SpringerBriefs in Energy

Natural Gas Hydrate - Arctic Ocean Deepwater Resource Potential

Authors: Max, Michael D., Johnson, Arthur H, Dillon, William P.

Buy this book

eBook $39.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-02508-7
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $49.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-02507-0
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

The book is an up-to-date basic reference for natural gas hydrate (NGH) in the Arctic Ocean. Geographical, geological, environmental, energy, new technology, and regulatory matters are discussed. The book should be of interest to general readers and scientists and students as well as industry and government agencies concerned with energy and ocean management.

NGH is a solid crystalline material that compresses gas by about a factor of about 164 during crystallization from natural gas (mainly methane) - rich pore waters over time. NGH displaces water and may form large concentrations in sediment pore space. Its formation introduces changes in the geotechnical character of host sediment that allows it to be distinguished by seismic and electric exploration methods. The chemical reaction that forms NGH from gas and water molecules is highly reversible, which allows controlled conversion of the NGH to its constituent gas and water. This can be achieved rapidly by one of a number of processes including heating, depressurization, inhibitor injection, dissolution, and molecular replacement. The produced gas has the potential to make NGH a valuable unconventional natural gas resource, and perhaps the largest on earth.

Estimates for NGH distribution, concentration, economic targets, and volumes in the Arctic Ocean have been carried out by restricting the economic target to deepwater turbidite sands, which are also sediment hosts for more deeply buried conventional hydrocarbon deposits. Resource base estimates are based on NGH petroleum system analysis approach using industry-standard parameters along with analogs from three relatively well known examples (Nankai-Japan, Gulf of Mexico-United States, and Arctic permafrost hydrate). Drilling data has substantiated new geotechnical-level seismic analysis techniques for estimating not just the presence of NGH but prospect volumes.

In addition to a volumetric estimate for NGH having economic potential, a sedimentary depositional model is proposed to aid exploration in the five different regions around the deep central Arctic Ocean basin. Related topics are also discussed. Transport and logistics for NGH may also be applicable for stranded conventional gas and oil deposits. Arising from a discussion of new technology and methodologies that could be applied to developing NGH, suggestions are made for the lowering of exploration and capital expenses that could make NGH competitive on a produced cost basis.

The basis for the extraordinarily low environmental risk for exploration and production of NGH is discussed, especially with respect to the environmentally fragile Arctic region. It is suggested that because of the low environmental risk, special regulations could be written that would provide a framework for very low cost and safe development.

Table of contents (14 chapters)

  • The Arctic Ocean

    Max, Michael D. (et al.)

    Pages 1-7

  • Sediment Delivery Systems; Ice, Rivers and the Continental Margin

    Max, Michael D. (et al.)

    Pages 9-18

  • Natural Gas Hydrate: Environmentally Responsive Sequestration of Natural Gas

    Max, Michael D. (et al.)

    Pages 19-23

  • NGH as an Unconventional Energy Resource

    Max, Michael D. (et al.)

    Pages 25-31

  • Elements of the NGH Petroleum System

    Max, Michael D. (et al.)

    Pages 33-46

Buy this book

eBook $39.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-02508-7
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $49.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-02507-0
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Loading...

Recommended for you

Loading...

Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Natural Gas Hydrate - Arctic Ocean Deepwater Resource Potential
Authors
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in Energy
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-02508-7
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-02508-7
Softcover ISBN
978-3-319-02507-0
Series ISSN
2191-5520
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XI, 113
Number of Illustrations and Tables
2 b/w illustrations, 7 illustrations in colour
Topics