Contributions to Economics

International Trade and Unemployment

On the Redistribution of Trade Gains When Firms Matter

Authors: de Pinto, Marco

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About this book

Economic theory and empirical research confirm that the rising international integration caused an increase in aggregate income at least for the industrialized countries, although trade liberalization is no Pareto improvement. In the empirical literature, there is a consensus that the international integration implies a destruction of low-skilled job vacancies and an increase in income, while the conclusions are mixed concerning the implication for the overall unemployment rate. This book seeks to find theoretical explanations to these empirical regularities. The book poses three questions: What are the implications of trade liberalization for the labor market in the presence of trade unions if we account for both firm and worker heterogeneity? What are the implications of a redistribution policy if the government chooses unemployment benefits to partially compensate the losers of trade liberalization?, and what is the optimal redistribution scheme for trade gains if the government explicitly takes into account the consequences for the income distribution? This book presents a rigorous theoretical analysis to answer the questions posed. Beside the well-known firm-selection effect on goods markets caused by trade liberalization, a selection process on the labor market -the worker-selection effect - is presented. The book also argues that if welfare is measured in the traditional manner, i.e. income per capita, compensating the loser of trade liberalization by paying unemployment benefits decreases welfare, but the intensity of the reduction differs with respect to the chosen funding of the unemployment benefits. Another significant contribution of this book is that if the objective function of the government, i.e. the modified welfare function, includes both aggregate income and income inequality, the redistribution of trade gains can lead to an increase in welfare.​

Reviews

From the book reviews:

“This book is a quality publication, and the author should be congratulated for his useful theoretical research and his talented analysis. … the volume of Dr de Pinto provides a useful reading for theoretical economists interested in trade issues and labor markets.” (Michel Kostecki, World Trade Review, Vol. 13 (3), 2014)

Table of contents (4 chapters)

  • Motivation

    Pinto, Marco

    Pages 1-4

  • International Trade and Unemployment: The Worker-Selection Effect

    Pinto, Marco

    Pages 5-32

  • Unemployment Benefits as Redistribution Scheme for Trade Gains: A Positive Analysis

    Pinto, Marco

    Pages 33-69

  • An Optimal Redistribution Scheme for Trade Gains

    Pinto, Marco

    Pages 71-108

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-33236-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $139.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-33235-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $139.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-43917-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
International Trade and Unemployment
Book Subtitle
On the Redistribution of Trade Gains When Firms Matter
Authors
Series Title
Contributions to Economics
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Physica-Verlag Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-33236-4
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-33236-4
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-642-33235-7
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-43917-9
Series ISSN
1431-1933
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
X, 114
Topics