NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics

Magnetic Resonance Detection of Explosives and Illicit Materials

Editors: Apih, T., Rameev, B., Mozzhukhin, G., Barras, J. (Eds.)

  • Covers both detection of solid explosives by NQR and liquid explosives by NMR
  • Comprehensive review of recent progress and opened problems
  • Progress in 14N nuclear quadrupole resonance techniques
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About this book

Detection of concealed explosives is a notoriously difficult problem, and many different approaches have been proposed to solve this problem. Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) is unique in many ways. It operates in a safe AM radio frequency range, and it can remotely detect unique “fingerprint” (NQR spectrum) of many explosives, such as TNT or RDX. As such, the detection of target does not depend on the shape or material of the container, or the presence of metallic object such as triggers etc. Spectra of chemically similar compounds differ enough that their presence never causes interference or false alarms. Unfortunately, widespread use is prevented due to low sensitivity, radiofrequency interference from the noisy environment, and inability to detect liquid explosives. This book presents current state of the art of the attempts to overcome NQR sensitivity problem, either by increasing the strengths of signals generated, or by increasing the specificity of the technique through a better understanding of the factors that affect the quadrupolar parameters of specific explosives. The use of these specific quadrupolar parameters is demonstrated on signal processing techniques that can detect weak signals, which are hidden in a noisy background. The problem of differentiation of liquid explosives and benign liquids in closed containers is approached by measurements of different nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) parameters. As shown, a couple of solutions has reached a prototype stage and could find their use in a near future.

Table of contents (14 chapters)

  • Further Improvement of NQR Technique for Detection of Illicit Substances

    Rudakov, Taras N.

    Pages 3-17

  • An Overview of NQR Signal Detection Algorithms

    Butt, Naveed R. (et al.)

    Pages 19-33

  • Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance of Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN) in Different Compositions

    Rowe, Michael D. (et al.)

    Pages 35-43

  • Cross-Relaxation Enhanced NQR of Ammonium Nitrate in Low Magnetic Field

    Mozzhukhin, Georgy V. (et al.)

    Pages 45-59

  • Investigating Homonuclear Broadening in NQR with Carr-Purcell Meiboom-Gill Performed on p-Chloroaniline

    Malone, Michael W. (et al.)

    Pages 61-67

Buy this book

eBook $69.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7265-6
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $189.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7264-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $89.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7267-0
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Rent the ebook  
  • Rental duration: 1 or 6 month
  • low-cost access
  • online reader with highlighting and note-making option
  • can be used across all devices
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Magnetic Resonance Detection of Explosives and Illicit Materials
Editors
  • Tomaz Apih
  • Bulat Rameev
  • Georgy Mozzhukhin
  • Jamie Barras
Series Title
NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics
Copyright
2014
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
eBook ISBN
978-94-007-7265-6
DOI
10.1007/978-94-007-7265-6
Hardcover ISBN
978-94-007-7264-9
Softcover ISBN
978-94-007-7267-0
Series ISSN
1874-6500
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
X, 168
Number of Illustrations and Tables
34 b/w illustrations, 50 illustrations in colour
Topics