Springer Theses

Swarm Planning

The Development of a Planning Methodology to Deal with Climate Adaptation

Authors: Roggema, Rob

  • Opens a new, more flexible way of thinking about how to plan for and respond to climate adaptation, based on the behavior of swarms in nature
  • Emphasizes new approaches to spatial design and planning which anticipate future uncertainty
  • Offers many examples using the Swarm Planning Framework to design landscapes
  • Richly illustrated with color maps and images  
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Buy this book

eBook $99.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7152-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7151-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $129.00
price for USA
  • Customers within the U.S. and Canada please contact Customer Service at 1-800-777-4643, Latin America please contact us at +1-212-460-1500 (Weekdays 8:30am – 5:30pm ET) to place your order.
  • Due: October 14, 2016
  • ISBN 978-94-024-0734-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
About this book

This book shows that the problem of climate adaptation, which is described in social planning terms as ‘wicked,’ is at odds with the contemporary practice of spatial planning. The author proposes a new adjusted framework which is more adaptable to unpredictable, wicked, dynamic and non-linear processes. The inspiration for this new method is the behaviour of swarms: bees, ants, birds and fish are capable of self-organization, which enables the system to become less vulnerable to sudden environmental changes. The framework proposed in Swarm Planning consists of these four elements: Two levels of complexity, the first being the whole system and the second its individual components. Each of these has different attributes for adapting to change. Five layers, consisting of networks, focal points, unplanned space, natural resources and emerging occupation patterns. Each layer has its own spatial dynamic, and each is connected to a spatial scale. Non-linear processes, which emerge in different parts of the framework and include emerging patterns, connectedness and tipping points among others. Two planning processes; the first, ‘from small to large’ works upward from the slowest changing elements to more rapidly-changing ones. The second, ‘on the list of partners’ addresses each layer from networks through emerging occupation patterns. Swarm Planning applies this framework to a series of pilot studies, and appraises its performance using criteria for an adaptive landscape. The results show that the use of the Swarm Planning Framework reduces the vulnerability of landscapes as well as the impact of climate hazards and disasters, improves response to unexpected hazards and contains adaptation strategies.

“This book is a must for planners in government and the private sector as it outlines the concept, strategies and techniques for swarm planning. It is also an important guide for policymakers looking to engage communities in a dialogue about the adaptation planning process.”

Professor John Martin, La Trobe University

“The ultimate value of the book lies in encouraging the planning community to consider options that go far beyond those offered by business-as-usual planning methodologies developed for a set of operating conditions that are fast becoming obsolete. As such it makes an important and much needed contribution to the field.”

Assistant Professor Dr. Chrisna du Plessis, University of Pretoria

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Table of contents (10 chapters)

  • Introduction, Methodology, Limitations

    Roggema, Rob

    Pages 1-30

  • Towards a Spatial Planning Framework for Climate Adaptation

    Roggema, Rob

    Pages 31-65

  • Developing a Planning Theory for Wicked Problems: Swarm Planning

    Roggema, Rob

    Pages 67-89

  • Incremental Change, Transition or Transformation? Optimising Change Pathways for Climate Adaptation in Spatial Planning

    Roggema, Rob

    Pages 91-115

  • The Use of Spatial Planning to Increase the Resilience for Future Turbulence in the Spatial System of the Groningen Region to Deal with Climate Change

    Roggema, Rob

    Pages 117-161

Buy this book

eBook $99.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7152-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7151-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $129.00
price for USA
  • Customers within the U.S. and Canada please contact Customer Service at 1-800-777-4643, Latin America please contact us at +1-212-460-1500 (Weekdays 8:30am – 5:30pm ET) to place your order.
  • Due: October 14, 2016
  • ISBN 978-94-024-0734-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Swarm Planning
Book Subtitle
The Development of a Planning Methodology to Deal with Climate Adaptation
Authors
Series Title
Springer Theses
Copyright
2014
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
eBook ISBN
978-94-007-7152-9
DOI
10.1007/978-94-007-7152-9
Hardcover ISBN
978-94-007-7151-2
Softcover ISBN
978-94-024-0734-1
Series ISSN
2190-5053
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXIX, 286
Number of Illustrations and Tables
30 b/w illustrations, 100 illustrations in colour
Topics