers 

There are special situations when it is desirable to publish a group of papers concurrently in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. Typically, these arise when a technical committee has organized a meeting program of sessions on a particular theme. The material must be original, of high quality, and closely correlated but not sufficient to justify an independent monograph or proceedings-type publication. A high percentage of these would normally be published Metallurgical and Materials Transactions papers, but the authors and committees feel there is an additional benefit from concurrent publication.
To obtain approval, the organizer of the symposium should write to the Principal Editor, outlining the symposium scope, the papers to be considered, with abstracts if available. All manuscripts in the symposium will be reviewed according to Metallurgical and Materials Transactions standard review procedure.

Copyright Policy 

Metallurgical and Materials Transactionsis subject to the U.S. Copyright Law which became effective on January 1, 1978. Accordingly, the signed copyright transfer form must be received in the Editorial Office before the article can be processed for publication. This form, sent upon acceptance in the journal, must be signed by each author unless excepted as noted under Part A “work made for hire” or Part B, which pertains to U.S. Government employees. Other copyright transfer forms may not be substituted for this form.
This copyright transfer formalizes the author-publisher relations of professional societies and becomes effective when the manuscript is accepted for publication. If the article is not published in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions, the copyright transfer will not take effect. As the copyright owners for articles in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions, ASM International and The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society will continue to promote the widest dissemination of the technical information printed in these journals.

Annual Awards 

TMS – Champion H. Mathewson Award: Established to honor Dr. Champion H. Mathewson, President of the Institute in 1943, award is made for a paper which represents a notable contribution in metallurgical or materials science. Paper must have been published in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A or B any other TMS publication within the three-year period preceding the award. Please visit TMS Honors & Awards for additional awards and information.
ASM – Marcus A. Grossmann Young Author Award: Established to honor Dr. Marcus A. Grossmann, President of ASM in 1944, award is made to suitable author whose age is less than 40 years on 1 January of year in which paper was published in . Papers must have been published in the calendar year preceding that in which award is to be made.
ASM – Henry Marion Howe Award: Established to honor Dr. Henry Marion Howe, this is the oldest of the ASM awards and medals. Paper must have been published in the calendar year preceding that in which award is to be made.
Direct questions about this or any other Metallurgical and Materials Transactions page to mettrans@andrew.cmu.edu.

English Language Editing 

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:
  • Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
  • Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review. Two such services are provided by our affiliates Nature Research Editing Service and American Journal Experts. Springer authors are entitled to a 10% discount on their first submission to either of these services, simply follow the links below.
Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in this journal and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.
If your manuscript is accepted it will be checked by our copyeditors for spelling and formal style before publication.


● 请一位以英语为母语的同事审核您的稿件是否表意清晰。
● 查看一些有关英语写作中常见语言错误的教程。
● 使用专业语言编辑服务,编辑人员会对英语进行润色,以确保您的意思表达清晰,并识别需要您复核的问题。我们的附属机构 Nature Research Editing Service 和合作伙伴 American Journal Experts 即可提供此类服务。


・プロの英文校正サービスを利用する。校正者が原稿の意味を明確にしたり、問題点を指摘し、英語の質を向上させます。Nature Research Editing Service とAmerican Journal Experts の2つは弊社と提携しているサービスです。Springer の著者は、いずれのサービスも初めて利用する際には10%の割引を受けることができます。以下のリンクを参照ください。


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