Population Studies of Japan

A Shrinking Society

Post-Demographic Transition in Japan

Authors: Hara, Toshihiko

  • Focuses on Japan as a shrinking society, a new phenomenon emerging in the twenty-first century
  • Clarifies the historical background of the aging and decline of Japan’s population in the context of demographic transition
  • Discusses the demographics of the sustainability of Japanese society in relation to national finances, social security reform, family policies, immigration policies and community polices
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eBook $39.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-4-431-54810-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $54.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-4-431-54809-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

This is the book to focus on a new phenomenon emerging in the twenty-first century: the rapidly aging and decreasing population of a well-developed country, namely, Japan. The meaning of this phenomenon has been successfully clarified as the possible historical consequence of the demographic transition from high birth and death rates to low ones. Japan has entered the post-demographic transitional phase and will be the fastest-shrinking society in the world, leading other Asian countries that are experiencing the same drastic changes. The author used the historical statistics, compiled by the Statistic Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in 2006 and population projections for released in 2012 by the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, to show the past and future development of the dependency ratio from 1891 to 2060. Then, utilizing the population life table and net reproduction rate, the effects of increasing life expectancy and declining fertility on the dependency ratio were observed separately. Finally, the historical relationships among women’s survival rates at reproductive age, the theoretical fertility rate to maintain the replacement level and the recorded total fertility rate (TFR) were analyzed. Historical observation showed TFR adapting to the theoretical level of fertility with a certain time lag and corresponding to women’s survival rates at reproductive age. Women’s increasing lifespan and survival rates could have influenced decision making to minimize the risk of childbearing. Even if the theoretical fertility rate meets the replacement level, women’s views of minimizing the risk may remain unchanged because for women the cost–benefit imbalance in childbearing is still too high in Japan. Based on the findings, the author discusses the sustainability of Japanese society in relation to national finances, social security reform, family policies, immigration policies and community polices.

Table of contents (7 chapters)

  • Introduction: The Demographic Impacts from the Great East Japan Earthquake

    Hara, Toshihiko

    Pages 1-9

  • Population Prospects in Japanese Society

    Hara, Toshihiko

    Pages 11-24

  • Demographic Transition and Child/Elderly Care Cost

    Hara, Toshihiko

    Pages 25-30

  • Historical Process and Background of Fertility Decline in Japan

    Hara, Toshihiko

    Pages 31-39

  • Sustainability of Japan as a Shrinking Society

    Hara, Toshihiko

    Pages 41-52

Buy this book

eBook $39.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-4-431-54810-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $54.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-4-431-54809-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
A Shrinking Society
Book Subtitle
Post-Demographic Transition in Japan
Authors
Series Title
Population Studies of Japan
Copyright
2015
Publisher
Springer Japan
Copyright Holder
Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-4-431-54810-2
DOI
10.1007/978-4-431-54810-2
Softcover ISBN
978-4-431-54809-6
Series ISSN
2198-2724
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
IX, 65
Number of Illustrations and Tables
25 b/w illustrations, 2 illustrations in colour
Topics