SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences

South American and Antarctic Continental Cenozoic Birds

Paleobiogeographic Affinities and Disparities

Authors: Tambussi, Claudia P., Degrange, Federico

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About this book

Modern birds (Neornithes) are represented by two big lineages, the Palaeognathae (Tinamiformes + Ratitae) and the Neognathae [Galloanserae + Neoaves (Metaves + Coronoaves)]. Both clades sum approximately 10,000 species of which 60% are Passeriformes (the most diverse clade of terrestrial vertebrates). A comparison between the past and the present reveals a complex and hallmarked evolutionary and biogeographic history which would have begun over 65 million years ago. For South America (SA) this includes: (1) the presence of taxa with uncertain affinities and the absence of Passeriformes during the Paleogene; (2) a progressive and accelerated increase of the species starting at the Neogene (Miocene); (3) important extinct lineages (e.g. Phorusrhacidae, Teratornithidae) that migrate to North America after the rising of the Panamá isthmus; (4) groups with major diversification in the Neogene that survives nowadays represented by scarce species endemic of SA (Cariamidae) or that inhabits mainly in the southern hemisphere (Anhingidae); (5) very diverse living groups with scarce (e.g., Passeriformes) or none (e.g., Apodiformes) fossil record in SA, which stem-groups are registered in Europe. Apparently, the changes in diversity of the south American Neornithes have been the result of successive radiation, biogeographic connections with North America and in a minor scale, some extinctions. The opening of the Drake´s passage and the occurrence of the circumpolar Antarctic flow are not sufficient causes to explain the highly disparity between the weddelians penguins (Sphenisciformes) of Antartica and those of the patagonian Atlantic Ocean.

About the authors

Claudia P. Tambussi has a PhD in Natural Science (Universidad Nacional de La Plata, UNLP) and is Coordinator of La Plata Museum Education Office. She is a Researcher of CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas) performing tasks in paleobiology and evolution of South American and Antarctic birds at La Plata Museum. She is a member of the editorial staff of the MUSEO Journal. She has written two popular science books, (co-)written over 60 scientific papers and contributed to textbooks of Natural Sciences.
Federico J. Degrange has a License in Biology, with orientation on paleontology, obtained at La Plata University. He is a member of CONICET, and an advanced PhD student in Natural Sciences, working on paleobiology of South American carnivorous birds at La Plata Museum. He is teaching comparative vertebrate anatomy at UNLP. He is (co-)author of seven scientific papers.

Table of contents (9 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Tambussi, Claudia P. (et al.)

    Pages 1-4

  • Paleogeographic Background

    Tambussi, Claudia P. (et al.)

    Pages 5-13

  • Geological Settings of the Major Fossil Localities in South America and Antarctica

    Tambussi, Claudia P. (et al.)

    Pages 15-24

  • The Nature of the Fossil Record of Birds

    Tambussi, Claudia P. (et al.)

    Pages 25-28

  • The Paleogene Birds of South America

    Tambussi, Claudia P. (et al.)

    Pages 29-47

Buy this book

eBook $34.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-007-5467-6
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $49.95
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-5466-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
South American and Antarctic Continental Cenozoic Birds
Book Subtitle
Paleobiogeographic Affinities and Disparities
Authors
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-94-007-5467-6
DOI
10.1007/978-94-007-5467-6
Softcover ISBN
978-94-007-5466-9
Series ISSN
2191-589X
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XI, 113
Number of Illustrations and Tables
16 b/w illustrations, 7 illustrations in colour
Topics