World Forests

Private or Socialistic Forestry?

Forest Transition in Finland vs. Deforestation in the Tropics

Authors: Palo, Matti, Lehto, Erkki

  • Case study approach with a view to developing theory on sustainable forest management
  • Global theory for transition of countries from deforestation to industrial forestry is introduced
  • Same global theory is applied to Finland and 62 tropical countries
  • High value of forests with effective policies has supported transition in Finland
  • Low value of forests with corruption has prevented transition in the Tropics
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eBook $219.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-90-481-3896-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $279.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-90-481-3895-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $279.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-9543-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

While deforestation continues at an alarming rate around the world, discussions on the range of underlying causes continue. The premise is that studying successful transitions from deforestation to sustainable forestry ex post in Finland can provide novel insights into how deforestation in the tropics might be reduced in the future. Our fundamental question here is why Finland succeeded to stop deforestation for a century ago and why not the same is feasible in the contemporary tropical countries?

 

This book presents a novel integrated theory within which this case study on Finland and contemporary modeling of underlying causes of tropical deforestation are developed. Finland remains the world’s second largest net exporter of forest products, while maintaining the highest forest cover in Europe. A transition from deforestation to sustainable industrial forestry took place in Finland during the first part of the 20th century. The underlying causes of this transition are compared via our theory with deforestation in 74 contemporary tropical countries. Both appear similar and support our theory.

 

The interaction of public policies and market institutions has appeared to be critical during this transition. The study’s findings suggest that private forest ownership with a continuous increase in the real value of forests and alleviation of poverty under non-corruptive conditions has been a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for this transition. In a parallel way public policies have also proved to be a necessary, but not sufficient, condition in this transition. 

 

The conclusion is that socialistic forestry along with corruption is artificially maintaining too low values in the tropical forests. The opportunity cost of sustainable forestry remains too high and deforestation by extensification of agriculture therefore continues. The prevailing socialistic forestry with dominating public forest ownership is by purpose maintaining administratively set low stumpage prices leading to low value of forests, wide corruption and continuous forest degradation and deforestation. An effective remedy – to raise the value of forests - is found to be within forestry.

Reviews

From the reviews:

“The text examines why Finland has been successful in curbing deforestation and compares the processes with those taking place in the tropics. … The text is easy to read and very well written and organized. Each section contains a good introduction and conclusion. … This book is an excellent guide for those seeking to combat deforestation and should be a boon to those who want a model to follow especially at the national level.” (H. Gyde Lund, Amazon, June, 2012)

“The purpose of the book is to present a ‘universal forest transition theory’ and to apply this theory ex post (looking back) to forest transition in Finland during the past hundred years and ex ante (looking ahead) to contemporary tropical deforestation. … The book, which contains a wealth of experience, useful data and references to related scientific studies, is considered indispensible for graduate students of political science, international forestry, geography, environment science and related fields. … It should be available in all relevant research libraries.” (Klaus von Gadow, Forstarchiv, Vol. 83 (5), 2012)


Table of contents (7 chapters)

  • Rationale of the Book

    Palo, Matti (et al.)

    Pages 1-12

  • Theory, Method and Data

    Palo, Matti (et al.)

    Pages 13-58

  • Evolution of Preindustrial Forestry in Finland

    Palo, Matti (et al.)

    Pages 59-143

  • Transition to Industrial Forestry in Finland

    Palo, Matti (et al.)

    Pages 145-251

  • Deforestation in the Tropics

    Palo, Matti (et al.)

    Pages 253-409

Buy this book

eBook $219.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-90-481-3896-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $279.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-90-481-3895-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $279.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-9543-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Private or Socialistic Forestry?
Book Subtitle
Forest Transition in Finland vs. Deforestation in the Tropics
Authors
Series Title
World Forests
Series Volume
10
Copyright
2012
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
eBook ISBN
978-90-481-3896-8
DOI
10.1007/978-90-481-3896-8
Hardcover ISBN
978-90-481-3895-1
Softcover ISBN
978-94-007-9543-3
Series ISSN
1566-0427
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXIV, 464
Topics