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Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Fairness, Equity, and Justice

Editors: Li, Meng, Tracer, David P. (Eds.)

  • Provides experimental perspectives on issues of profound interest and importance across all societies: fairness, equity, and justice
  • Brings together contributions from leading scientists in neuroscience, psychology, anthropology and behavioral economics
  • Highlights implications for public policy, such as allocation of scarce medical resources
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eBook $79.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-58993-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $99.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-58992-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book


This volume brings together cutting-edge research from emerging and senior scholars alike representing a variety of disciplines that bears on human preferences for fairness, equity and justice. Despite predictions derived from evolutionary and economic theories that individuals will behave in the service of maximizing their own utility and  survival, humans not only behave cooperatively, but in many instances, truly altruistically, giving to unrelated others at a cost to themselves. Humans also seem preoccupied like no other species with issues of fairness, equity and justice. But what exactly is fair and how are norms of fairness maintained? How should we decide, and how do we decide, between equity and efficiency? How does the idea of fairness translate across cultures? What is the relationship between human evolution and the development of morality?  The collected chapters shed light on these questions and more to advance our understanding of these uniquely human concerns.

Structured on an increasing scale, this volume begins by exploring issues of fairness, equity, and justice in a micro scale, such as the neural basis of fairness, and then progresses by considering these issues in individual, family, and finally cultural and societal arenas.  Importantly, contributors are drawn from fields as diverse as anthropology, neuroscience, behavioral economics, bioethics, and psychology. Thus, the chapters provide added value and insights when read collectively, with the ultimate goal of enhancing the distinct disciplines as they investigate similar research questions about prosociality. In addition, particular attention is given to experimental research approaches and policy implications for some of society's most pressing issues, such as allocation of scarce medical resources and moral development of children.  Thought-provoking and informative, Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Fairness, Equity, and Justice is a valuable read for public policy makers, anthropologists, ethicists, psychologists, neuroscientists, and all those interested in these questions about the essence of human nature. 

About the authors

Dr. Meng Li is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Health and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Colorado Denver. She holds a Ph.D. in Social Psychology from Rutgers University. Dr. Li studies the systematic difference between what we think “rational” people ought to do, and what people actually do. Harnessing human decision biases, her research uses minor changes in the decision environment, or “nudges”, to motivate socially optimal behaviors, such as preventive health behavior, environmental conservation, work-life balance, and smart transportation decisions.  Her policy-oriented research tests the flexibility of public opinions on resource allocation, as well as their altruistic and self-interested motives in vaccination decisions. Her publications have appeared in prestigious journals such as JAMA, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, and Psychological Science.

David P. Tracer is Professor in the Departments of Health and Behavioral Sciences and Anthropology at the University of Colorado Denver. He holds a PhD in Biological Anthropology from the University of Michigan.  His main theoretical areas of expertise are human ecology and evolutionary perspectives on numerous aspects of both human biology and behavior.  Within the biological arena his research has considered aspects of maternal and child health including nutrition, growth and development, and determinants of fertility. Within the area of human behavior, his research has focused on decision-making and social norms including reciprocity, altruism, bargaining, and justice. He has conducted research for over 25 years in Papua New Guinea as well as among Bedouins in Israel as a J. William Fulbright Senior Research Scholar in Economics. Dr. Tracer’s work has been published in top journals including ScienceBehavioral and Brain SciencesNature Communications and Current Anthropology

Table of contents (10 chapters)

  • An Introduction and Guide to the Volume

    Tracer, David P. (et al.)

    Pages 1-7

  • The Neural Basis of Fairness

    Vavra, Peter (et al.)

    Pages 9-31

  • The Evolution of Moral Development

    Sheskin, Mark

    Pages 33-49

  • Public Preferences About Fairness and the Ethics of Allocating Scarce Medical Interventions

    Persad, Govind

    Pages 51-65

  • Equality by Principle, Efficiency by Practice: How Policy Description Affects Allocation Preference

    Li, Meng (et al.)

    Pages 67-91

Buy this book

eBook $79.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-58993-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $99.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-58992-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Fairness, Equity, and Justice
Editors
  • Meng Li
  • David P. Tracer
Copyright
2017
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer International Publishing AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-58993-0
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-58993-0
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-58992-3
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VIII, 184
Number of Illustrations and Tables
14 b/w illustrations, 1 illustrations in colour
Topics