Topics in Geobiology

Late Cainozoic Floras of Iceland

15 Million Years of Vegetation and Climate History in the Northern North Atlantic

Authors: Denk, Th., Grimsson, F., Zetter, R., Símonarson, L.A.

  • Emphasizes vegetation and climate history, biogeography and high latitude palaeobotany of the northern North Atlantic
  • Features direct evidence for climate and vegetation development by using terrestrial fossils
  • Includes use of comparative morphology at the macroscopic to microscopic scales (to identify and to establish relationships of fossil plants to modern plant lineages)
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eBook $219.00
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  • ISBN 978-94-007-0372-8
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Hardcover $279.00
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  • ISBN 978-94-007-0371-1
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About this book

Being the only place in the northern North Atlantic yielding late Cainozoic terrestrial sediments rich in plant fossils, Iceland provides a unique archive for vegetation and climate development in this region. This book includes the complete plant fossil record from Iceland spanning the past 15 million years. Eleven sedimentary rock formations containing over 320 plant taxa are described. For each flora, palaeoecology and floristic affinities within the Northern Hemisphere are established. The exceptional fossil record allows a deeper understanding of the role of the “North Atlantic Land Bridge” for intercontinental plant migration and of the Gulf Stream-North Atlantic Current system for regional climatic evolution.

’Iceland sits as a “fossil trap” on one of the most interesting biogeographic exchange routes on the planet - the North Atlantic. The fossil floras of Iceland document both local vegetational response to global climate change, and more importantly, help to document the nature of biotic migration across the North Atlantic in the last 15 million years. In this state-of-the-art volume, the authors place sequential floras in their paleogeographic, paleoclimatic and geologic context, and extract a detailed history of biotic response to the dynamics of physical change.’

Bruce H. Tiffney, University of California, Santa Barbara

 

’This beautifully-illustrated monograph of the macro- and microfloras from the late Cenozoic of Iceland is a worthy successor to Oswald Heer’s “Flora fossilis arctica”. Its broad scope makes it a must for all scientists interested in climatic change and palaeobiogeography in the North Atlantic region. It will remain a classic for years to come.’

David K. Ferguson, University of Vienna

About the authors

Thomas Denk (*1969) is a palaeobotanist at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm. His research focuses on diversification patterns and evolution of Northern Hemispheric plant groups, both modern and fossil. In addition, he is interested in the vegetation and climate history of the Northern Hemisphere during the Cainozoic, in particular the differentiation of modern temperate, Mediterranean, and eastern continental biota in western Eurasia.

 

Friðgeir Grímsson (*1976) currently holds a Senior Post-doc position at the Department of Palaeontology, University of Vienna, Austria. He received his Ph. D. in geology/palaeontology from the University of Iceland, Reykjavík. The focus of his research has been the origin, evolution, and biogeographic affinities of Icelandic Cainozoic floras. Currently, he is studying the impact of global cooling following the Mid-Miocene climatic optimum on European palynofloras.

 

Reinhard Zetter (*1955) is Associate Professor at the Department of Palaeontology, University of Vienna, Austria, where he also received his Ph. D. in Palaentology/Palynology. He established new methods for studying dispersed fossil pollen (single grain method) using light and scanning electron microscopy and is a world leading expert in palaeopalynology.

 

Leifur A. Símonarson (*1941) is Professor of Palaeontology at the Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland. The focus of his research has been on the Cainozoic marine invertebrate fauna of Iceland and Greenland, and migration patterns and evolution of selected molluskan groups in the Northern Hemisphere.

 

Table of contents (14 chapters)

  • Introduction to the Nature and Geology of Iceland

    Denk, Thomas (et al.)

    Pages 1-29

  • A Brief Review of Palaeobotanical Research in Iceland

    Denk, Thomas (et al.)

    Pages 31-43

  • Systematic Palaeobotany

    Denk, Thomas (et al.)

    Pages 45-171

  • The Archaic Floras

    Denk, Thomas (et al.)

    Pages 173-231

  • The Classic Surtarbrandur Floras

    Denk, Thomas (et al.)

    Pages 233-290

Buy this book

eBook $219.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-007-0372-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $279.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-0371-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Late Cainozoic Floras of Iceland
Book Subtitle
15 Million Years of Vegetation and Climate History in the Northern North Atlantic
Authors
Series Title
Topics in Geobiology
Series Volume
35
Copyright
2011
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
eBook ISBN
978-94-007-0372-8
DOI
10.1007/978-94-007-0372-8
Hardcover ISBN
978-94-007-0371-1
Series ISSN
0275-0120
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVI, 854
Topics