Synthese Library

Mereology and the Sciences

Parts and Wholes in the Contemporary Scientific Context

Editors: Calosi, Claudio, Graziani, Pierluigi (Eds.)

  • First thorough attempt to investigate the relation and possible applications of an important area of ontology, metaphysics and logic, i.e. mereology and different scientific disciplines
  • Offers a self-contained and accessible introduction to a relatively new subject in the metaphysics and the foundations of science while promoting an inter-disciplinary approach
  • Presents a brief introduction to each section that serves as an overview of single applications of mereological theories to specific sciences
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eBook $139.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-05356-1
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  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $179.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-05355-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $179.00
price for USA
  • Customers within the U.S. and Canada please contact Customer Service at 1-800-777-4643, Latin America please contact us at +1-212-460-1500 (Weekdays 8:30am – 5:30pm ET) to place your order.
  • Due: November 3, 2016
  • ISBN 978-3-319-35793-5
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
About this book

This volume is the first systematic and thorough attempt to investigate the relation and the possible applications of mereology to contemporary science. It gathers contributions from leading scholars in the field and covers a wide range of scientific theories and practices such as physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, computer science and engineering. Throughout the volume, a variety of foundational issues are investigated both from the formal and the empirical point of view.

The first section looks at the topic as it applies to physics. The section addresses questions of persistence and composition within quantum and relativistic physics and concludes by scrutinizing the possibility to capture continuity of motion as described by our best physical theories within gunky space times.

The second part tackles mathematics and shows how to provide a foundation for point-free geometry of space switching to fuzzy-logic. The relation between mereological sums and set-theoretic suprema is investigated and issues about different mereological perspectives such as classical and natural Mereology are thoroughly discussed.

The third section in the volume looks at natural science. Several questions from biology, medicine and chemistry are investigated. From the perspective of biology, there is an attempt to provide axioms for inferring statements about part hood between two biological entities from statements about their spatial relation. From the perspective of chemistry, it is argued that classical mereological frameworks are not adequate to capture the practices of chemistry in that they consider neither temporal nor modal parameters.

The final part introduces computer science and engineering. A new formal mereological framework in which an indeterminate relation of part hood is taken as a primitive notion is constructed and then applied to a wide variety of disciplines from robotics to knowledge engineering. A formal framework for discrete mereotopology and its applications is developed and finally, the importance of mereology for the relatively new science of domain engineering is also discussed.

About the authors

Claudio Calosi is currently a post-doc at University of Urbino. He has been Visiting Research Scholar at University of Pittsburgh, University of California at Irvine and New York University. His main research interests are philosophy of science and analytic metaphysics and he has published extensively on both in journals such as Synthese, Foundations of Physics, Topoi to mention a few.

Pierluigi Graziani received his Ph.D from University of Rome La Sapienza and is currently a post-doc at University of Urbino. His works spans from mathematical logic, especially proof theory, to history and philosophy of mathematics. He has been editor of different volumes and published in different distinguished journals.

Table of contents (12 chapters)

  • Building Enduring Objects Out of Spacetime

    Gilmore, Cody

    Pages 5-34

  • Relativistic Parts and Places: A Note on Corner Slices and Shrinking Chairs

    Balashov, Yuri

    Pages 35-51

  • Parthood and Composition in Quantum Mechanics

    Calosi, Claudio (et al.)

    Pages 53-84

  • Continuity of Motion in Whitehead’s Geometrical Space

    Fano, Vincenzo (et al.)

    Pages 85-99

  • Multi-valued Logic for a Point-Free Foundation of Geometry

    Coppola, Cristina (et al.)

    Pages 105-122

Buy this book

eBook $139.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-05356-1
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $179.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-05355-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $179.00
price for USA
  • Customers within the U.S. and Canada please contact Customer Service at 1-800-777-4643, Latin America please contact us at +1-212-460-1500 (Weekdays 8:30am – 5:30pm ET) to place your order.
  • Due: November 3, 2016
  • ISBN 978-3-319-35793-5
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Mereology and the Sciences
Book Subtitle
Parts and Wholes in the Contemporary Scientific Context
Editors
  • Claudio Calosi
  • Pierluigi Graziani
Series Title
Synthese Library
Series Volume
371
Copyright
2014
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer International Publishing Switzerland
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-05356-1
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-05356-1
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-05355-4
Softcover ISBN
978-3-319-35793-5
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XX, 378
Number of Illustrations and Tables
161 b/w illustrations
Topics