Biogeography and Taxonomy of Honeybees

Authors: Ruttner, Friedrich

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About this book

Honeybees are as small as flies or as large as hornets, nesting in nar­ row cavities of trees and rocks or in the open on large limbs of trees 30 m above ground. They occur in tropical zones and in the forests of the Ural mountains, they survive seven months of winter and even longer periods of drought and heat. Historically, they lived through a extended time of stagnation in the tropics from the mid-Tertiary, but then experienced an explosive evolution during the Pleistocene, re­ sulting in the conquest of huge new territories and the origin of two dozen subspecies in Apis mellifera. This vast geographic and ecologic diversification of the genus Apis was accompanied by a rich morphological variation, less on the level of species than at the lowest rank, the subspecies level. Variation being exclusively of a quantitative kind at this first step of speciation, tradi­ tional descriptive methods of systematics proved to be unsatisfactory, and honeybee taxonomy finally ended up in a confusing multitude of inadequately described units. Effective methods of morphometric-sta­ tistical analysis of honeybee popUlations, centered on limited areas, have been developed during the last decades. Only the numerical characterization of the populations, together with the description of behavior, shows the true geographic variability and will end current generalizations and convenient stereotypes.

Table of contents (4 chapter)

  • Morphometric Analysis and Classification

    Professor Dr. Friedrich Ruttner

    Pages 66-78

    Buy Chapter $29.95
  • Apis dorsata Fabricius 1793:328

    Professor Dr. Friedrich Ruttner

    Pages 103-119

    Buy Chapter $29.95
  • Honeybees of Tropical Africa

    Professor Dr. Friedrich Ruttner

    Pages 199-227

    Buy Chapter $29.95
  • Honeybees of the Central Mediterranean and Southeastern Europe

    Professor Dr. Friedrich Ruttner

    Pages 240-257

    Buy Chapter $29.95
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Buy this book

eBook $69.99 net
( price for USA )
  • ISBN 978-3-642-72649-1
  • digitally watermarked, no DRM
  • included format: PDF
  • eBooks can be used on all Reading Devices
Softcover $99.00 net
( price for USA )
  • ISBN 978-3-642-72651-4
  • free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days

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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Biogeography and Taxonomy of Honeybees
Copyright
1988
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-72649-1
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-72649-1
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-72651-4
Edition Number
1
Topics