NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security

Towards the Monitoring of Dumped Munitions Threat (MODUM)

A Study of Chemical Munitions Dumpsites in the Baltic Sea

Editors: Bełdowski, Jacek, Been, Robert, Turmus, Eyup Kuntay (Eds.)

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  • ISBN 978-94-024-1153-9
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Hardcover $189.00
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  • ISBN 978-94-024-1152-2
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Softcover $79.99
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  • ISBN 978-94-024-1161-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

This book describes the creation of a monitoring network, which can provide information about the exact locations and the environmental threats posed by chemical weapons (CW) dumpsites in the Baltic Sea region, using autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) and remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROVs), and utilising the existing research vessels of NATO partner institutions as launching platforms.

The dumping operations occurred shortly after World War II and included captured German munitions. Operations with munitions from the Soviet occupation zone were performed by the Soviet Navy, operations with munitions from British and American occupation zones were performed in areas outside of the Baltic Sea (Skagerrak Strait); the fate of munitions from the French occupation zone was never reported. Due to difficult legal status of these munitions, and high costs of remediation and retrieval, removal of these weapons from the bottom of the Baltic Sea seems unlikely in the foreseeable future. These dumped chemical weapons pose an actual environmental and security hazard in the Baltic Sea Region. Nowadays, with more and more industrial activities being performed in the Baltic Sea Area, the threat level is rising. 

The AUV survey is based on the IVER2 platform by OceanServer, equipped with Klein 3500 side-scan sonar. The identification phase utilises several ROVs, equipped with targeting sonars, acoustic cameras capable of penetrating turbid bottom waters up to 20m, and visual HD cameras. A novel sediment sampling system, based on a camera and sonar equipped cassette sampler, has been developed to obtain surface sediments. The test phase described consists of a survey phase, which will locate the actual objects concerned, and a monitoring phase, which will concentrate on the collection of environmental data close to the objects concerned.

Table of contents (9 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Bełdowski, Jacek (et al.)

    Pages 1-17

  • Suitability Study of Survey Equipment Used in the MODUM Project

    Grabowski, Miłosz (et al.)

    Pages 19-47

  • Results of Acoustic Research in the CM Deploying Areas

    Klusek, Zygmunt (et al.)

    Pages 49-70

  • Chemical Analysis of Dumped Chemical Warfare Agents During the MODUM Project

    Söderström, Martin (et al.)

    Pages 71-103

  • Environmental Toxicity of CWAs and Their Metabolites

    Storgaard, Morten Swayne (et al.)

    Pages 105-128

Buy this book

eBook $59.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-024-1153-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $189.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-024-1152-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $79.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-024-1161-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Towards the Monitoring of Dumped Munitions Threat (MODUM)
Book Subtitle
A Study of Chemical Munitions Dumpsites in the Baltic Sea
Editors
  • Jacek Bełdowski
  • Robert Been
  • Eyup Kuntay Turmus
Series Title
NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security
Copyright
2018
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
eBook ISBN
978-94-024-1153-9
DOI
10.1007/978-94-024-1153-9
Hardcover ISBN
978-94-024-1152-2
Softcover ISBN
978-94-024-1161-4
Series ISSN
1874-6519
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVII, 240
Number of Illustrations and Tables
101 illustrations in colour
Topics