Springer Theses

Ion Correlations at Electrified Soft Matter Interfaces

Authors: Laanait, Nouamane

  • Nominated by the University of Illinois at Chicago, USA, as an outstanding Ph.D. thesis
  • Represents a significant advance towards understanding the nature and role of ion correlations in charged soft matter
  • Facilitates the connection between theoretical models and empirical investigations of ion correlations in various settings, which is of relevance to strongly correlated soft matter systems
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About this book

Ion Correlations at Electrified Soft Matter Interfaces presents an investigation that combines experiments, theory, and computer simulations to demonstrate that the interdependency between ion correlations and other ion interactions in solution can explain the distribution of ions near an electrified liquid/liquid interface. The properties of this interface are exploited to vary the coupling strength of ion-ion correlations from weak to strong while monitoring their influence on ion distributions at the nanometer scale with X-ray reflectivity and on the macroscopic scale with interfacial tension measurements.

This thesis demonstrates that a parameter-free density functional theory that includes ion-ion correlations and ion-solvent interactions is in agreement with the data over the entire range of experimentally tunable correlation coupling strengths. The reported findings represent a significant advance towards understanding the nature and role of ion correlations in charged soft-matter.

Ion distributions underlie many scientific phenomena and technological applications, including electrostatic interactions between charged biomolecules and the efficiency of energy storage devices. These distributions are determined by interactions dictated by the chemical properties of the ions and their environment, as well as the long-range nature of the electrostatic force. The presence of strong correlations between ions is responsible for counterintuitive effects such as like-charge attraction.

About the authors

Current Affiliation:
Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division,
Argonne National Laboratory
9700 South Cass Avenue, Bldg. 200
Argonne, IL 60439-4831


Nouamane Laanait received his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Illinois at Chicago, USA. He was twice awarded with the University of Illinois’ University Fellowship, and has twice received the GAANN Fellowship.

Table of contents (7 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Laanait, Nouamane

    Pages 1-4

  • The Poisson-Boltzmann Equation

    Laanait, Nouamane

    Pages 5-8

  • Electrochemical Methods

    Laanait, Nouamane

    Pages 9-23

  • X-ray Reflectivity Studies of Ion Condensation at the Electrified Liquid/Liquid Interface

    Laanait, Nouamane

    Pages 25-37

  • Sterically Modified Poisson-BoltzmannEquation

    Laanait, Nouamane

    Pages 39-65

Buy this book

eBook $99.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-00900-1
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-00899-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-34393-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Rent the ebook  
  • Rental duration: 1 or 6 month
  • low-cost access
  • online reader with highlighting and note-making option
  • can be used across all devices
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Ion Correlations at Electrified Soft Matter Interfaces
Authors
Series Title
Springer Theses
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer International Publishing Switzerland
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-00900-1
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-00900-1
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-00899-8
Softcover ISBN
978-3-319-34393-8
Series ISSN
2190-5053
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XV, 112
Number of Illustrations and Tables
5 b/w illustrations, 51 illustrations in colour
Topics