Technology and the Environment in State-Socialist Hungary

An Economic History

Authors: Pál, Viktor

  • Traces the development of environmental consciousness in twentieth-century Hungary
  • Highlights the contradictory and irrational relationship between the natural environment and technology in modern Eastern Europe and states under authoritarian rule
  • Contributes to ongoing scholarly debate on the economic, technological, and environmental performance of authoritarian regimes
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eBook $99.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-63832-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
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  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-63831-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

This book explains how and why the state-socialist regime in Hungary used technology and propaganda to foster industrialization and the conservation of natural resources simultaneously. Further, this book explains why this process was ultimately a failure. By exploring the environmental pre-history of communist Hungary before analyzing the economic development of the Kádár regime, Pál investigates how economic and environmental policies and technology transfer were negotiated between the official communist ideology and the global economic reality of capitalist markets. Pál argues that the modernization project of the Kádár regime (1956–1990) facilitated ecological consciousness – at both an individual and societal level – which provoked great social unrest when positive environmental impact was not achieved.

Today, global issues of climate change, urban pollution, resource depletion, and overpopulation transcend political systems, but economic and environmental discourses varied greatly in the twentieth century. This volume is important reading for all those interested in economic and environmental history, as well as political science.

About the authors

Viktor Pál is Researcher and Lecturer at the University of Helsinki, Finland. He coordinates the Interdisciplinary Environmental Hub for Authoritarian Regimes (IEHAR) at the Aleksanteri Institute, Finland, and has served as a guest researcher at UCLA, USA, as well as at various European institutions. His research interests include urban environmental history, water history, history of technology and popularizing science.

Table of contents (10 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Pál, Viktor

    Pages 1-14

  • Economy, Technology and the Environment in Europe and in Hungary, 1800–1945

    Pál, Viktor

    Pages 15-36

  • Economy, Technology and the Environment in Europe After World War II

    Pál, Viktor

    Pages 37-58

  • Stalinist Vision for Economy and Environment in Hungary in the 1950s

    Pál, Viktor

    Pages 59-92

  • Economic Reforms and Environmental Protection in Hungary the 1960s

    Pál, Viktor

    Pages 93-126

Buy this book

eBook $99.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-63832-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-63831-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Technology and the Environment in State-Socialist Hungary
Book Subtitle
An Economic History
Authors
Copyright
2017
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-63832-4
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-63832-4
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-63831-7
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIV, 263
Number of Illustrations and Tables
30 b/w illustrations, 3 illustrations in colour
Topics