Environmental Toxin Series

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): Mammalian and Environmental Toxicology

Editors: Safe, Stephen (Ed.)

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About this book

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been produced commercially since be­ fore 1930. They proved to be highly versatile mixtures and their uses continued to expand during the early 1970's even after the unanticipated world-wide en­ vironmental contamination had been discovered (Jensen et aI. , 1969; Koeman et aI. , 1969). Over 600,000 metric-tons were produced and/or used in the U. S. during this time and it is estimated that worldwide production totaled about 1,200,000 metric-tons (Table 1). With low acute toxicities (Fishbein, 1974), these mixtures were considered gen­ erally biologically inactive even though industrial exposure had demonstrated he­ patic and dermatological effects (Fishbein, 1974; Hansen, 1987). Thus, use and disposal were not carefully monitored and it is estimated that one-third of the world-wide production of PCBs has been released into the global environment (Table 1). Table 1. Estimated production and disposition of PCBs b U. s. a Worldwide 6 6 Production/use 610 X 10 kg 1200 X 10 kg Mobil environmental reservoir 82 400 Static reservoirs In service 340 Dumps 130 Total static 470 800 a NAS, 1979 b Tatsukawa and Tanaba, 1984 2 Environmental Distribution Many countries now impose strict controls on the use and release of PCBs. Re­ lease into the environment has declined dramatically in the last decade, but con­ tinued release from reservoirs (Table 1) into burdened ecosystems (Table 2) ap­ pears inevitable for several more decades (Barros et aI. , 1984).

Table of contents (3 chapter)

  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Environmental Occurrence and Analysis

    S. Safe, L. Safe, M. Mullin

    Pages 1-13

    Buy Chapter $29.95
  • Mammalian Biologic and Toxic Effects of PCBs

    A. Parkinson, S. Safe

    Pages 49-75

    Buy Chapter $29.95
  • Biotransformation of PCBs: Metabolic Pathways and Mechanisms

    I. G. Sipes, R. G. Schnellmann

    Pages 97-110

    Buy Chapter $29.95
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Buy this book

eBook $99.00 net
( price for USA )
  • ISBN 978-3-642-70550-2
  • digitally watermarked, no DRM
  • included format: PDF
  • eBooks can be used on all Reading Devices
Softcover $129.00 net
( price for USA )
  • ISBN 978-3-642-70552-6
  • free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days

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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): Mammalian and Environmental Toxicology
Series Title
Environmental Toxin Series
Series Volume
1
Copyright
1987
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-70550-2
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-70550-2
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-70552-6
Series ISSN
0935-0209
Edition Number
1
Topics