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Bioarchaeology and Social Theory

The Bioarchaeology of Societal Collapse and Regeneration in Ancient Peru

Authors: Kurin, Danielle Shawn

  • Provides a detailed study of how Wari state collapse impacted local people in Andahuaylas, and how those people regenerated their society after this traumatic disruption Deals with timely, cross-cultural, thematic issues such as violence, gender relationships, ethnicity, migration, technological innovation, and ritualsMost comprehensive study addressing a society that served as a bridge between two of the Western Hemisphere’s major ancient civilizations

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eBook $99.00
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  • ISBN 978-3-319-28404-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
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  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-28402-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

This book explores how individuals, social groups, and entire populations are impacted by the tumultuous collapse of ancient states and empires. Through meticulous study of the bones of the dead and the molecules embedded therein, bioarchaeologists can reconstruct how the reverberations of traumatic social disasters permanently impact human bodies over the course of generations. In this case, we focus on the enigmatic civilizations of ancient Peru. Around 1000 years ago, the Wari Empire, the first expansive, imperial state in the highland Andes, abruptly collapsed after four centures of domination. Several hundred years later, the Inca rose to power, creating a new highland empire running along the spine of South America. But what happened in between? According to Andean folklore, two important societies, known today as the Chanka and the Quichua, emerged from the ashes of the ruined Wari state, and coalesced as formidable polities despite the social, political, and economic chaos that characterized the end of imperial control. The period of the Chanka and the Quichua, however, produced no known grand capital, no large, elaborate cities, no written or commercial records, and left relatively little by way of tools, goods, and artwork. Knowledge of the Chanka and Quichua who thrived in the Andahuaylas region of south-central Peru, ca. 1000 – 1400 A.D., is mainly written in bone—found largely in the human remains and associated funerary objects of its population. 

This book presents novel insights as to the nature of society during this important interstitial era between empires—what specialists call the “Late Intermediate Period” in Andean pre-history. Additionally, it provides a detailed study of Wari state collapse, explores how imperial fragmentation impacted local people in Andahuaylas, and addresses how those people reorganized their society after this traumatic disruption. Particular attention is given to describing how Wari collapse impacted rates and types of violence, altered population demographic profiles, changed dietary habits, prompted new patterns of migration, generated novel ethnic identities, prompted innovative technological advances, and transformed beliefs and practices concerning the dead.

About the authors

Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, UC Santa Barbara. Courses: Human Evolution, Human Osteology, Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology, the Bioarchaeology of Natural and Social Disaster, Biorchaeological Method and Theory (graduate seminar); 2013-present. Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Science and Letters, Universidad Nacional Jose Maria Arguedas, Andahuaylas, Apurimac, Peru. Course: Introducción a la Sociología, Metodologia de la Investigacion; 2013-present.

Reviews

“This 200-page volume is a revised version of the author’s 2012 dissertation. … Each chapter essentially stands alone, with its own bibliography … . The volume will interest archaeologists seeking to understand how the new subspecialty of bioarchaeology is being practiced and all Peruvianists interested in the Late Intermediate Period, just preceding the Inka.” (D. L. Browman, Choice, Vol. 54 (2), October, 2016)


Table of contents (9 chapters)

  • Societal Collapse and Reorganization

    Kurin, Danielle Shawn

    Pages 1-10

  • Theorizing and Operationalizing a Bioarchaeology of Societal Collapse and Reorganization

    Kurin, Danielle Shawn

    Pages 11-36

  • Lifeways in Andahuaylas Under the Aegis of the Wari Empire and After Its Collapse

    Kurin, Danielle Shawn

    Pages 37-69

  • Chanka and Quichua Community Profiles and Mortuary Practices

    Kurin, Danielle Shawn

    Pages 71-105

  • Reorganizing Society: Cranial Modification and the Creation of Difference

    Kurin, Danielle Shawn

    Pages 107-125

Buy this book

eBook $99.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-28404-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-28402-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
The Bioarchaeology of Societal Collapse and Regeneration in Ancient Peru
Authors
Series Title
Bioarchaeology and Social Theory
Copyright
2016
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer International Publishing Switzerland
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-28404-0
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-28404-0
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-28402-6
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XV, 218
Number of Illustrations and Tables
18 b/w illustrations, 44 illustrations in colour
Topics