Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics

Computing Nature

Turing Centenary Perspective

Editors: Dodig-Crnkovic, Gordana, Giovagnoli, Raffaela (Eds.)

  • Presents recent advances in natural computation, intended as computation found in nature, computation performed by natural materials and computation inspired by nature
  • Analyzes the relevance of the relationship between human representation and machine representation, the contrast between symbolic representation and processing on the one hand and nature-inspired, non-symbolic forms of computation on the other hand, with a special focus on connectionism
  • Includes a selection of contributions from the Symposium on Natural Computing/Unconventional Computing and Its Philosophical Significance held during the AISB/IACAP World Congress 2012 in Birmingham, UK
  • Edited and written by leading experts in the field
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About this book

This book is about nature considered as the totality of physical existence, the universe, and our present day attempts to understand it. If we see the universe as a network of networks of computational processes at many different levels of organization, what can we learn about physics, biology, cognition, social systems, and ecology expressed through interacting networks of elementary particles, atoms, molecules, cells, (and especially neurons when it comes to understanding of cognition and intelligence), organs, organisms and their ecologies?

Regarding our computational models of natural phenomena Feynman famously wondered: “Why should it take an infinite amount of logic to figure out what one tiny piece of space/time is going to do?” Phenomena themselves occur so quickly and automatically in nature. Can we learn how to harness nature’s computational power as we harness its energy and materials?

This volume includes a selection of contributions from the Symposium on Natural Computing/Unconventional Computing and Its Philosophical Significance, organized during the AISB/IACAP World Congress 2012, held in Birmingham, UK, on July 2-6, on the occasion of the centenary of Alan Turing’s birth. In this book, leading researchers investigated questions of computing nature by exploring various facets of computation as we find it in nature: relationships between different levels of computation, cognition with learning and intelligence, mathematical background, relationships to classical Turing computation and Turing’s ideas about computing nature - unorganized machines and morphogenesis. It addresses questions of information, representation and computation, interaction as communication, concurrency and agent models; in short this book presents natural computing and unconventional computing as extension of the idea of computation as symbol manipulation.

Table of contents (17 chapters)

  • Computing Nature – A Network of Networks of Concurrent Information Processes

    Dodig-Crnkovic, Gordana (et al.)

    Pages 1-22

  • A Framework for Computing Like Nature

    Cottam, Ron (et al.)

    Pages 23-60

  • The Coordination of Probabilistic Inference in Neural Systems

    Phillips, William A.

    Pages 61-70

  • Neurobiological Computation and Synthetic Intelligence

    Lindley, Craig A.

    Pages 71-85

  • A Behavioural Foundation for Natural Computing and a Programmability Test

    Zenil, Hector

    Pages 87-113

Buy this book

eBook $119.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-37225-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $159.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-37224-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $159.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-42870-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Rent the ebook  
  • Rental duration: 1 or 6 month
  • low-cost access
  • online reader with highlighting and note-making option
  • can be used across all devices
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Computing Nature
Book Subtitle
Turing Centenary Perspective
Editors
  • Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic
  • Raffaela Giovagnoli
Series Title
Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics
Series Volume
7
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-37225-4
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-37225-4
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-642-37224-7
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-42870-8
Series ISSN
2192-6255
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VI, 269
Topics