SpringerBriefs in History of Chemistry

Early Russian Organic Chemists and Their Legacy

Authors: Lewis, David

  • This "Brief" gives a concise description of the significant contribution
  • Russian organic chemists have had on the field of modern organic chemistry
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  • ISBN 978-3-642-28219-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
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  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $59.99
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  • ISBN 978-3-642-28218-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

The organic chemists of Russia during the pre-revolutionary period included some of the most creative and talented chemists of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Indeed, this is attested by the number of reactions and empirical rules bearing their names. This volume is of interest for both historians of chemistry and organic chemists wishing to discover more about the historical development of their discipline in Russia. From the founding of the Russian Academy of Sciences by Peter the Great in 1725 to the early years of the nineteenth century, Russian organic chemistry was largely in the hands of foreign scientists. However, the Russification of organic chemistry in Russia had begun before the middle of the nineteenth century, and reached its zenith during the last half of the same century, by which time vibrant schools of chemistry had arisen in the eastern city of Kazan', at Moscow and at St. Petersburg. By the end of the century, the Chairs of organic chemistry at universities throughout the Russian empire were occupied by Russian chemists, almost half of them trained at Kazan'. This volume discusses the contributions of these organic chemists which include: the structural theory of organic chemistry, empirical rules for addition and elimination, reactions involving carbon nucleophiles, such as the aldol reaction and alcohol synthesis using organozinc nucleophiles, the discovery of sulfoxides and sulfonium salts, and a range of important redox reactions.

About the authors

David E. Lewis was born and educated in South Australia, where he took a first-class degree of B.Sc. (Hons.), and a Ph.D. degree in organic chemistry from the University of Adelaide under R. A. Massy-Westropp, working in the area of natural products structure determination. After completing his Ph.D. research, Lewis moved to the United States in December, 1976. At Arkansas, he worked as Research Associate at the University of Arkansas under Leslie B. Sims and Arthur Fry, working in the area of kinetic isotope effects and physical organic chemistry. Two years later, he was appointed as Lecturer in Chemistry at Arkansas. In 1980, he moved to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign as Visiting Assistant Professor, working with Kenneth L. Rinehart, Jr., in the area of organic synthesis. In 1981, he moved to his first tenure-track position as Assistant Professor of Chemistry at Baylor University in Waco, Texas; he was promoted to Associate Professor in 1988. In 1989, he moved to South Dakota State University, in Brookings, South Dakota, as Associate Professor of Chemistry; he was promoted to Professor of Chemistry in 1993. In 1997, he moved to the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire as Professor and Chair of Chemistry; he stepped down as Chair in 1999. Lewis' research interests in organic synthesis may be broadly defined as applied organic chemistry, ranging from applications of fluorescent dyes in engineering and biology, to the synthesis of new compounds with potentially useful biological activity. He has had a two-decade interest in the history of organic chemistry in pre-revolutionary Russia, and it is this interest that has led to this volume. Lewis is a long-time member of the American Chemical Society, where he has served as Chair of the Division of the History of Chemistry, and is a Fellow of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute. He is the holder of 18 U.S. and international patents, and has published over 65 research articles, book chapters, and books.

Reviews

From the reviews:

“In this excellent book, Professor Lewis … makes a strong case for the inclusion of the significant and sometimes overlooked contributions of Russian chemists. … It is nicely illustrated and has a full index and bibliography. This important work sheds light on a relatively little studied area of the history of organic chemistry in an easily read and authoritative manner.” (Harold Goldwhite, Bulletin for the History of Chemistry, Vol. 38 (1), 2013)

“In this excellent book, Lewis … makes a strong case for the significant contributions of Russian chemists, many of whose names are known to students of organic chemistry. … The text is profusely illustrated and fully referenced and indexed. An enjoyable read. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty; informed general audiences.” (H. Goldwhite, Choice, Vol. 50 (4), December, 2012)

Table of contents (5 chapters)

  • The Evolution of Higher Education in Russia

    Lewis, David E.

    Pages 1-20

  • Beginnings

    Lewis, David E.

    Pages 21-36

  • The Rise of Organic Chemistry in Russia: Kazan’ and St. Petersburg

    Lewis, David E.

    Pages 37-56

  • Russian Organic Chemistry Matures: Emergence of a Russian-Trained Professoriate in Organic Chemistry

    Lewis, David E.

    Pages 57-86

  • Into a New Century: Chemists Advancing the Legacies of Kazan’, St. Petersburg, and Moscow

    Lewis, David E.

    Pages 87-127

Buy this book

eBook $44.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-28219-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $59.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-642-28218-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Early Russian Organic Chemists and Their Legacy
Authors
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in History of Chemistry
Copyright
2012
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-28219-5
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-28219-5
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-28218-8
Series ISSN
2212-991X
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XII, 136
Number of Illustrations and Tables
91 b/w illustrations, 11 illustrations in colour
Topics