Springer Theses

Modelling Tropospheric Volcanic Aerosol

From Aerosol Microphysical Processes to Earth System Impacts

Authors: Schmidt, Anja

  • Outstanding Ph.D. thesis nominated for a Springer Theses Prize by the University of Leeds, United Kingdom
  • Innovative model enables the first ever estimate of the impact of volcanic emissions on aerosol microphysical properties
  • Comprehensive introductory material and explanations of specialist terms are presented to be accessible to a wide scientific audience
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  • ISBN 978-3-642-34839-6
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Hardcover $129.00
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  • ISBN 978-3-642-34838-9
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Softcover $129.00
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  • ISBN 978-3-642-43023-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
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About this book

Anja Schmidt's thesis is a unique and comprehensive evaluation of the impacts of tropospheric volcanic aerosol on the atmosphere, climate, air quality and human health. Using a state-of-the-art global microphysics model, the thesis describes and quantifies the impact of volcanic sulphur emissions on global aerosol, clouds and the radiative forcing of climate. The advanced model enables the first ever estimate of the impact of the emissions on aerosol microphysical properties such as particle number concentrations and sizes, and therefore a considerably improved ability to quantify the climate and air quality effects.
There are several important discoveries in this thesis. Firstly, it is shown that continuously degassing volcanoes exert a major effect on global clouds and climate. Secondly, the impact of the 1783 Laki eruption in Iceland is re-examined to show that this long-lasting flood lava eruption would have had major effects on clouds and climate. Thirdly, by combining her research on volcanism, atmospheric science and epidemiology, she shows that a present-day Laki-like eruption would seriously affect European air quality and cause over 100000 premature deaths in the first year.

About the authors

Anja Schmidt is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science, University of Leeds, since March 2011.

Her current work involves modelling large-scale, sulphur-rich Icelandic volcanic eruptions using both a Global Aerosol Model (GLOMAP) and a Lagrangian particle model (NAME). She is currently using these models to simulate the impact of present-day Laki-style eruptions on air pollution and its subsequent impacts on human health and commercial aviation.

Anja Schmidt received several honors and other accolades, for example:

- Honourable mention for outstanding student presentation, VMSG 2011
- 3rd prize University of Leeds Postgraduate Researcher of the year competition, 2010
- University of Leeds PhD Research Scholarship (URS) (Oct 2007 – Oct 2010)
- 1st prize University of Leeds Faculty of Environment Conference, Poster Competition, 2008
- IAVCEI young scientist grant (2008)

Table of contents (7 chapters)

  • Motivation and Background

    Schmidt, Anja

    Pages 1-30

  • GLOMAP-Mode Overview

    Schmidt, Anja

    Pages 31-43

  • The Role of Time-Averaged Volcanic Sulphur Emissions in the Pre-industrial Era

    Schmidt, Anja

    Pages 45-64

  • Impact of the 1783–1784 AD Laki Eruption on Global Aerosol Formation Processes and Cloud Condensation Nuclei

    Schmidt, Anja

    Pages 65-95

  • Impact of the 1783–1784   AD Laki Eruption on Cloud Drop Number Concentrations and the First Aerosol Indirect Effect

    Schmidt, Anja

    Pages 97-112

Buy this book

eBook $99.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-34839-6
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-34838-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-43023-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Modelling Tropospheric Volcanic Aerosol
Book Subtitle
From Aerosol Microphysical Processes to Earth System Impacts
Authors
Series Title
Springer Theses
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-34839-6
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-34839-6
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-642-34838-9
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-43023-7
Series ISSN
2190-5053
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XV, 145
Topics