Ecological Studies

Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity: Patterns, Causes and Ecosystem Consequences

Editors: Chapin, F.Stuart III, Körner, Christian (Eds.)

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About this book

As human populations expand and have increasing access to technol­ ogy, two general environmental concerns have arisen. First, human pop­ ulations are having increasing impact on the earth system, such that we are altering the biospheric carbon pools, basic processes of elemental cycling and the climate system of the earth. Because of time lags and feedbacks, these processes are not easily reversed. These alterations are occurring now more rapidly than at any time in the last several million years. Secondly, human activities are causing changes in the earth's biota that lead to species extinctions at a rate and magnitude rivaling those of past geologic extinction events. Although environmental change is potentially reversible at some time scales, the loss of species is irrevo­ cable. Changes in diversity at other scales are also cause for concern. Habitat fragmentation and declines in population sizes alter genetic di­ versity. Loss or introduction of new functional groups, such as nitro­ gen fixers or rodents onto islands can strongly alter ecosystem processes. Changes in landscape diversity through habitat modification and frag­ mentation alter the nature of processes within and among vegetation patches. Although both ecological changes altering the earth system and the loss of biotic diversity have been major sources of concern in recent years, these concerns have been largely independent, with little concern for the environmental causes the ecosystem consequences of changes in biodiversity. These two processes are clearly interrelated. Changes in ecological systems cause changes in diversity.

Table of contents (22 chapters)

  • Patterns and Causes of Arctic Plant Community Diversity

    Walker, M. D.

    Pages 3-20

  • Causes of Arctic Plant Diversity: Origin and Evolution

    Murray, D. F.

    Pages 21-32

  • Patterns and Causes of Genetic Diversity in Arctic Plant

    McGraw, J. B.

    Pages 33-43

  • Alpine Plant Diversity: A Global Survey and Functional Interpretations

    Körner, Ch.

    Pages 45-62

  • Origin and Evolution of the Mountain Flora in Middle Asia and Neighbouring Mountain Regions

    Agakhanjanz, O. (et al.)

    Pages 63-80

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-78966-3
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $149.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-78968-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity: Patterns, Causes and Ecosystem Consequences
Editors
  • F.Stuart III Chapin
  • Christian Körner
Series Title
Ecological Studies
Series Volume
113
Copyright
1995
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-78966-3
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-78966-3
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-78968-7
Series ISSN
0070-8356
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVIII, 332
Topics