Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning

Applications of Formal Philosophy

The Road Less Travelled

Editors: Urbaniak, Rafal, Payette, Gillman (Eds.)

  • ​Investigates new areas including ethics, political science and methodology of natural and social sciences, in which mathematical techniques are applied to formal methods
  • Topics include uses of probable and statistical reasoning, rational choice theory, reasoning in the environmental sciences
  • Presents an anthology of papers collected from leading researchers in the area who discuss some of the most fascinating ways formal methods are being applied
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About this book

This book features mathematical and formal philosophers’ efforts to understand philosophical questions using mathematical techniques. It offers a collection of works from leading researchers in the area, who discuss some of the most fascinating ways formal methods are now being applied. It covers topics such as: the uses of probable and statistical reasoning, rational choice theory, reasoning in the environmental sciences, reasoning about laws and changes of rules, and reasoning about collective decision procedures as well as about action. Utilizing mathematical techniques has been very fruitful in the traditional domains of formal philosophy – logic, philosophy of mathematics and metaphysics – while formal philosophy is simultaneously branching out into other areas in philosophy and the social sciences. These areas particularly include ethics, political science, and the methodology of the natural and social sciences. Reasoning about legal rules, collective decision-making procedures, and rational choices are of interest to all those engaged in legal theory, political science and economics. Statistical reasoning is also of interest to political scientists and economists.

About the authors

Rafal Urbaniak completed his PhD in Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics at the University of Calgary (working with Prof. R. Zach) in 2008, focusing on the development of Lesniewski’s foundations of mathematics. Currently, he is a postdoctoral fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders at the Centre for Logic and Philosophy of Science at Ghent University in Belgium and an Associate Professor at the Department of Philosophy, Sociology and Journalism at the University of Gdansk in Poland. 

Rafal Urbaniak is mostly interested in applications of formal methods to philosophical problems, such as those related to theories of rationality, belief revision, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of mind, theories of conditionals or philosophy of thought experiments. Nowadays, his main research project pertains to the use of probabilistic methods in juridicial fact-finding. More details and papers are available at http://ugent.academia.edu/RafalUrbaniak

Gillman Payette is a researcher at the Canadian Centre for Advanced Leadership in Business at the University of Calgary, and an honorary postdoctoral fellow at the University of British Columbia. Previously, he was a Banting postdoctoral fellow at the University of British Columbia from 2014 to 2016, and before that a Killam Postdoctoral Fellow at Dalhousie University. He graduated from the University of Calgary in 2012 under the supervision of Richard Zach with a dissertation on STIT based formal logics for institutions, and is a two time winner of the Governor General of Canada's Academic Gold Medal. His current research interests are in applications of logic and mathematical methods to ethics & political philosophy, and the philosophy of logic. His previous publications concern paraconsistent inference relations, modal logics of agency and time and logical pluralism/foundations of consequence. Versions of his papers can be found on http://dal.academia.edu/GillmanPayette.

Table of contents (12 chapters)

  • Applied Formal Philosophy: Some Reflections on the Program

    Payette, Gillman (et al.)

    Pages 1-3

  • The Logic of Guilt, Innocence and Legal Discourse

    Kapsner, Andreas

    Pages 7-24

  • Counterfactuals, Logic Programming and Agent Morality

    Pereira, Luís Moniz (et al.)

    Pages 25-53

  • The Wisdom of the Multitude: Diversity Versus Size

    Stone, Peter C. (et al.)

    Pages 55-71

  • A Logic for Human Actions

    Peterson, Clayton

    Pages 73-112

Buy this book

eBook $79.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-58507-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $109.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-58505-5
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Applications of Formal Philosophy
Book Subtitle
The Road Less Travelled
Editors
  • Rafal Urbaniak
  • Gillman Payette
Series Title
Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning
Series Volume
14
Copyright
2017
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer International Publishing AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-58507-9
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-58507-9
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-58505-5
Series ISSN
2214-9120
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VI, 263
Number of Illustrations and Tables
24 b/w illustrations
Topics