Studies in History and Philosophy of Science

The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge

Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science

Editors: Wolfe, Charles T., Gal, Ofer (Eds.)

  • Gives an overview from worldwide distinguished philosophers about the role of the body in empiricism
  • Presents new insights in the works of philosophical giants like Locke, Galileo, Bacon, Lamarck, Berkeley, Spinoza and Hume
  • Offers an exploration of the keen interest in the body as both the object of research and as the subject of experience in the development of Empiricism
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About this book

It was in 1660s England, according to the received view, in the Royal Society of London, that science acquired the form of empirical enquiry we recognize as our own: an open, collaborative experimental practice, mediated by specially-designed instruments, supported by civil discourse, stressing accuracy and replicability. Guided by the philosophy of Francis Bacon, by Protestant ideas of thisworldly benevolence, by gentlemanly codes of decorum and by a dominant interest in mechanics and the mechanical structure of the universe, the members of the Royal Society created a novel experimental practice that superseded former modes of empirical inquiry, from Aristotelian observations to alchemical experimentation.

This volume focuses on the development of empiricism as an interest in the body – as both the object of research and the subject of experience. Re-embodying empiricism shifts the focus of interest to the ‘life sciences’; medicine, physiology, natural history. In fact, many of the active members of the Royal Society were physicians, and a significant number of those, disciples of William Harvey and through him, inheritors of the empirical anatomy practices developed in Padua during the 16th century. Indeed, the primary research interests of the early Royal Society were concentrated on the body, human and animal, and its functions much more than on mechanics. Similarly, the Académie des Sciences directly contradicted its self-imposed mandate to investigate Nature in mechanistic fashion, devoting a significant portion of its Mémoires to questions concerning life, reproduction and monsters, consulting empirical botanists, apothecaries and chemists, and keeping closer to experience than to the Cartesian standards of well-founded knowledge.

These highlighted empirical studies of the body, were central in a workshop in the beginning of 2009 organized by the unit for History and Philosophy of Science in Sydney. The papers that were presented by some of the leading figures in this area are presented in this volume.

Reviews

From the reviews:

“Three different major dimensions of the study of the body and the emergence of empiricism this is a collection, then, which makes us think anew about the origins of the methods and mentality of the scientific movement in its formative centuries. … this collection places the human body back squarely in our mapping of the development of early modern science.” (John Gascoigne, Metascience, October, 2010)

“What the reader will extract from the text overall is an insightful and informative spectrum of medical and scientific practices (and to some extent their philosophical implications) throughout much of the early modern period. Wolfe and Gal have done a good job of bringing together a wide range of contributions emerging from various disciplines, resulting in a wonderful analysis of the practice – rather than the theory – of empiricism in early modern science.” (Jordan Taylor, British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Vol. 19, No. 6, 2011)

The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge challenges traditional accounts of empiricism in the early modern period ... . for specialist audiences in the history of science ... . focus of the volume on the role of the body in the dialectic between subjective versus objective knowledge will provide welcome encouragement for further scholarly research ... .  overall message of the importance of the embodied, lived experience for early modern debates about science is a welcome contribution to our field.” (Ian Stewart, Isis, Vol. 103, No. 3, September, 2012)

“This collective volume … questions the role of the body ‘as both an object of research and an instrument of experience’ in the transformations of the life sciences from the late Renaissance to the early nineteenth century … . this volume, by opening many ways for exploring the transforming status of the body and its relationship with the rise of empiricism from the late Renaissance, is a very valuable tool for every scholar interested in … the history of the early modern science.” (Stéphane Schmitt, Early Science and Medicine, Vol. 16, 2011)


Table of contents (16 chapters)

  • Embodied Empiricism

    Wolfe, Charles T. (et al.)

    Pages 1-5

  • Victories for Empiricism, Failures for Theory: Medicine and Science in the Seventeenth Century

    Cook, Harold J.

    Pages 9-32

  • Practical Experience in Anatomy

    Klestinec, Cynthia

    Pages 33-57

  • Early Modern Empiricism and the Discourse of the Senses

    Salter, Alan

    Pages 59-74

  • Alkahest and Fire: Debating Matter, Chymistry, and Natural History at the Early Parisian Academy of Sciences

    Boantza, Victor D.

    Pages 75-92

Buy this book

eBook $209.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-90-481-3686-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $269.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-90-481-3685-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $269.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-94-007-3201-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge
Book Subtitle
Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science
Editors
  • Charles T. Wolfe
  • Ofer Gal
Series Title
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Series Volume
25
Copyright
2010
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
eBook ISBN
978-90-481-3686-5
DOI
10.1007/978-90-481-3686-5
Hardcover ISBN
978-90-481-3685-8
Softcover ISBN
978-94-007-3201-8
Series ISSN
0929-6425
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
X, 350
Topics