SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences

Three Great Tsunamis: Lisbon (1755), Sumatra-Andaman (2004) and Japan (2011)

Authors: Gupta, Harsh, Gahalaut, Vineet K.

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About this book

Tsunamis are primarily caused by earthquakes. Under favourable geological conditions, when a large earthquake occurs below the sea bed and the resultant rupture causes a vertical displacement of the ocean bed, the entire column of water above it is displaced, causing a tsunami. In the ocean, tsunamis do not reach great heights but can travel at velocities of up to 1000 km/hour. As a tsunami reaches shallow sea depths, there is a decrease in its velocity and an increase in its height. Tsunamis are known to have reached heights of several tens of meters and inundate several kilometres inland from the shore. Tsunamis can also be caused by displacement of substantial amounts of water by landslides, volcanic eruptions, glacier calving and rarely by meteorite impacts and nuclear tests in the ocean.
In this SpringerBrief, the causes of tsunamis, their intensity and magnitude scales, global distribution and a list of major tsunamis are provided. The three great tsunamis of 1755, 2004 and 2011are presented in detail. The 1755 tsunami caused by the Lisbon earthquake, now estimated to range from Mw 8.5 to 9.0, was the most damaging tsunami ever in the Atlantic ocean. It claimed an estimated 100,000 human lives and caused wide-spread damage. The 2004 Sumatra Andaman Mw 9.1 earthquake and the resultant tsunami were the deadliest ever to hit the globe, claiming over 230,000 human lives and causing wide-spread financial losses in several south and south-east Asian countries. The 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake and the resultant tsunami were a surprise to the seismologists in Japan and around the globe. The height of the tsunami far exceeded the estimated heights. It claimed about 20,000 human lives. The tsunami also caused nuclear accidents. This earthquake has given rise to a global debate on how to estimate the maximum size of an earthquake in a given region and the safety of nuclear power plants in coastal regions. This Brief also includes a description of key components of tsunami warning centres, progress in deploying tsunami watch and warning facilities globally, tsunami advisories and their communication, and the way forward.

Reviews

“This book covers a clear and definitive analysis of deadly natural disaster ‘tsunami’. The 89 page volume includes chapters that address the tsunami generation, characteristics and its impact on coastal community and environment through exemplifying three great tsunamis. … This book is a very good attempt to bring forth generations of tsunami research and developments through the review of lessons learnt from affected regions globally.” (Srinivasa Kumar Tummala, Journal of the Geological Society of India, Vol. 88, 2016)


Table of contents (6 chapters)

  • Fundamentals of Tsunamis

    Gupta, Harsh K. (et al.)

    Pages 1-19

  • 1755 Lisbon Earthquake Tsunami

    Gupta, Harsh K. (et al.)

    Pages 21-31

  • 2004 Sumatra–Andaman Earthquake and Tsunami

    Gupta, Harsh K. (et al.)

    Pages 33-52

  • 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake and Tsunami

    Gupta, Harsh K. (et al.)

    Pages 53-71

  • Global Effort to Forecast and Mitigate a Tsunami Hazard

    Gupta, Harsh K. (et al.)

    Pages 73-85

Buy this book

eBook $34.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-007-6576-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $49.95
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-6575-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Three Great Tsunamis: Lisbon (1755), Sumatra-Andaman (2004) and Japan (2011)
Authors
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer
eBook ISBN
978-94-007-6576-4
DOI
10.1007/978-94-007-6576-4
Softcover ISBN
978-94-007-6575-7
Series ISSN
2191-5369
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
IX, 89
Number of Illustrations and Tables
10 b/w illustrations, 59 illustrations in colour
Topics