Springer Theses

Rare Earth Elements

A New Approach to the Nexus of Supply, Demand and Use: Exemplified along the Use of Neodymium in Permanent Magnets

Authors: Zepf, Volker

  • Nominated as an outstanding Ph.D. thesis by the Augsburg University, Germany
  • Provides a brief but comprehensive data source analysis which reveals shortcomings of the present data accuracy around REE
  • Calls for further research and offers a new approach when talking about sustainable use of rare earth elements
  • Provides a short description and explanation for the Chinese way of doing politics
  • Shows that the notion which recent headlines might have implied - that hard disk drives, mobile phones, E-mobility and wind energy account for the bulk part of rare earth elements use - is wrong
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eBook $99.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-35458-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-35457-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

This thesis deals with Rare Earth Elements (REE), especially with neodymium used in permanent magnets, from a very scientific basis by providing basic research data. Despite the fact that REE are newsworthy and very important elements for a considerable bandwidth of todays’ technologies, accompanied by the monopolistic supply-situation and Chinese politics, there are inexplicable data discrepancies about REE which have been recognized frequently but usually have not been addressed accordingly. So this analysis started with the hypothesis that the four application areas, namely computer hard disk drives (HDD), mobile phones, wind turbines and e-mobility (automotive traction), account for about 80% of the global annual neodymium-demand. The research methodology was a laboratory analysis of the composition of used magnets for HDDs and mobile phones and a literature and official report analysis of wind turbine and automotive neodymium use. The result was amazing and the hypothesis had to be withdrawn as these four areas only account for about 20% of neodymium use. This result raises some questions concerning actual use and thus potential recycling options.

About the authors

Dr. Volker Zepf finished his professional military career in 2008 and studied Geography, Geology, Environmental Business Studies and Resource Strategy at Augsburg University. After his studies he joined Prof. Dr. Armin Reller's team at the Chair of Resource Strategy. His research foci are resource-geographical aspects of metals in general and rare earth elements and metals needed for renewable energies in particular.

Table of contents (8 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Zepf, Volker

    Pages 1-10

  • Rare Earth Elements: What and Where They Are

    Zepf, Volker

    Pages 11-39

  • The Way to the Chinese Predominance: A Key for Understanding the REE Issue

    Zepf, Volker

    Pages 41-49

  • Numbers About Rare Earth Elements in the (Scientific) Literature

    Zepf, Volker

    Pages 51-64

  • Rare Earth Elements in the Magnets Application Field

    Zepf, Volker

    Pages 65-71

Buy this book

eBook $99.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-35458-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-35457-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Rare Earth Elements
Book Subtitle
A New Approach to the Nexus of Supply, Demand and Use: Exemplified along the Use of Neodymium in Permanent Magnets
Authors
Series Title
Springer Theses
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-35458-8
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-35458-8
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-642-35457-1
Series ISSN
2190-5053
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIV, 157
Number of Illustrations and Tables
12 b/w illustrations, 20 illustrations in colour
Topics