Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems

Mathematical Models for Evacuation Planning in Urban Areas

Authors: Bretschneider, Sarah

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About this book

Disasters like floods, hurricanes, chemical or nuclear accidents may cause the necessity to evacuate the affected area. The evacuation of the urban area needs to be planned carefully. One issue is the reorganization of the traffic routing. Congested urban areas have usually complex street networks that are composed of many intersections with streets connecting them. The population density of a congested urban area is usually high and the street network is already used to capacity during rush hour traffic. The considered problem of this work is the reorganization of the traffic routing of an urban area for the case of an emergency mass evacuation. Especially aspects of the evacuation like safety, avoidance of delays and the total system travel time are taken into account. Combinatorial and graph theoretical aspects are adapted for the evacuation problem and highlight issues concerning especially conflicts within intersections. This work gives an extensive summary of literature of evacuation of urban areas. Mixed-integer linear programming models are developed for evacuation problems and heuristic algorithms are provided and tested.?

About the authors

Sarah Bretschneider worked as research assistant at the university Duisburg-Essen, Germany from 2006-2011. Since 2011 she works for the life and health actuarial department of the Generali Deutschland Holding AG.

Table of contents (10 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Bretschneider, Sarah

    Pages 1-16

  • Literature Review

    Bretschneider, Sarah

    Pages 17-38

  • An Urban Evacuation Problem

    Bretschneider, Sarah

    Pages 39-66

  • A Relaxation-Based Heuristic Approach for the Mixed-Integer Evacuation Model

    Bretschneider, Sarah

    Pages 67-100

  • A Pattern-Based Evacuation Planning Model for Urban Areas

    Bretschneider, Sarah

    Pages 101-128

Buy this book

eBook $69.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-28759-6
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $89.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-28758-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Mathematical Models for Evacuation Planning in Urban Areas
Authors
Series Title
Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems
Series Volume
659
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-28759-6
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-28759-6
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-28758-9
Series ISSN
0075-8442
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVI, 193
Number of Illustrations and Tables
79 b/w illustrations
Topics