Chlorophyll Biosynthesis and Technological Applications

Authors: Rebeiz, Constantin A.

  • Highly original
  • Covers plant physiology, biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biology
  • Contains two appendices of about 4.000 pages of molecular biology searches
see more benefits

Buy this book

eBook $159.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7134-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $209.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7133-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $209.00
price for USA
  • Customers within the U.S. and Canada please contact Customer Service at 1-800-777-4643, Latin America please contact us at +1-212-460-1500 (Weekdays 8:30am – 5:30pm ET) to place your order.
  • Due: June 12, 2016
  • ISBN 978-94-024-0185-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
About this book

Heme and chlorophyll (Chl) are porphyrins. Porphyrins (also referred to as tetrapyrroles) are essential for life in the biosphere. Chlorophyll catalyzes the conversion of solar energy to chemical energy via the process of photosynthesis. Organic life in the biosphere is made possible by consumption of the chemical energy generated by photosynthesis. Hemes are the prosthetic groups of cytochromes which are involved in electron transport during oxidative phosphorylation and photosynthetic phosphorylation which generate ATP and NADPH. The latter are essential for many cellular functions. Chlorophyll on the other hands catalyzes the process of photosynthesis. Indeed, life in the biosphere depends on the process of photosynthesis which converts light energy, carbon dioxide and water into the chemical energy, required for the formation of food and fiber. Photosynthetic efficiency is controlled by extrinsic factors such as the availability of water, CO2, inorganic nutrients, ambient temperature and the metabolic and developmental state of the plant, as well as by intrinsic factors (Lien and San Pietro, 1975). The most important intrinsic factor is the efficiency of the photosynthetic electron transport system (PETS). Conventional agriculture is one of the few human activities that have not undergone a revolution to join other activities such as overcoming gravity by flying, and landing on the moon, crossing underwater the polar cap, and communicating wirelessly over long distances via electromagnetic waves. We now feel that enough biochemical and molecular biological knowledge has accumulated to render this dream amenable to experimentation. We believe that the time has come to bioengineer chloroplasts capable of synthesizing a short chain carbohydrate such as glycerol at rates that approach the upper theoretical limits of photosynthesis [Rebeiz, C. A. (2010) Investigations of possible relationships between the chlorophyll biosynthetic pathway and the assembly of chlorophyll-protein complexes and photosynthetic efficiency. In: Rebeiz, C. A. Benning, C., Bohnert, H.J., Daniell, H., Hoober J. K., Lichtenthaler, H. K., Portis , A. R., and Tripathy, B. C. eds. The chloroplast: Basics and Applications. Springer. The Netherlands, p 1-24]. In order to achieve this goal a thorough knowledge of the Chl biosynthetic pathway is needed along with knowledge in other domains (Rebeiz 2010). In this context, this monograph is devoted to an in depth discussion of our present knowledge of the Chl biosynthetic pathway. The complexity and biochemical heterogeneity of the Chl biosynthetic pathway and the relationship of this complexity to the structural and biosynthetic complexity of photosynthetic membranes will be emphasized. We will also emphasize in historical perspective, key stages in our understanding of the Chl biosynthetic heterogeneity. The reader should keep in mind that a complex biosynthetic process is only fully understood when it becomes possible to reconstitute in vitro every step of the process. We are not yet at this stage of understanding of thylakoid membrane biogenesis. Considerable progress has been achieved however, in the understanding of numerous facets of the Chl biosynthetic pathway, namely (a) detection and identification of various major and minor metabolic intermediates (b) precursor-product relationships between various intermediates, (c) structure and regulation of many enzymes of the pathway, and (d) the relationship of the Chl biosynthetic heterogeneity to the structural and functional heterogeneity of thylakoid membranes. In addition topics related to the development of Analytical techniques, Cell-free systems, Herbicides, Insecticides, and Cancericides are also discussed.

Table of contents (19 chapters)

  • Some Major Steps in the Understanding of the Chemistry and Biochemistry of Chl

    Rebeiz, Constantin A.

    Pages 1-32

  • Synopsis

    Rebeiz, Constantin A.

    Pages 33-64

  • Development of Analytical and Preparatory Techniques

    Rebeiz, Constantin A.

    Pages 65-129

  • Development of Cell-Free Systems

    Rebeiz, Constantin A.

    Pages 131-166

  • Reactions Between δ-Aminolevulinic Acid and Protoporphyrin IX

    Rebeiz, Constantin A.

    Pages 167-181

Buy this book

eBook $159.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7134-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $209.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-7133-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $209.00
price for USA
  • Customers within the U.S. and Canada please contact Customer Service at 1-800-777-4643, Latin America please contact us at +1-212-460-1500 (Weekdays 8:30am – 5:30pm ET) to place your order.
  • Due: June 12, 2016
  • ISBN 978-94-024-0185-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
Loading...

Recommended for you

Loading...

Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Chlorophyll Biosynthesis and Technological Applications
Authors
Copyright
2014
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Distribution Rights
Distribution rights for India: Delhi Book Store, New Delhi, India
eBook ISBN
978-94-007-7134-5
DOI
10.1007/978-94-007-7134-5
Hardcover ISBN
978-94-007-7133-8
Softcover ISBN
978-94-024-0185-1
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXXIV, 469
Number of Illustrations and Tables
75 b/w illustrations, 56 illustrations in colour
Topics