Lecture Notes in Physics

Nucleation Theory

Authors: Kalikmanov, Vitaly

  • Provides a compendium of all major available routes of theoretical research of nucleation phenomena, with emphasis on the formation of liquid droplets from a metastable vapor
  • Describes the models bridging macro- and microscopic approaches to nucleation
  • Covers both single- and multi-component nucleation models
  • Highlights molecular dynamics simulation of nucleation, including most advanced simulation methods
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About this book

One of the most striking phenomena in condensed matter physics is the occurrence of abrupt transitions in the structure of a substance at certain temperatures or pressures. These are first order phase transitions, and examples such as the freezing of water are familiar in everyday life. The conditions at which the transformation takes place can sometimes vary. For example, the freezing point of water is not always 0°C, but the liquid can be supercooled considerably if it is pure enough and treated carefully. The reason for this phenomenon is nucleation.

This monograph covers all major available routes of theoretical research of nucleation phenomena (phenomenological models, semi-phenomenological theories, density functional theories, microscopic and semi-microscopic approaches), with emphasis on the formation of liquid droplets from a metastable vapor. Also, it illustrates the application of these various approaches to experimentally relevant problems.

In spite of the familiarity of the involved phenomena, it is still impossible to calculate nucleation accurately, as the properties and the kinetics of the daughter phase are insufficiently well known. Existing theories based upon classical nucleation theory have on the whole explained the trends in behavior correctly. However they often fail spectacularly to account for new data, in particular in the case of binary or, more generally, multi-component nucleation. The current challenge of this book is to go beyond such classical models and provide a more satisfactory theory by using density functional theory and microscopic computer simulations in order to describe the properties of small clusters. Also, semi-phenomenological models are proposed, which attempt to relate the properties of small clusters to known properties of the bulk phases.

This monograph is an introduction as well as a compendium to researchers in soft condensed matter physics and chemical physics, graduate and post-graduate students in physics and chemistry starting on research in the area of nucleation, and to experimentalists wishing to gain a better understanding of the efforts being made to account for their data.

Table of contents (16 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $54.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-90-481-3643-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $69.95
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-90-481-3642-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Rent the ebook  
  • Rental duration: 1 or 6 month
  • low-cost access
  • online reader with highlighting and note-making option
  • can be used across all devices
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Nucleation Theory
Authors
Series Title
Lecture Notes in Physics
Series Volume
860
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
eBook ISBN
978-90-481-3643-8
DOI
10.1007/978-90-481-3643-8
Softcover ISBN
978-90-481-3642-1
Series ISSN
0075-8450
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XV, 316
Number of Illustrations and Tables
71 b/w illustrations, 12 illustrations in colour
Topics