Ecological Studies

Mediterranean Type Ecosystems

Origin and Structure

Editors: Castri, Francesco di, Mooney, Harold A. (Eds.)

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About this book

No other disjunct pieces of land present such striking similarities as the widely sepa­ 1 rated regions with a mediterranean type of climate, that is, the territories fringing the Mediterranean Sea, California, Central Chile and the southernmost strips of South Mrica and Australia. Similarities are not confined to climatic trends, but are also reflected in the physiognomy ofthe vegetation, in land use patterns and frequently in the general appearance of the landscape. The very close similarities in agricultural practices and sometimes also in rural settlements are dependent on the climatic and edaphic analogies, as well as on a certain commonality in qdtural history. This is certainly true for the Mediterranean Sea basin which in many ways represents a sort of ecological-cultural unit; this is also valid for CaUfornia and Chile, which were both settled by Spaniards and which showed periods of vigorous commercial and cultural interchanges as during the California gold rush. One other general feature is the massive interchange of cultivated and weed species of plants that has occurred between the five areas of the world that have a mediterranean-type climate, with the Mediterranean basin region itself as a major source. In spite of their limited territorial extension, probably no other parts of the world have played a more fundamental role in the history of mankind. Phoenician, Etruscan, Hellenic, Jewish, Roman, Christian andArab civilizations, among others,haveshapedmanyofman's present attitudes, including his position and perception vis-a-vis nature.

Table of contents (22 chapters)

  • Historical View of the Concept of Ecosystem Convergence

    Johnson, Albert W.

    Pages 3-7

  • Distribution and Peculiarity of Mediterranean Ecosystems

    Aschmann, Homer

    Pages 11-19

  • Climatographical Comparisons between Chile and the Western Coast of North America

    Castri, Francesco

    Pages 21-36

  • The Physiography of the Mediterranean Lands with Special Emphasis on California and Chile

    Thrower, Norman J. W. (et al.)

    Pages 37-52

  • Geomorphological Processes and Characteristic Landforms in the Mediterranean Regions of the World

    Paskoff, Roland P.

    Pages 53-60

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-65520-3
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $149.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-65522-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Mediterranean Type Ecosystems
Book Subtitle
Origin and Structure
Editors
  • Francesco di Castri
  • Harold A. Mooney
Series Title
Ecological Studies
Series Volume
7
Copyright
1973
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-65520-3
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-65520-3
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-65522-7
Series ISSN
0070-8356
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XII, 408
Topics