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Concentrating Solar Power and Desalination Plants

Engineering and Economics of Coupling Multi-Effect Distillation and Solar Plants

Authors: Palenzuela, Patricia, Alarcón-Padilla, Diego-César, Zaragoza, Guillermo

  • Features the first available detailed thermo-economic analyses of Concentrating Solar Power and Desalination (CSP+D) Plants, based on actual figures from operating plants
  • Includes description of all the equations used in the modeling of each component, creating an invaluable template for implementing similar models
  • Demonstrates modeling and validation of a Multi-effect Distillation (MED) Plant with increased energy recovery and enhanced thermal efficiency
  • Extended parametric analysis of CSP+D plants helps readers identify cases wherein integrating a Thermal Desalination Plant will yield better results than connecting a Reverse Osmosis Plant
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eBook $84.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-20535-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-20534-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $109.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-35474-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

This book provides a detailed examination of how two key concerns in many communities across the globe- power and water- can be simultaneously addressed through the coupling of Concentrating Solar Power and Desalination (CSP+D) plants. It undertakes a technological and economic evaluation of the integration of Multi-effect Distillation Plants into CSP plants based on Parabolic Trough solar collectors (PT-CSP+MED), as compared to independent water and power production through Reverse Osmosis unit connection to a CSP plant (CSP+RO). Through this compare and contrast method of analysis, the author establishes guidelines to assist readers in identifying cases wherein PT-CSP+MED systems provide greater benefits from a thermodynamic and economic point of view. The text outlines efficiencies and challenges derived from the combination of PT-CSP power generation with four different desalination plant scenarios, beginning with a description of the equations used in the modeling and validation of a pilot MED plant and followed by detailed thermodynamic analysis of several currently operating CSP+D systems. Comparative thermodynamic assessments are based on a sensitivity analysis from which the overall efficiency of the cogeneration system is determined. The author outlines all the equations used for the modeling of each component and includes 97 comparative tables obtained from the sensitivity analysis, showing the variation of the overall thermal efficiency of the CSP+D as a function of fundamental parameters of the cogeneration cycle, such as the specific electric consumption of the desalination plants, and the turbine outlet temperature of the power cycle. These findings are then placed in practical context through a complete thermo-economic analysis, which is carried out for two specific locations in the Middle East and Europe in order to identify the most practically and economically viable CSP+D system in each region as informed by actual operating conditions, meteorological data and real cost figures for each location.

About the authors

Dr. Patricia Palenzuela is currently a project researcher in the Solar Desalination Unit at the Plataforma Solar de Almería-CIEMAT, the largest concentrating solar technology research, development and test center in Europe. She is a phD from the University of Almería, having developed all the research activity of her thesis at the Plataforma Solar de Almería. She has also conducted research at the Qatar Environmental and Energy Research Institute and the Solar Energy Research Center-Chile (SERC-Chile) as a postdoctoral fellow

Dr. Guillermo Zaragoza is currently senior researcher at the Solar Desalination Unit of CIEMAT-Plataforma Solar de Almería, and coordinator of the Action Group on “Renewable Energy Desalination” of the European Innovation Partnership on Water of the European Commission. 

Dr. Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla is the current head of the Solar Desalination Unit at CIEMAT-Plataforma Solar de Almería. He also holds the position of Operating Agent of SolarPACES Task VI (Solar Energy and Water Processes and Applications) and the coordination of the Sub-Programme IV (Concentrated Solar Power and Desalination, CSP+D) within the framework of the EERA (European Energy Research Alliance) CSP Joint Programme.



Table of contents (6 chapters)

  • State of the Art of Desalination Processes

    Palenzuela, Patricia (et al.)

    Pages 1-25

  • Combined Fresh Water and Power Production: State of the Art

    Palenzuela, Patricia (et al.)

    Pages 27-60

  • Steady-State Modelling of a Low-Temperature Multi-effect Distillation Plant

    Palenzuela, Patricia (et al.)

    Pages 61-84

  • Steady-State Modelling of a Parabolic-Trough Concentrating Solar Power Plant

    Palenzuela, Patricia (et al.)

    Pages 85-122

  • Integration of a Desalination Plant into a Concentrating Solar Power Plant

    Palenzuela, Patricia (et al.)

    Pages 123-136

Buy this book

eBook $84.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-20535-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-20534-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $109.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-35474-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Concentrating Solar Power and Desalination Plants
Book Subtitle
Engineering and Economics of Coupling Multi-Effect Distillation and Solar Plants
Authors
Copyright
2015
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer International Publishing Switzerland
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-20535-9
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-20535-9
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-20534-2
Softcover ISBN
978-3-319-35474-3
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VII, 172
Topics